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From "Dawid Weiss (Commented) (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] [Commented] (LUCENE-3867) RamUsageEstimator.NUM_BYTES_ARRAY_HEADER and other constants are incorrect
Date Mon, 26 Mar 2012 08:28:31 GMT

    [ https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/LUCENE-3867?page=com.atlassian.jira.plugin.system.issuetabpanels:comment-tabpanel&focusedCommentId=13238203#comment-13238203
] 

Dawid Weiss commented on LUCENE-3867:
-------------------------------------

For historical records: the previous implementation of RamUsageEstimator was off by anything
between 3% (random size objects, including arrays) to 20% (objects smaller than 80 bytes).
Again -- these are "perfect scenario" measurements with empty heap and max. allocation until
OOM, with a serial GC. With a concurrent and parallel GCs the memory consumption estimation
is still accurate but it's nearly impossible to tell when an OOM will occur or how the GC
will manage the heap space. 
                
> RamUsageEstimator.NUM_BYTES_ARRAY_HEADER and other constants are incorrect
> --------------------------------------------------------------------------
>
>                 Key: LUCENE-3867
>                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/LUCENE-3867
>             Project: Lucene - Java
>          Issue Type: Bug
>          Components: core/index
>            Reporter: Shai Erera
>            Assignee: Uwe Schindler
>            Priority: Trivial
>             Fix For: 3.6, 4.0
>
>         Attachments: LUCENE-3867-3.x.patch, LUCENE-3867-compressedOops.patch, LUCENE-3867.patch,
LUCENE-3867.patch, LUCENE-3867.patch, LUCENE-3867.patch, LUCENE-3867.patch, LUCENE-3867.patch,
LUCENE-3867.patch, LUCENE-3867.patch, LUCENE-3867.patch, LUCENE-3867.patch, LUCENE-3867.patch,
LUCENE-3867.patch, LUCENE-3867.patch, LUCENE-3867.patch, LUCENE-3867.patch, LUCENE-3867.patch,
LUCENE-3867.patch, LUCENE-3867.patch, LUCENE-3867.patch
>
>
> RamUsageEstimator.NUM_BYTES_ARRAY_HEADER is computed like that: NUM_BYTES_OBJECT_HEADER
+ NUM_BYTES_INT + NUM_BYTES_OBJECT_REF. The NUM_BYTES_OBJECT_REF part should not be included,
at least not according to this page: http://www.javamex.com/tutorials/memory/array_memory_usage.shtml
> {quote}
> A single-dimension array is a single object. As expected, the array has the usual object
header. However, this object head is 12 bytes to accommodate a four-byte array length. Then
comes the actual array data which, as you might expect, consists of the number of elements
multiplied by the number of bytes required for one element, depending on its type. The memory
usage for one element is 4 bytes for an object reference ...
> {quote}
> While on it, I wrote a sizeOf(String) impl, and I wonder how do people feel about including
such helper methods in RUE, as static, stateless, methods? It's not perfect, there's some
room for improvement I'm sure, here it is:
> {code}
> 	/**
> 	 * Computes the approximate size of a String object. Note that if this object
> 	 * is also referenced by another object, you should add
> 	 * {@link RamUsageEstimator#NUM_BYTES_OBJECT_REF} to the result of this
> 	 * method.
> 	 */
> 	public static int sizeOf(String str) {
> 		return 2 * str.length() + 6 // chars + additional safeness for arrays alignment
> 				+ 3 * RamUsageEstimator.NUM_BYTES_INT // String maintains 3 integers
> 				+ RamUsageEstimator.NUM_BYTES_ARRAY_HEADER // char[] array
> 				+ RamUsageEstimator.NUM_BYTES_OBJECT_HEADER; // String object
> 	}
> {code}
> If people are not against it, I'd like to also add sizeOf(int[] / byte[] / long[] / double[]
... and String[]).

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