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From Apache Wiki <wikidi...@apache.org>
Subject [Solr Wiki] Update of "SolrQuerySyntax" by MichaelLong
Date Tue, 13 Nov 2012 17:19:42 GMT
Dear Wiki user,

You have subscribed to a wiki page or wiki category on "Solr Wiki" for change notification.

The "SolrQuerySyntax" page has been changed by MichaelLong:
http://wiki.apache.org/solr/SolrQuerySyntax?action=diff&rev1=36&rev2=37

Comment:
solr 4.0 changes query syntax due to regular expression support

+ Solr supports multiple query syntaxes through its query parser plugin framework. For documentation
on the full list of available parser types, see the all subclasses of  [[http://lucene.apache.org/solr/api/org/apache/solr/search/QParserPlugin.html|QParserPlugin]]
in the javadoc.
- Solr supports multiple query syntaxes through its query parser plugin framework.
- For documentation on the full list of available parser types, see the all subclasses of

- [[http://lucene.apache.org/solr/api/org/apache/solr/search/QParserPlugin.html|QParserPlugin]]
in the javadoc.
  
  <<TableOfContents>>
  
  = Specifying a Query Parser =
+ Users can specify the type of a query in most places that accept a query string using LocalParams
syntax. For example, the following query string specifies a lucene/solr query with a default
operator of "AND" and a default field of "text": {{{q={!lucene q.op=AND df=text}myfield:foo
+bar -baz}}}
- 
- Users can specify the type of a query in most places that accept a query string using LocalParams
syntax.
- For example, the following query string specifies a lucene/solr query with a default operator
of "AND" and a default field of "text":
- {{{q={!lucene q.op=AND df=text}myfield:foo +bar -baz}}}
  
  In standard Solr search handlers, the {{{defType}}} param can be used to specify the default
type of the main query (ie: the {{{q}}} param) but it ''only'' affects the main query -- The
default type of all other query parameters will remain "[[#lucene|lucene]]".
  
+ {{{q={!func}popularity}}} is thus equivalent to {{{defType=func&q=popularity}}} in the
standard Solr search handler.
- {{{q={!func}popularity}}}
- is thus equivalent to
- {{{defType=func&q=popularity}}}
- in the standard Solr search handler.
  
  <<Anchor(lucene)>>
+ 
  = Default QParserPlugin: LuceneQParserPlugin =
+ The standard Solr Query Parser syntax is a superset of the Lucene Query Parser Syntax ([[http://lucene.apache.org/java/3_6_0/queryparsersyntax.html|pre-4.0]])
or ([[http://lucene.apache.org/core/4_0_0/queryparser/org/apache/lucene/queryparser/classic/package-summary.html|4.0+]]).
Certain characters are special ([[http://lucene.apache.org/java/3_6_0/queryparsersyntax.html#Escaping.2520Special.2520Characters|pre-4.0]])
or ([[http://lucene.apache.org/core/4_0_0/queryparser/org/apache/lucene/queryparser/classic/package-summary.html#Escaping%20Special%20Characters|4.0+]])
and those characters need to be escaped using quotes or a backslash if you want them to be
treated as literals. For example, to search for {{{(1+1):2}}} use one of the following syntaxes...
- 
- The standard Solr Query Parser syntax is a superset of the [[http://lucene.apache.org/java/3_6_0/queryparsersyntax.html|Lucene
Query Parser syntax]].  [[http://lucene.apache.org/java/3_6_0/queryparsersyntax.html#Escaping%20Special%20Characters|Certain
characters are special]] and those characters need to be escaped using quotes or a backslash
if you want them to be treated as literals. For example, to search for {{{(1+1):2}}} use one
of the following syntaxes...
  
  {{{
  \(1\+1\)\:2
  "(1+1):2"
  }}}
+ <!> Solr 4.0 added regular expression support, which means that '/' is now a special
character and must be escaped if searching for literal forward slash.
  
