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From Michael Gibney <>
Subject Re: HttpShardHandlerFactory
Date Mon, 19 Aug 2019 13:21:53 GMT

Another thing to check is that I believe the configuration you posted may
not actually be taking effect. Unless I'm mistaken, I think the correct
element name to configure the shardHandler is "shardHandler*Factory*", not
"shardHandler" ... as in, '<shardHandlerFactory

The element name is documented correctly in the refGuide page for "Format
of solr.xml":

... but the incorrect (?) element name is included in the refGuide page for
"Distributed Requests":


On Fri, Aug 16, 2019 at 9:40 AM Shawn Heisey <> wrote:

> On 8/16/2019 3:51 AM, Mark Robinson wrote:
> > I am trying to understand the socket time out and connection time out in
> > the HttpShardHandlerFactory:-
> >
> >         <shardHandler class="HttpShardHandlerFactory">
> >                <int name="socketTimeOut">10</int>
> >                <int name="connTimeOut">20</int>
> >         </shardHandler>
> The shard handler is used when that Solr instance needs to make
> connections to another Solr instance (which could be itself, as odd as
> that might sound).  It does not apply to the requests that you make from
> outside Solr.
> > 1.Could some one please help me understand the effect of using such low
> > values of 10 ms
> >      and 20ms as given above inside my /select handler?
> A connection timeout of 10 milliseconds *might* result in connections
> not establishing at all.  This is translated down to the TCP socket as
> the TCP connection timeout -- the time limit imposed on making the TCP
> connection itself.  Which as I understand it, is the completion of the
> "SYN", "SYN/ACK", and "ACK" sequence.  If the two endpoints of the
> connection are on a LAN, you might never see a problem from this -- LAN
> connections are very low latency.  But if they are across the Internet,
> they might never work.
> The socket timeout of 20 milliseconds means that if the connection goes
> idle for 20 milliseconds, it will be forcibly closed.  So if it took 25
> milliseconds for the remote Solr instance to respond, this Solr instance
> would have given up and closed the connection.  It is extremely common
> for requests to take 100, 500, 2000, or more milliseconds to respond.
> > 2. What is the guidelines for setting these parameters? Should they be
> low
> > or high
> I would probably use a value of about 5000 (five seconds) for the
> connection timeout if everything's on a local LAN.  I might go as high
> as 15 seconds if there's a high latency network between them, but five
> seconds is probably long enough too.
> For the socket timeout, you want a value that's considerably longer than
> you expect requests to ever take.  Probably somewhere between two and
> five minutes.
> > 3. How can I test the effect of this chunk of code after adding it to my
> > /select handler ie I want to
> >       make sure the above code snippet is working. That is why I gave
> such
> > low values and
> >       thought when I fire a query I would get both time out errors in the
> > logs. But did not!
> >       Or is it that within the above time frame (10 ms, 20ms) if no
> request
> > comes the socket will
> >       time out and the connection will be lost. So to test this should I
> > give a say 100 TPS load with
> >       these low values and then increase the values to maybe 1000 ms and
> > 1500 ms respectively
> >       and see lesser time out error messages?
> If you were running a multi-server SolrCloud setup (or a single-server
> setup with multiple shards and/or replicas), you probably would see
> problems from values that low.  But if Solr never has any need to make
> connections to satisfy a request, then the values will never take effect.
> If you want to control these values for requests made from outside Solr,
> you will need to do it in your client software that is making the request.
> Thanks,
> Shawn

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