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From "Ning Li (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] Updated: (LUCENE-565) Supporting deleteDocuments in IndexWriter (Code and Performance Results Provided)
Date Wed, 19 Jul 2006 00:33:15 GMT
     [ http://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/LUCENE-565?page=all ]

Ning Li updated LUCENE-565:
---------------------------

    Attachment: NewIndexWriter.July18.patch

Hopefully, third time's a charm. :-)

I rewrote IndexWriter in such a way that semantically it's the same as before, but it provides
extension points so that delete-by-term, delete-by-query, and more functionalities can be
easily supported in a subclass. NewIndexModifier is such a subclass that supports delete-by-term.

Here is an overview of the changes:

Changes to IndexWriter
Changes to IndexWriter variables:
  - segmentInfos used to store the info of all segments (on disk or in ram). Now it
    only stores the info of segments on disk.
  - ramSegmentInfos is a new variable which stores the info of just ram segments.
Changes to IndexWriter methods:
  - addDocument()
    The info of the new ram segment is added to ramSegmentInfos.
  - maybeMergeSegments()
    toFlushRamSegments() is called at the beginning to decide whether a flush should take
place.
  - flushRamSegments()
    doAfterFlushRamSegments() is called after all ram segments are merged and flushed to disk.

NewIndexModifier
New variables:
  - bufferedDeleteTerms is a new variable which buffers delete terms
    before they are applied.
  - maxBufferedDeleteTerms is similar to maxBufferedDocs. It controls
    the max number of delete terms that can be buffered before they
    must be flushed to disk.
Overloaded/new methods:
  - deleteDocuments(), batchDeleteDocuments()
    The terms are added to bufferedDeleteTerms. bufferedDeleteTerms
    also records the current number of documents buffered in ram,
    so the delete terms can be applied to ram segments as well as
    the segments on disk.
  - toFlushRamSegments()
    In IndexWriter, a flush would be triggered only if enough documents were
    buffered. Now a flush is triggered if enough documents are
    buffered OR if enough delete terms are buffered.
  - doAfterlushRamSegments()
    Step 1: Apply buffered delete terms to all the segments on disk.
    Step 2: Apply buffered delete terms to the new segment appropriately,
            so that a delete term is only applied to the documents
            buffered before it, but not to those buffered after it.
    Step 3: Clean up the buffered delete terms.

> Supporting deleteDocuments in IndexWriter (Code and Performance Results Provided)
> ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
>
>                 Key: LUCENE-565
>                 URL: http://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/LUCENE-565
>             Project: Lucene - Java
>          Issue Type: Bug
>          Components: Index
>            Reporter: Ning Li
>         Attachments: IndexWriter.java, IndexWriter.July09.patch, IndexWriter.patch, NewIndexModifier.July09.patch,
NewIndexWriter.July18.patch, TestWriterDelete.java
>
>
> Today, applications have to open/close an IndexWriter and open/close an
> IndexReader directly or indirectly (via IndexModifier) in order to handle a
> mix of inserts and deletes. This performs well when inserts and deletes
> come in fairly large batches. However, the performance can degrade
> dramatically when inserts and deletes are interleaved in small batches.
> This is because the ramDirectory is flushed to disk whenever an IndexWriter
> is closed, causing a lot of small segments to be created on disk, which
> eventually need to be merged.
> We would like to propose a small API change to eliminate this problem. We
> are aware that this kind change has come up in discusions before. See
> http://www.gossamer-threads.com/lists/lucene/java-dev/23049?search_string=indexwriter%20delete;#23049
> . The difference this time is that we have implemented the change and
> tested its performance, as described below.
> API Changes
> -----------
> We propose adding a "deleteDocuments(Term term)" method to IndexWriter.
> Using this method, inserts and deletes can be interleaved using the same
> IndexWriter.
> Note that, with this change it would be very easy to add another method to
> IndexWriter for updating documents, allowing applications to avoid a
> separate delete and insert to update a document.
> Also note that this change can co-exist with the existing APIs for deleting
> documents using an IndexReader. But if our proposal is accepted, we think
> those APIs should probably be deprecated.
> Coding Changes
> --------------
> Coding changes are localized to IndexWriter. Internally, the new
> deleteDocuments() method works by buffering the terms to be deleted.
> Deletes are deferred until the ramDirectory is flushed to disk, either
> because it becomes full or because the IndexWriter is closed. Using Java
> synchronization, care is taken to ensure that an interleaved sequence of
> inserts and deletes for the same document are properly serialized.
> We have attached a modified version of IndexWriter in Release 1.9.1 with
> these changes. Only a few hundred lines of coding changes are needed. All
> changes are commented by "CHANGE". We have also attached a modified version
> of an example from Chapter 2.2 of Lucene in Action.
> Performance Results
> -------------------
> To test the performance our proposed changes, we ran some experiments using
> the TREC WT 10G dataset. The experiments were run on a dual 2.4 Ghz Intel
> Xeon server running Linux. The disk storage was configured as RAID0 array
> with 5 drives. Before indexes were built, the input documents were parsed
> to remove the HTML from them (i.e., only the text was indexed). This was
> done to minimize the impact of parsing on performance. A simple
> WhitespaceAnalyzer was used during index build.
> We experimented with three workloads:
>   - Insert only. 1.6M documents were inserted and the final
>     index size was 2.3GB.
>   - Insert/delete (big batches). The same documents were
>     inserted, but 25% were deleted. 1000 documents were
>     deleted for every 4000 inserted.
>   - Insert/delete (small batches). In this case, 5 documents
>     were deleted for every 20 inserted.
>                                 current       current          new
> Workload                      IndexWriter  IndexModifier   IndexWriter
> -----------------------------------------------------------------------
> Insert only                     116 min       119 min        116 min
> Insert/delete (big batches)       --          135 min        125 min
> Insert/delete (small batches)     --          338 min        134 min
> As the experiments show, with the proposed changes, the performance
> improved by 60% when inserts and deletes were interleaved in small batches.
> Regards,
> Ning
> Ning Li
> Search Technologies
> IBM Almaden Research Center
> 650 Harry Road
> San Jose, CA 95120

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