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From "Michael McCandless (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] Commented: (LUCENE-2293) IndexWriter has hard limit on max concurrency
Date Fri, 05 Mar 2010 10:24:32 GMT

    [ https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/LUCENE-2293?page=com.atlassian.jira.plugin.system.issuetabpanels:comment-tabpanel&focusedCommentId=12841800#action_12841800
] 

Michael McCandless commented on LUCENE-2293:
--------------------------------------------

bq. I think in the future deletes in DW could work like this: 

This approach looks great Michael! Allows you to efficiently share a single int[] for deletions
across many reopened RAM segment readers. 

How will we handle flushing? Ie, when a RAM segment is flushed to disk, it'd have to remain
alive so long as a reader is still using it? Which means we can't recycle its buffers until
all open readers using it are closed? Or... we could forcefully somehow cut it over to the
identical now-on-disk segment? 

This is a great approach for speeding up NRT -- NRT readers will no longer have to flush.
It's similar in spirit to LUCENE-1313, but that issue is still flushing segments (but, into
an intermediate RAMDir).

> IndexWriter has hard limit on max concurrency
> ---------------------------------------------
>
>                 Key: LUCENE-2293
>                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/LUCENE-2293
>             Project: Lucene - Java
>          Issue Type: Bug
>          Components: Index
>            Reporter: Michael McCandless
>            Assignee: Michael McCandless
>             Fix For: 3.1
>
>
> DocumentsWriter has this nasty hardwired constant:
> {code}
> private final static int MAX_THREAD_STATE = 5;
> {code}
> which probably I should have attached a //nocommit to the moment I
> wrote it ;)
> That constant sets the max number of thread states to 5.  This means,
> if more than 5 threads enter IndexWriter at once, they will "share"
> only 5 thread states, meaning we gate CPU concurrency to 5 running
> threads inside IW (each thread must first wait for the last thread to
> finish using the thread state before grabbing it).
> This is bad because modern hardware can make use of more than 5
> threads.  So I think an immediate fix is to make this settable
> (expert), and increase the default (8?).
> It's tricky, though, because the more thread states, the less RAM
> efficiency you have, meaning the worse indexing throughput.  So you
> shouldn't up and set this to 50: you'll be flushing too often.
> But... I think a better fix is to re-think how threads write state
> into DocumentsWriter.  Today, a single docID stream is assigned across
> threads (eg one thread gets docID=0, next one docID=1, etc.), and each
> thread writes to a private RAM buffer (living in the thread state),
> and then on flush we do a merge sort.  The merge sort is inefficient
> (does not currently use a PQ)... and, wasteful because we must
> re-decode every posting byte.
> I think we could change this, so that threads write to private RAM
> buffers, with a private docID stream, but then instead of merging on
> flush, we directly flush each thread as its own segment (and, allocate
> private docIDs to each thread).  We can then leave merging to CMS
> which can already run merges in the BG without blocking ongoing
> indexing (unlike the merge we do in flush, today).
> This would also allow us to separately flush thread states.  Ie, we
> need not flush all thread states at once -- we can flush one when it
> gets too big, and then let the others keep running.  This should be a
> good concurrency gain since is uses IO & CPU resources "throughout"
> indexing instead of "big burst of CPU only" then "big burst of IO
> only" that we have today (flush today "stops the world").
> One downside I can think of is... docIDs would now be "less
> monotonic", meaning if N threads are indexing, you'll roughly get
> in-time-order assignment of docIDs.  But with this change, all of one
> thread state would get 0..N docIDs, the next thread state'd get
> N+1...M docIDs, etc.  However, a single thread would still get
> monotonic assignment of docIDs.

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