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From "Andrzej Bialecki (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] Created: (LUCENE-1812) Static index pruning by in-document term frequency (Carmel pruning)
Date Sat, 15 Aug 2009 14:58:14 GMT
Static index pruning by in-document term frequency (Carmel pruning)
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                 Key: LUCENE-1812
                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/LUCENE-1812
             Project: Lucene - Java
          Issue Type: New Feature
          Components: contrib/*
    Affects Versions: 2.9
            Reporter: Andrzej Bialecki 


This module provides tools to produce a subset of input indexes by removing postings data
for those terms where their in-document frequency is below a specified threshold. The net
effect of this processing is a much smaller index that for common types of queries returns
nearly identical top-N results as compared with the original index, but with increased performance.


Optionally, stored values and term vectors can also be removed. This functionality is largely
independent, so it can be used without term pruning (when term freq. threshold is set to 1).

As the threshold value increases, the total size of the index decreases, search performance
increases, and recall decreases (i.e. search quality deteriorates). NOTE: especially phrase
recall deteriorates significantly at higher threshold values. 

Primary purpose of this class is to produce small first-tier indexes that fit completely in
RAM, and store these indexes using IndexWriter.addIndexes(IndexReader[]). Usually the performance
of this class will not be sufficient to use the resulting index view for on-the-fly pruning
and searching. 

NOTE: If the input index is optimized (i.e. doesn't contain deletions) then the index produced
via IndexWriter.addIndexes(IndexReader[]) will preserve internal document id-s so that they
are in sync with the original index. This means that all other auxiliary information not necessary
for first-tier processing, such as some stored fields, can also be removed, to be quickly
retrieved on-demand from the original index using the same internal document id. 

Threshold values can be specified globally (for terms in all fields) using defaultThreshold
parameter, and can be overriden using per-field or per-term values supplied in a thresholds
map. Keys in this map are either field names, or terms in field:text format. The precedence
of these values is the following: first a per-term threshold is used if present, then per-field
threshold if present, and finally the default threshold.

A command-line tool (PruningTool) is provided for convenience. At this moment it doesn't support
all functionality available through API.

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