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From Michael Busch <>
Subject Re: Proposal about Version API "relaxation"
Date Tue, 13 Apr 2010 21:22:34 GMT
I agree with Uwe.  We shouldn't use non-final public statics.

Thinking out loud:  Could IndexWriter/IndexReader propagate the Version 
to the downstream classes (e.g. IndexWriter to Analyzers, IndexReader to 
queries) if not previously explicitly set?

E.g. an IndexWriter calls setVersion on an analyzer before it uses it, 
which only has an effect if it wasn't set before by the Analyzer's 
constructor that takes a version?


On 4/13/10 9:41 AM, Uwe Schindler wrote:
> Hi Shai,
> one of the problem I have is: That is a static default! We want to get 
> rid of them (and did it mostly, only some relicts remain), so there 
> are no plans to reimplement such a thing again. The badest one is 
> BooleanQuery.maxClauseCount. The same applies to all types of 
> sysprops. As Lucene and solr is mostly running in servlet containers, 
> this type of thing  makes web applications no longer isolated. This is 
> also a general contract for libraries: never ever rely on sysprops or 
> statics.
> Uwe
> -----
> Uwe Schindler
> H.-H.-Meier-Allee 63, D-28213 Bremen
> <>
> eMail:
> *From:* Shai Erera []
> *Sent:* Tuesday, April 13, 2010 5:27 PM
> *To:*
> *Subject:* Proposal about Version API "relaxation"
> Hi
> I'd like to propose a relaxation on the Version API. Uwe, please read 
> the entire email before you reply :).
> I was thinking, following a question on the user list, that the 
> Version-based API may not be very intuitive to users, especially those 
> who don't care about versioning, as well as very inconvenient. So 
> there are two issues here:
> 1) How should one use Version smartly so that he keeps backwards 
> compatibility. I think we all know the answer, but a Wiki page with 
> some "best practices" tips would really help users use it.
> 2) How can one write sane code, which doesn't pass versions all over 
> the place if: (1) he doesn't care about versions, or (2) he cares, and 
> sets the Version to the same value in his app, in all places.
> Also, I think that today we offer a flexibility to users, to set 
> different Versions on different objects in the life span of their 
> application - which is a good flexibility but can also lead people to 
> shoot themselves in the legs if they're not careful -- e.g. upgrading 
> Version across their app, but failing to do so for one or two places ...
> So the change I'd like to propose is to mostly alleviate (2) and 
> better protect users - I DO NOT PROPOSE TO GET RID OF Version :).
> I was thinking that we can add on Version a DEFAULT version, which the 
> caller can set. So Version.setDefault and Version.getDefault will be 
> added, as static members (more on the static-ness of it later). We 
> then change the API which requires Version to also expose an API which 
> doesn't require it, and that API will call Version.getDefault(). 
> People can use it if they want to ...
> Few points:
> 1) As a default DEFAULT Version is controversial, I don't want to 
> propose it, even though I think Lucene can define the DEFAULT to be 
> the latest. Instead, I propose that Version.getDefault throw a 
> DefaultVersionNotSetException if it wasn't set, while an API which 
> relies on the default Version is called (I don't want to return null, 
> not sure how safe it is).
> 2) That DEFAULT Version is static, which means it will affect all 
> indexing code running inside the JVM. Which is fine:
> 2.1) Perhaps all the indexing code should use the same Version
> 2.2) If you know that's not the case, then pass Version to the API 
> which requires it - you cannot use the 'default Version' API -- 
> nothing changes for you.
> One case is missing -- you might not know if your code is the only 
> indexing code which runs in the JVM ... I don't have a solution to 
> that, but I think it'll be revealed pretty quickly, and you can change 
> your code then ...
> So to summarize - the current Version API will remain and people can 
> still use it. The DEFAULT Version API is meant for convenience for 
> those who don't want to pass Version everywhere, for the reasons I 
> outlined above. This will also clean our test code significantly, as 
> the tests will set the DEFAULT version to TEST_VERSION_CURRENT at 
> start ...
> The changes to the Version class will be very simple.
> If people think that's acceptable, I can open an issue and work on it.
> Shai

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