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From "Michael McCandless (JIRA)" <>
Subject [jira] [Updated] (LUCENE-7563) BKD index should compress unused leading bytes
Date Tue, 22 Nov 2016 17:43:58 GMT


Michael McCandless updated LUCENE-7563:
    Attachment: LUCENE-7563.patch

Initial patch, compacting (at indexing time) the long[] leafBlockFPs
and byte[] splitPackedValues in the current BKD index, into a smaller
packed byte[] structure.

I still have a number of nocommits but the core idea seems to be
working ... Lucene's tests pass at least once.

At first I prototyped using an FST to compact the binary tree index,
and it reduced quite a bit, but then I realized even FST has some
annoying inefficiency for this usage, so I made this dedicated packed
byte[] structure instead which compressed even better.

On our nightly 20M NYC taxis benchmark
this reduces heap usage by ~60%.

It compresses N>1 dimension too but I haven't tested by how much...

The structure should work very well for apps that e.g. index a short
as if it were a long, prefix-coding away all those leading 0s.  It
takes advantage of how the BKD tree is traversed at search time,
always starting at root and pushing down to children.

Separately, I think we could consider increasing the max leaf block size
from 1024 points to maybe 2048 or 4096 points ... I'll open a new
issue for that.

> BKD index should compress unused leading bytes
> ----------------------------------------------
>                 Key: LUCENE-7563
>                 URL:
>             Project: Lucene - Core
>          Issue Type: Improvement
>            Reporter: Michael McCandless
>             Fix For: master (7.0), 6.4
>         Attachments: LUCENE-7563.patch
> Today the BKD (points) in-heap index always uses {{dimensionNumBytes}} per dimension,
but if e.g. you are indexing {{LongPoint}} yet only use the bottom two bytes in a given segment,
we shouldn't store all those leading 0s in the index.

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