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From Shawn Heisey <>
Subject Re: FW: Difference Between Tokenizer and filter
Date Wed, 02 Mar 2016 17:34:05 GMT
On 3/2/2016 9:55 AM, G, Rajesh wrote:
> Thanks for your email Koji. Can you please explain what is the role of tokenizer and
filter so I can understand why I should not have two tokenizer in index and I should have
at least one tokenizer in query?

You can't have two tokenizers.  It's not allowed.

The only notable difference between a Tokenizer and a Filter is that a
Tokenizer operates on an input that's a single string, turning it into a
token stream, and a Filter uses a token stream for both input and
output.  A CharFilter uses a single string as both input and output.

An analysis chain in the Solr schema (whether it's index or query) is
composed of zero or more CharFilter entries, exactly one Tokenizer
entry, and zero or more Filter entries.  Alternately, you can specify an
Analyzer class, which is a lot like a Tokenizer.  An Analyzer is
effectively the same thing as a tokenizer combined with filters.

CharFilters run before the Tokenizer, and Filters run after the
Tokenizer.  CharFilters, Tokenizers, Filters, and Analyzers are Lucene

> My understanding is tokenizer is used to say how the content should be indexed physically
in file system. Filters are used to query result

The format of the index on disk is not controlled by the tokenizer, or
anything else in the analysis chain.  It is controlled by the Lucene
codec.  Only a very small part of the codec is configurable in Solr, but
normally this does not need configuring.  The codec defaults are
appropriate for the majority of use cases.


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