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From Paul Smith <psm...@aconex.com>
Subject Sorting, RuleBasedCollater, and synchronization bottleneck
Date Wed, 14 Feb 2007 08:03:07 GMT
Hi ho peoples.

We have an application that is internationalized, and stores data  
from many languages (each project has it's own index, mostly aligned  
with a single language, maybe 2).

Anyway, I've noticed during some thread dumps diagnosing some  
performance issues, that there appears to be a _potential_  
synchronization bottleneck using Locale-based sorting of Strings.  I  
don't think this problem is the root cause of our performance  
problem, but I thought I'd mention it here.  Here's the stack dump of  
a thread waiting:

"http-1001-Processor245" daemon prio=1 tid=0x31434da0 nid=0x3744  
waiting for monitor entry [0x2cd44000..0x2cd45f30]
         at java.text.RuleBasedCollator.compare(RuleBasedCollator.java)
         - waiting to lock <0x6b1e8c68> (a java.text.RuleBasedCollator)
         at org.apache.lucene.search.FieldSortedHitQueue$4.compare 
(FieldSortedHitQueue.java:320)
         at org.apache.lucene.search.FieldSortedHitQueue.lessThan 
(FieldSortedHitQueue.java:114)
         at org.apache.lucene.util.PriorityQueue.upHeap 
(PriorityQueue.java:120)
         at org.apache.lucene.util.PriorityQueue.put 
(PriorityQueue.java:47)
         at org.apache.lucene.util.PriorityQueue.insert 
(PriorityQueue.java:58)
         at org.apache.lucene.search.FieldSortedHitQueue.insert 
(FieldSortedHitQueue.java:90)
         at org.apache.lucene.search.FieldSortedHitQueue.insert 
(FieldSortedHitQueue.java:97)
         at org.apache.lucene.search.TopFieldDocCollector.collect 
(TopFieldDocCollector.java:47)
         at org.apache.lucene.search.BooleanScorer2.score 
(BooleanScorer2.java:291)
         at org.apache.lucene.search.IndexSearcher.search 
(IndexSearcher.java:132)
         at org.apache.lucene.search.IndexSearcher.search 
(IndexSearcher.java:110)
         at com.aconex.index.search.FastLocaleSortIndexSearcher.search 
(FastLocaleSortIndexSearcher.java:90)
.....

In our case we had 12 threads waiting like this, while one thread had  
the lock on the RuleBasedCollator.  Turns out  
RuleBasedCollator's.compare(...) method is synchronized.  I wonder if  
a ThreadLocal based collator would be better here... ?  There doesn't  
appear to be a reason for other threads searching the same index to  
wait on this sort.  Be just as easy to use their own.  (Is  
RuleBasedCollator a "heavy" object memory wise?  Wouldn't have  
thought so, per thread)

Thoughts?


Paul Smith
Engineering Manager

Aconex
The easy way to save time and money on your project

696 Bourke Street, Melbourne,
VIC 3000, Australia
Tel: +61 3 9240 0200  Fax: +61 3 9240 0299
Email: psmith@aconex.com  www.aconex.com

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