  == Differences From Lucene Query Parser ==
+ Differences in the Solr Query Parser include
  
- Differences in the Solr Query Parser include
   * Range queries {{{[a TO z]}}}, prefix queries {{{a*}}}, and wildcard queries {{{a*b}}}
are constant-scoring (all matching documents get an equal score).  The scoring factors tf,
idf, index boost, and coord are not used.  There is no limitation on the number of terms that
match (as there was in past versions of Lucene).
-    * Lucene 2.1 has also switched to use !ConstantScoreRangeQuery for its range queries.
+   * Lucene 2.1 has also switched to use !ConstantScoreRangeQuery for its range queries.
   * A {{{*}}} may be used for either or both endpoints to specify an open-ended range query.
-    * {{{field:[* TO 100]}}} finds all field values less than or equal to 100
+   * {{{field:[* TO 100]}}} finds all field values less than or equal to 100
-    * {{{field:[100 TO *]}}} finds all field values greater than or equal to 100
+   * {{{field:[100 TO *]}}} finds all field values greater than or equal to 100
-    * {{{field:[* TO *]}}} matches all documents with the field
+   * {{{field:[* TO *]}}} matches all documents with the field
   * Pure negative queries (all clauses prohibited) are allowed.
-    * {{{-inStock:false}}} finds all field values where inStock is not false
+   * {{{-inStock:false}}} finds all field values where inStock is not false
-    * {{{-field:[* TO *]}}} finds all documents without a value for field
+   * {{{-field:[* TO *]}}} finds all documents without a value for field
   * A hook into FunctionQuery syntax.  Quotes will be necessary to encapsulate the function
when it includes parentheses.
-    * Example: {{{_val_:myfield}}}
+   * Example: {{{_val_:myfield}}}
-    * Example: {{{_val_:"recip(rord(myfield),1,2,3)"}}}
+   * Example: {{{_val_:"recip(rord(myfield),1,2,3)"}}}
   * Nested query support for any type of query parser (via QParserPlugin).  Quotes will often
be necessary to encapsulate the nested query if it contains reserved characters.
-    * Example: {{{_query_:"{!dismax qf=myfield}how now brown cow"}}}
+   * Example: {{{_query_:"{!dismax qf=myfield}how now brown cow"}}}
  
  Although not technically a Syntax difference, please note that if you use the Solr "[[http://lucene.apache.org/solr/api/org/apache/solr/schema/DateField.html|DateField]]"
type, any queries on those fields (typically range queries) should use either the Complete
ISO 8601 Date syntax that field supports, or the [[http://lucene.apache.org/solr/api/org/apache/solr/util/DateMathParser.html|DateMath]]
Syntax to get relative dates.  Examples:
  
-    * {{{timestamp:[* TO NOW]}}}
+  * {{{timestamp:[* TO NOW]}}}
-    * {{{createdate:[1976-03-06T23:59:59.999Z TO *]}}}
+  * {{{createdate:[1976-03-06T23:59:59.999Z TO *]}}}
-    * {{{createdate:[1995-12-31T23:59:59.999Z TO 2007-03-06T00:00:00Z]}}}
+  * {{{createdate:[1995-12-31T23:59:59.999Z TO 2007-03-06T00:00:00Z]}}}
-    * {{{pubdate:[NOW-1YEAR/DAY TO NOW/DAY+1DAY]}}}
+  * {{{pubdate:[NOW-1YEAR/DAY TO NOW/DAY+1DAY]}}}
-    * {{{createdate:[1976-03-06T23:59:59.999Z TO 1976-03-06T23:59:59.999Z+1YEAR]}}}
+  * {{{createdate:[1976-03-06T23:59:59.999Z TO 1976-03-06T23:59:59.999Z+1YEAR]}}}
-    * {{{createdate:[1976-03-06T23:59:59.999Z/YEAR TO 1976-03-06T23:59:59.999Z]}}}
+  * {{{createdate:[1976-03-06T23:59:59.999Z/YEAR TO 1976-03-06T23:59:59.999Z]}}}
  
  '''NOTE''':TO must be uppercase, or Solr will report a 'Range Goop' error.
  
  = Dismax and eDismax Query Parser =
- The (e)dismax query parser provides query time field level boosting granularity, with less
special syntax.  (e)Dismax generally makes the best first choice query parser for user facing
Solr applications.  The (e)dismax handler parameters are described in detail here: [[DisMaxQParserPlugin]]
and [[ExtendedDisMax]].
+ The (e)dismax query parser provides query time field level boosting granularity, with less
special syntax.  (e)Dismax generally makes the best first choice query parser for user facing
Solr applications.  The (e)dismax handler parameters are described in detail here: [[DisMaxQParserPlugin]]
and ExtendedDisMax.
  
