This document defines the bylaws under which the Apache Logging Services project operates. It defines the roles and responsibilities of the project, who may vote, how voting works, how conflicts are resolved, etc.
The Logging Services is a project of the Apache Software Foundation. The foundation holds the copyright on Apache code including the code in the Logging Services codebase. The foundation FAQ explains the operation and background of the foundation.
Logging Services is typical of Apache projects in that it operates under a set of principles, known collectively as the "Apache Way". If you are new to Apache development, please refer to the How the ASF Works for more information on how Apache projects operate.
Apache projects define a set of roles with associated rights and responsibilities. These roles govern what tasks an individual may perform within the project. The roles are defined in the following sections
The most important participants in the project are people who use our software. The majority of our developers start out as users and guide their development efforts from the user's perspective.
Users contribute to the Apache projects by providing feedback to developers in the form of bug reports and feature suggestions. As well, users participate in the Apache community by helping other users on mailing lists and user support forums.
Developers, also known as contributors, are volunteers contributing time, code, documentation, or resources to the Logging Services Project. A developer that makes sustained, welcome contributions to the project may be nominated for election as a Committer, though the timing depends on many factors.
Committers are responsible for a sub-project's technical management. All sub-project committers have write access to the sub-project's source repositories. Committers may cast binding votes on any technical discussion regarding the sub-project.
Committers are nominated by lazy consensus of the sub-project active committers and PMC members and confirmed by a lazy consensus of the active PMC members. A Committer is considered emeritus by their own declaration or by not contributing in any form to the sub-project for over six months. An emeritus committer may request reinstatement of commit access from the PMC. Such reinstatement is subject to lazy consensus of active PMC members.
Commit access can be revoked by a unanimous vote of all the active PMC members (except the committer in question if they are also a PMC member).
All Apache committers are required to have a signed Contributor License Agreement (CLA) on file with the Apache Software Foundation. There is a Committer FAQ which provides more details on the requirements for Committers.
A committer who makes a sustained contribution to the project may be invited to become a member of the PMC. The form of contribution is not limited to code. It can also include code review, helping out users on the mailing lists, documentation, etc.
The Project Management Committee (PMC) for Apache Logging Services was created by a resolution of the board of the Apache Software Foundation on 18th November 2002. The PMC is responsible to the board and the ASF for the management and oversight of the Apache Logging Services codebase. The responsibilities of the PMC include
Membership of the PMC is by invitation only and must be approved by a lazy consensus of active PMC members. A PMC member is considered "emeritus" by their own declaration or by not contributing in any form to the project for over six months. An emeritus member may request reinstatement to the PMC. Such reinstatement is subject to lazy consensus of the active PMC members. Membership of the PMC can be revoked by an unanimous vote of all the active PMC members other than the member in question.
The chair of the PMC is appointed by the ASF board. The chair is an office holder of the Apache Software Foundation (Vice President, Apache Logging Services) and has primary responsibility to the board for the management of the projects within the scope of the Logging Services PMC. The chair reports to the board quarterly on developments within the Logging Services project. The PMC may consider the position of PMC chair annually and if supported by 2/3 Majority may recommend a new chair to the board. Ultimately, however, it is the board's responsibility who it chooses to appoint as the PMC chair.
Within the Logging Services project, different types of decisions require different forms of approval. For example, the previous section describes several decisions which require "lazy consensus" approval. This section defines how voting is performed, the types of approvals, and which types of decision require which type of approval.
Decisions regarding the project are made by votes on the primary project mailing list (firstname.lastname@example.org). Where necessary, PMC voting may take place on the private Logging Services PMC mailing list. Votes are clearly indicated by subject line starting with [VOTE] or [PMC-VOTE]. Votes may contain multiple items for approval and these should be clearly separated. Voting is carried out by replying to the vote mail. Voting may take four flavours
|+1||"Yes," "Agree," or "the action should be performed." In general, this vote also indicates a willingness on the behalf of the voter in "making it happen"|
|+0||This vote indicates a willingness for the action under consideration to go ahead. The voter, however will not be able to help.|
|-0||This vote indicates that the voter does not, in general, agree with the proposed action but is not concerned enough to prevent the action going ahead.|
|-1||This is a negative vote. On issues where consensus is required, this vote counts as a veto. All vetoes must contain an explanation of why the veto is appropriate. Vetoes with no explanation are void. It may also be appropriate for a -1 vote to include an alternative course of action.|
All participants in the Logging Services project are encouraged to express their opinion on a particular action by voting, though for each type of action only certain classes of voters cast binding votes. Non binding votes are still useful for those with binding votes to understand the perception of an action in the wider Logging Services community.
