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From Jörg Schaible <joerg.schai...@gmx.de>
Subject Re: Provided scope dependencies
Date Thu, 14 Mar 2013 17:57:58 GMT
Patrick Schlebusch wrote:

> Hi everyone,
> 
> we're using Maven to build OSGi bundles among other types of artifacts. In
> this context we have run into some problems related to provided scope
> dependencies.
> 
> The documentation [1] about the provided scope says: "This is much like
> compile, but indicates you expect the JDK or a container to provide the
> dependency at runtime."
> There is also the following note about transitive compile dependencies: "
> it is intended that this should be runtime scope instead, so that all
> compile dependencies must be explicitly listed - however, there is the
> case where the library you depend on extends a class from another library,
> forcing you to have available at compile time. For this reason, compile
> time dependencies remain as compile scope even when they are transitive."
> 
> In the same way, Mavens current behaviour leads to problems if an artifact
> extends a class of a provided scope dependency. I hope this little example
> makes this clearer:
> 
> Lets assume we have the artifacts A, B and C. B depends on C with scope
> provided. B contains a class that extends a class of C. If A wants to use
> this class of B, it should only need to add a dependency for B (lets
> assume compile scope here). However, since provided scopes are not
> resolved transitively A cannot be compiled without also specifying a
> dependency on C, an artifact it shouldn't have to know about.
> 
> I know this is not a new issue in any way; there is a 7 year old Jira [2],
> which has some discussion, but seems to have no conclusion in any way and
> is not scheduled to be fixed.
> 
> Are there any workarounds for this except for maybe using a patched Maven
> version? Is there any 'official' opinion on this? I would also be
> interested in the reasoning behind making the provided scope
> non-transitive.

Provided means "provided by the runtime environment". If I use 
javax.mail:mail, I add it to my dependency list as provided, when I know 
that my target platform is JEE. I should not have this jar in my war files, 
because the classes are provided by the JEE environment. Clear?

- Jörg


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