  = Other built-in useful query parsers =
- 
-   * [[http://lucene.apache.org/solr/api/org/apache/solr/search/FunctionQParserPlugin.html|func]]
- create a function query
+  * [[http://lucene.apache.org/solr/api/org/apache/solr/search/FunctionQParserPlugin.html|func]]
- create a function query
-   * [[http://lucene.apache.org/solr/api/org/apache/solr/search/BoostQParserPlugin.html|boost]]
- boost a query by a function query
+  * [[http://lucene.apache.org/solr/api/org/apache/solr/search/BoostQParserPlugin.html|boost]]
- boost a query by a function query
-   * [[http://lucene.apache.org/solr/api/org/apache/solr/search/FunctionRangeQParserPlugin.html|frange]]
- functions as range filters, also see this [[http://www.lucidimagination.com/blog/2009/07/06/ranges-over-functions-in-solr-14|intro
blog]]
+  * [[http://lucene.apache.org/solr/api/org/apache/solr/search/FunctionRangeQParserPlugin.html|frange]]
- functions as range filters, also see this [[http://www.lucidimagination.com/blog/2009/07/06/ranges-over-functions-in-solr-14|intro
blog]]
-   * [[http://lucene.apache.org/solr/api/org/apache/solr/search/FieldQParserPlugin.html|field]]
- simple field query
+  * [[http://lucene.apache.org/solr/api/org/apache/solr/search/FieldQParserPlugin.html|field]]
- simple field query
-   * [[http://lucene.apache.org/solr/api/org/apache/solr/search/PrefixQParserPlugin.html|prefix]]
- simple prefix query
+  * [[http://lucene.apache.org/solr/api/org/apache/solr/search/PrefixQParserPlugin.html|prefix]]
- simple prefix query
-   * [[http://lucene.apache.org/solr/api/org/apache/solr/search/RawQParserPlugin.html|raw]]
- create a term query from the input value without any text analysis or transformation whatsoever.
This is useful in debugging, or when raw terms are returned from the terms component (this
is not the default). also useful for debugging, or for avoiding query parser escaping madness
when drilling into facets on text or string fields via fq parameters. Note: use "term" for
this in Solr 4.0 or above.  Example: {{{ &fq={!raw f=field_name}crazy+\"field+value }}}
+  * [[http://lucene.apache.org/solr/api/org/apache/solr/search/RawQParserPlugin.html|raw]]
- create a term query from the input value without any text analysis or transformation whatsoever.
This is useful in debugging, or when raw terms are returned from the terms component (this
is not the default). also useful for debugging, or for avoiding query parser escaping madness
when drilling into facets on text or string fields via fq parameters. Note: use "term" for
this in Solr 4.0 or above.  Example: {{{ &fq={!raw f=field_name}crazy+\"field+value }}}
-   * <!> [[Solr4.0]] [[Solr3.2]] [[http://lucene.apache.org/solr/api/org/apache/solr/search/TermQParserPlugin.html|term]]
- term query, useful for avoiding query parser escaping madness when drilling into facets
via fq parameters.  Example: {{{ &fq={!term f=weight}1.5 }}}
+  * <!> [[Solr4.0]] [[Solr3.2]] [[http://lucene.apache.org/solr/api/org/apache/solr/search/TermQParserPlugin.html|term]]
- term query, useful for avoiding query parser escaping madness when drilling into facets
via fq parameters.  Example: {{{ &fq={!term f=weight}1.5 }}}
-   * <!> [[Solr4.0]] [[SurroundQueryParser|surround]] - rich !SpanQuery support
+  * <!> [[Solr4.0]] [[SurroundQueryParser|surround]] - rich !SpanQuery support
-   * [[http://lucene.apache.org/solr/api/org/apache/solr/search/NestedQParserPlugin.html|query]]
- nested query parsing
+  * [[http://lucene.apache.org/solr/api/org/apache/solr/search/NestedQParserPlugin.html|query]]
- nested query parsing
  
  See also SolrPlugins for information on writing your own query parser.
  
  <<Anchor(urlescaping)>>
+ 
  = NOTE: URL Escaping Special Characters =
+ Please note that many characters in the Solr Query Syntax (most notable the plus sign: "`+`")
are special characters in URLs, so when constructing request URLs manually, you must properly
URL-Encode these characters.
  
- Please note that many characters in the Solr Query Syntax (most notable the plus sign: "`+`")
are special characters in URLs, so when constructing request URLs manually, you must properly
URL-Encode these characters.
  {{{
                                       q=  +popularity:[10   TO   *]     +section:0
     http://localhost:8983/solr/select?q=%2Bpopularity:[10%20TO%20*]%20%2Bsection:0
  }}}
+ = For more information =
+  * See Yonik Seeley's blog on [[http://www.lucidimagination.com/blog/2009/03/31/nested-queries-in-solr/|Nested
Queries in Solr]]
  
- = For more information =
- 
-   * See Yonik Seeley's blog on [[http://www.lucidimagination.com/blog/2009/03/31/nested-queries-in-solr/|Nested
Queries in Solr]]
- 

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