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From "Trejkaz (JIRA)" <>
Subject [jira] [Commented] (LUCENE-3358) StandardTokenizer disposes of Hiragana combining mark dakuten instead of attaching it to the character it belongs to
Date Fri, 05 Aug 2011 01:20:27 GMT


Trejkaz commented on LUCENE-3358:

Thanks for such a fast fix! :D  (I will still wait for 3.4 because it will make backwards-compat
much simpler.)

I am aware of the Unicode word breaking rules and read the standard through, which is where
I discovered that the non-breaking of Katakana was part of the standard (which is why I haven't
filed it as a bug or improvement about that as well.)  It is very unfortunate that the Unicode
Consortium somehow ended up with a rule which is, quite frankly, undesirable. When I brought
the change up with Japanese users, they were 100% against that behaviour, so it's a wonder
that the standard got past the Japanese without any objections (I am, of course, assuming
that they actually consulted an expert in the language.)  But breaking it up as a separate
filter isn't so hard.  It's only a single Unicode area with few combining marks, so the logic
is not that difficult and StandardTokenizer even marks the token as katakana for us.

> StandardTokenizer disposes of Hiragana combining mark dakuten instead of attaching it
to the character it belongs to
> --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
>                 Key: LUCENE-3358
>                 URL:
>             Project: Lucene - Java
>          Issue Type: Bug
>    Affects Versions: 3.3
>            Reporter: Trejkaz
>            Assignee: Robert Muir
>             Fix For: 3.4, 4.0
>         Attachments: LUCENE-3358.patch, LUCENE-3358.patch
> Lucene 3.3 (possibly 3.1 onwards) exhibits less than great behaviour for tokenising hiragana,
if combining marks are in use.
> Here's a unit test:
> {code}
>     @Test
>     public void testHiraganaWithCombiningMarkDakuten() throws Exception
>     {
>         // Hiragana 'S' following by the combining mark dakuten
>         TokenStream stream = new StandardTokenizer(Version.LUCENE_33, new StringReader("\u3055\u3099"));
>         // Should be kept together.
>         List<String> expectedTokens = Arrays.asList("\u3055\u3099");
>         List<String> actualTokens = new LinkedList<String>();
>         CharTermAttribute term = stream.addAttribute(CharTermAttribute.class);
>         while (stream.incrementToken())
>         {
>             actualTokens.add(term.toString());
>         }
>         assertEquals("Wrong tokens", expectedTokens, actualTokens);
>     }
> {code}
> This code fails with:
> {noformat}
> java.lang.AssertionError: Wrong tokens expected:<[ざ]> but was:<[さ]>
> {noformat}
> It seems as if the tokeniser is throwing away the combining mark entirely.
> 3.0's behaviour was also undesirable:
> {noformat}
> java.lang.AssertionError: Wrong tokens expected:<[ざ]> but was:<[さ, ゙]>
> {noformat}
> But at least the token was there, so it was possible to write a filter to work around
the issue.
> Katakana seems to be avoiding this particular problem, because all katakana and combining
marks found in a single run seem to be lumped into a single token (this is a problem in its
own right, but I'm not sure if it's really a bug.)

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