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From "Stuart Lange (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] [Created] (LOG4NET-376) Race condition in AbsoluteTimeDateFormatter
Date Mon, 13 May 2013 16:19:16 GMT
Stuart Lange created LOG4NET-376:

             Summary: Race condition in AbsoluteTimeDateFormatter
                 Key: LOG4NET-376
                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/LOG4NET-376
             Project: Log4net
          Issue Type: Bug
    Affects Versions: 1.2.11
            Reporter: Stuart Lange

AbsoluteTimeDateFormatter's caching of the "to the second" timestamp string is not thread-safe.
 It is possible for one thread to clear the check (that this timestamp matches the currently
cached "to the second" timestamp), but then end up using an incorrect "to the second" timestamp
string if another thread has changed it in the meantime.

In our organization, we see this bug fairly regularly because we have a mix of "real time"
loggers that immediately write out log lines and "batching" loggers that defer logging to
a background task that runs every second.  We therefore regularly see log lines where the
timestamp is off by a second or two.

The following unit tests demonstrates the bug:

    public class Log4netTimestampBug
        /// <summary>
        /// This test demonstrates a bug with the log4net default time formatter (Iso8601DateFormatter)
        /// where the logged timestamp can be seconds off from the actual input timestamp
        /// The bug is caused to a race condition in the base class AbsoluteTimeDateFormatter
        /// because this class caches the timestamp string to the second but it is possible
        /// the timestamp as written by a different thread to "sneak in" and be used by another
        /// thread erroneously (the checking and usage of this string is not done under a
lock, only
        /// its modification) 
        /// </summary>
        public void Test()
            var now = DateTime.Now;
            var times = Enumerable.Range(1, 1000000).Select(i => now.AddMilliseconds(i)).ToList();

            var sb1 = new StringBuilder();
            var sb2 = new StringBuilder();

            var task1 = Task.Run(() => WriteAllTheTimes(times, new StringWriter(sb1)));
            var task2 = Task.Delay(50).ContinueWith(t => WriteAllTheTimes(times, new StringWriter(sb2)));

            Task.WaitAll(task1, task2);

            var task1Strings = GetTimeStrings(sb1);
            var task2Strings = GetTimeStrings(sb2);

            var diffs = Enumerable.Range(0, times.Count).Where(i => task1Strings[i] !=

            Console.WriteLine("found {0} instances where the formatted timestamps are not
the same", diffs.Count);

            var diffToLookAt = diffs.FirstOrDefault(i => i - 10 > 0 && i + 10
< times.Count);
            if (diffToLookAt != 0)
                Console.WriteLine("Example Diff:");
                Console.WriteLine("Index     Original Timestamp        Task 1 Format     
       Task 2 Format");
                for (int i = diffToLookAt - 10; i < diffToLookAt + 10; i++)
                    Console.WriteLine("{0,-7}   {1}   {2}   {3}   {4}", i, times[i].ToString("yyyy-MM-dd
                                      task1Strings[i], task2Strings[i], i == diffToLookAt
? "**** DIFF HERE ****" : "");

            CollectionAssert.AreEqual(task1Strings, task2Strings);

        private static List<string> GetTimeStrings(StringBuilder sb1)
            return sb1.ToString().Split(new[] {'\r', '\n'}, StringSplitOptions.RemoveEmptyEntries).ToList();

        private static void WriteAllTheTimes(IEnumerable<DateTime> times,
                                             TextWriter writer)
            var formatter = new Iso8601DateFormatter();
            foreach (var t in times)
                formatter.FormatDate(t, writer);

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