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From Ranjith Uthaman <>
Subject RE: Pseudo-Inverse map reduce implementation
Date Fri, 19 Oct 2012 07:28:44 GMT
Many Thanks Owen for the prompt  replies. 
Will update the results on the quality of recommendations here.

-----Original Message-----
From: Sean Owen [] 
Sent: 18 October 2012 18:01
Subject: Re: Pseudo-Inverse map reduce implementation

So you have a factorization like A = X * Y' and you are looking for the right inverse of Y'
(where Y is the item-feature matrix)?

This is just Y * pinv(Y' * Y). Y' * Y takes a little work to compute, but can be done in one
pass over the matrix. Y' * Y is just a
1000x1000 matrix which you can invert in memory quickly. Then it's another multiply. It shouldn't
take 40 seconds -- but, it is also something you need not compute at request time every time.
It's not going to affect things much to just periodically recompute that if you always want
a completely up-to-date right-inverse, because Y won't change rapidly.


On Thu, Oct 18, 2012 at 1:21 PM, Ranjith Uthaman <> wrote:
> The final pursuit is building a content-based recommender of the item for each user.
User-based and item-based recommenders of mahout as discussed in MahoutInAction book doesn't
fare very well considering the data available. Also, a content-based recommender approach
is also hinted in the book.
>  Hence, We intend to use linear regression kind-of model for achieving better recommendations.
The confidential nature of data does not allow it to be discussed here :-( , but the scale
at which this needs to be performed is as follows:
> The number of users are : 5-10 million Number of items are : ~10000 
> [which might increase to million in future] Feature vector of the item 
> is: 1000 [which might increase to 10000 features in future]
> We need to find the weight vector using the pseudo inverse of the item matrix and essentially
for per user the matrix dimensions is 10000 X 1000. But, since the number of users are large
and this needs to be done more frequent.
> On a single desktop machine with 2-core and average configuration  pinv of a matrix of
such dimension takes around 40 seconds  .
> This time is too long for customers using mobile web portals whose index page is  completely
customised using  the recommendations results obtained above. Not to mention that , rendering
of the results to create the page will take further computational time.
> Kindly guide.
> Thanks & Regards,
> Ranjith
> -----Original Message-----
> From: Sean Owen []
> Sent: 18 October 2012 12:48
> To:
> Subject: Re: Pseudo-Inverse map reduce implementation
> I asked in reply on Quora -- what exactly are you computing? what is the size of input
and are you talking about a generalized inverse.
> Depending on this there are easier ways than an SVD.
> On Thu, Oct 18, 2012 at 6:42 AM, Ranjith Uthaman <> wrote:
>> Hi,
>> Does map reduce implementation of Pseudo-Inverse of a matrix exist in the current
Mahout framework? What are the various ways to achieve it?
>> Thanks & Regards,
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