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From "Uwe Schindler (JIRA)" <>
Subject [jira] Commented: (LUCENE-2271) Function queries producing scores of -inf or NaN (e.g. 1/x) return incorrect results with TopScoreDocCollector
Date Sat, 20 Feb 2010 21:40:27 GMT


Uwe Schindler commented on LUCENE-2271:

I did some benchmarks (will do more tomorrow when i set up a large testing environment with
3 separate checkouts containing the three collector versions):
- The latest approach (
with no sentinels using the delegation and exchanging the inner collector was as fast as the
original unpatched version
- The approach with sentinels but fixed HitQueue ordering and extra checks (,
showed (as exspected) a little overhead: The ordered collector was as fast as the unpatched
unordered collector (because one check more) - so i would not use this patch

> Function queries producing scores of -inf or NaN (e.g. 1/x) return incorrect results
with TopScoreDocCollector
> --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
>                 Key: LUCENE-2271
>                 URL:
>             Project: Lucene - Java
>          Issue Type: Improvement
>          Components: Search
>    Affects Versions: 2.9
>            Reporter: Uwe Schindler
>            Priority: Minor
>             Fix For: 2.9.2, 3.0.1, 3.1
>         Attachments: LUCENE-2271-bench.patch, LUCENE-2271.patch, LUCENE-2271.patch, LUCENE-2271.patch,
> This is a foolowup to LUCENE-2270, where a part of this problem was fixed (boost = 0
leading to NaN scores, which is also un-intuitive), but in general, function queries in Solr
can create these invalid scores easily. In previous version of Lucene these scores ordered
correct (except NaN, which mixes up results), but never invalid document ids are returned
(like Integer.MAX_VALUE).
> The problem is: TopScoreDocCollector pre-fills the HitQueue with sentinel ScoreDocs with
a score of -inf and a doc id of Integer.MAX_VALUE. For the HQ to work, this sentinel must
be smaller than all posible values, which is not the case:
> - -inf is equal and the document is not inserted into the HQ, as not competitive, but
the HQ is not yet full, so the sentinel values keep in the HQ and result is the Integer.MAX_VALUE
docs. This problem is solveable (and only affects the Ordered collector) by chaning the exit
condition to:
> {code}
> if (score <= pqTop.score && pqTop.doc != Integer.MAX_VALUE) {
>     // Since docs are returned in-order (i.e., increasing doc Id), a document
>     // with equal score to pqTop.score cannot compete since HitQueue favors
>     // documents with lower doc Ids. Therefore reject those docs too.
>     return;
> }
> {code}
> - The NaN case can be fixed in the same way, but then has another problem: all comparisons
with NaN result in false (none of these is true): x < NaN, x > NaN, NaN == NaN. This
leads to the fact that HQ's lessThan always returns false, leading to unexspected ordering
in the PQ and sometimes the sentinel values do not stay at the top of the queue. A later hit
then overrides the top of the queue but leaves the incorrect sentinels  unchanged -> invalid
results. This can be fixed in two ways in HQ:
> Force all sentinels to the top:
> {code}
> protected final boolean lessThan(ScoreDoc hitA, ScoreDoc hitB) {
>     if (hitA.doc == Integer.MAX_VALUE)
>       return true;
>     if (hitB.doc == Integer.MAX_VALUE)
>       return false;
>     if (hitA.score == hitB.score)
>       return hitA.doc > hitB.doc; 
>     else
>       return hitA.score < hitB.score;
> }
> {code}
> or alternatively have a defined order for NaN ( sorts them after +inf):
> {code}
> protected final boolean lessThan(ScoreDoc hitA, ScoreDoc hitB) {
>     if (hitA.score == hitB.score)
>       return hitA.doc > hitB.doc; 
>     else
>       return, hitB.score) < 0;
> }
> {code}
> The problem with both solutions is, that we have now more comparisons per hit and the
use of sentinels is questionable. I would like to remove the sentinels and use the old pre
2.9 code for comparing and using PQ.add() when a competitive hit arrives. The order of NaN
would be unspecified.
> To fix the order of NaN, it would be better to replace all score comparisons by
[also in FieldComparator].
> I would like to delay 2.9.2 and 3.0.1 until this problem is discussed and solved.

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