Voting can also be applied to changes made to the Logging Services codebase. These typically take the form of a veto (-1) in reply to the commit message sent when the commit is made.
These are the types of approvals that can be sought. Different actions require different types of approvals
|Consensus||For this to pass, all voters with binding votes must vote and there can be no binding vetoes (-1). Consensus votes are rarely required due to the impracticality of getting all eligible voters to cast a vote.|
|Lazy Consensus||Lazy consensus requires 3 binding +1 votes and no binding vetoes.|
|Lazy Majority||A lazy majority vote requires 3 binding +1 votes and more binding +1 votes that -1 votes.|
|Lazy Approval||An action with lazy approval is implicitly allowed unless a -1 vote is received, at which time, depending on the type of action, either lazy majority or lazy consensus approval must be obtained.|
|2/3 Majority||Some actions require a 2/3 majority of active committers or PMC members to pass. Such actions typically affect the foundation of the project (e.g. adopting a new codebase to replace an existing product). The higher threshold is designed to ensure such changes are strongly supported. To pass this vote requires at least 2/3 of binding vote holders to vote +1|
A valid, binding veto cannot be overruled. If a veto is cast, it must be accompanied by a valid reason explaining the reasons for the veto. The validity of a veto, if challenged, can be confirmed by anyone who has a binding vote. This does not necessarily signify agreement with the veto - merely that the veto is valid.
If you disagree with a valid veto, you must lobby the person casting the veto to withdraw their veto. If a veto is not withdrawn, the action that has been vetoed must be reversed in a timely manner.
This section describes the various actions which are undertaken within the project, the corresponding approval required for that action and those who have binding votes over the action.
|Code Change||A proposed or committed change to the codebase of a sub-project including source code, documentation, website content, etc.||Public sub-project list||Lazy approval and then lazy consensus.||Sub-project active committers and active PMC members.|
|Release Plan||Defines the timetable, actions and release manager for a product release.||Public sub-project list||Lazy majority||Sub-project active committers and active PMC members.|
|Product Release Candidate||Submission of a product release candidate to the PMC.||Public sub-project list||Lazy majority||Sub-project active committers and active PMC members.|
|Product Release||Acceptance of a product release candidate as an official release of the Logging Services project. This vote ensures overall supervision of sub-projects by the Logging Services PMC.||Public sub-project list||Lazy Majority||Active PMC members|
|Sub-project Lifecycle||Creation of sub-project, acceptance of a sub-project from another ASF project, replacement of existing, released product with an alternative codebase, proposing sub-project as top-level ASF project, or terminating project.||Public general or Private PMC list||2/3 majority||Active PMC members|
|Modification of the Bylaws||Modification of this document.||Public general list||2/3 majority||Active PMC members|
|New Committer Nomination||Nomination of a sub-project contributor to the PMC for advancement to sub-project committer.||Public sub-project list||Lazy consensus||Sub-project active committers and active PMC members.|
|New Committer Confirmation||Confirmation of nominated sub-project committer candidate.||Private PMC list||Lazy consensus||Active PMC members.|
|New PMC Member||Election of a new PMC Member.||Private PMC list||Lazy consensus||Active PMC members|
Revocation of commit privileges. Committer shall refrain from committing during vote or commit privileges may be suspended until conclusion of vote.
Note: Such actions will also be referred to the ASF board by the PMC chair
|Private PMC list||Consensus||Active PMC members (excluding the committer in question if a member of the PMC).|
|PMC Member Removal||
Removal of a PMC member. PMC member shall refrain from committing during vote or commit privileges may be suspended until conclusion of vote.
Note: Such actions will also be referred to the ASF board by the PMC chair
|Private PMC list||Consensus||Active PMC members (excluding the member in question).|
Votes are open for a period of 72 hours to allow all active voters time to consider the vote. Votes relating to code changes are not subject to a strict timetable but should be made as timely as possible.