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From "J. Delgado" <>
Subject Re: Efficient Query Evaluation using a Two-Level Retrieval Process
Date Mon, 16 Nov 2009 17:26:10 GMT
As I understood it setMinimumNumberShouldMatch(int min) Is used to
specify a minimum number of the optional BooleanClauses which must be

I haven't seen the implementation of setMinimumNumberShouldMatch but
it seems a bit different than what is intended with the WAND operator,
which can take any real number as threshold θ

As stated in the paper:

WAND(X1,w1, . . . Xk,wk, θ) is true iff X 1≤i≤k and SUM(xiwi)≥ θ

where xi is the indicator variable for Xi, that is xi =  1, if Xi is
true 0, otherwise.

Observe that WAND can be used to implement AND
and OR via
AND(X1,X2, . . .Xk) ≡ WAND(X1, 1,X2, 1, . . . Xk, 1, k),
OR(X1,X2, . ..Xk) ≡ WAND(X1, 1,X2, 1, . ..Xk, 1, 1).

What I find interesting is the idea of using a first pass using the
upper bound (maximal) contribution of a term on any document score and
the dynamic setting of the threshold θ to skip or to fully evaluate a

As stated in the paper:

"Given this setup our preliminary scoring consists of evaluating
for each document d
WAND(X1,UB1,X2,UB2, . . .,Xk,UBk, θ),
where Xi is an indicator variable for the presence of query term i in
document d and the threshold θ is varied during
the algorithm as explained below. If WAND evaluates to true, then the
document d undergoes a full evaluation.
The threshold θ is set dynamically by the algorithm based on the
minimum score m among the top n results found so
far, where n is the number of requested documents. The larger the
threshold, the more documents will be skipped
and thus we will need to compute full scores for fewer documents."

I think its worth a try...

-- Joaquin

On Mon, Nov 16, 2009 at 2:54 AM, Andrzej Bialecki <> wrote:
> J. Delgado wrote:
>> Here is the link to the paper.
>> A more recent application of the use and extension of the WAND operator for
>> indexing of Boolean expressions:
>> -- Joaquin
>> On Sun, Nov 15, 2009 at 11:12 PM, Shalin Shekhar Mangar <
>>> wrote:
>>> Hey Joaquin,
>>> The mailing list strips off attachments. Can you please upload it somewhere
>>> and give us the link?
>>> On Mon, Nov 16, 2009 at 12:35 PM, J. Delgado <
>>>> wrote:
>>>> Please find attached the paper on "Efficient Query Evaluation using a
>>>> Two-Level Retrieval Process". I believe that such approach may improve
>>> the
>>>> way Lucene/Solr evaluates queries today.
> The functionality of WAND (weak AND) is already implemented in Lucene, if I understand
it correctly - this is the BooleanQuery.setMinShouldMatch(int). Lucene implements this probably
differently from the algorithm described in the paper, so there may be still some benefits
from comparing the algorithms in Lucene's BooleanScorer[2] with this one ...
> --
> Best regards,
> Andrzej Bialecki     <><
>  ___. ___ ___ ___ _ _   __________________________________
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