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From "Jun Rao (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] [Commented] (KAFKA-3693) Race condition between highwatermark-checkpoint thread and handleLeaderAndIsrRequest at broker start-up
Date Fri, 10 Jun 2016 01:01:21 GMT

    [ https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/KAFKA-3693?page=com.atlassian.jira.plugin.system.issuetabpanels:comment-tabpanel&focusedCommentId=15323675#comment-15323675

Jun Rao commented on KAFKA-3693:

[~maysamyabandeh], the controller detects broker failure through ZK watchers. Every broker
registers a path in ZK on startup, and deletes that path on shutdown. The controller will
be notified when a broker registration path in ZK is added or deleted. It's not very clear
to me why the controller didn't detect the failure of broker 16. Currently, we have a known
issue that if a broker is restarted too quickly, the controller could miss the change and
think that the broker never went down. Did that happen?

Also, what's the output from broker 16 when it's shutdown? I am still curious why the shutdown
takes 37 minutes to complete.

> Race condition between highwatermark-checkpoint thread and handleLeaderAndIsrRequest
at broker start-up
> -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
>                 Key: KAFKA-3693
>                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/KAFKA-3693
>             Project: Kafka
>          Issue Type: Bug
>          Components: core
>    Affects Versions:
>            Reporter: Maysam Yabandeh
> Upon broker start-up, a race between highwatermark-checkpoint thread to write replication-offset-checkpoint
file and handleLeaderAndIsrRequest thread reading from it causes the highwatermark for some
partitions to be reset to 0. In the good case, this results the replica to truncate its entire
log to 0 and hence initiates fetching of terabytes of data from the lead broker, which sometimes
leads to hours of downtime. We observed the bad cases that the reset offset can propagate
to recovery-point-offset-checkpoint file, making a lead broker to truncate the file. This
seems to have the potential to lead to data loss if the truncation happens at both follower
and leader brokers.
> This is the particular faulty scenario manifested in our tests:
> # The broker restarts and receive LeaderAndIsr from the controller
> # LeaderAndIsr message however does not contain all the partitions (probably because
other brokers were churning at the same time)
> # becomeLeaderOrFollower calls getOrCreatePartition and updates the allPartitions with
the partitions included in the LeaderAndIsr message {code}
>   def getOrCreatePartition(topic: String, partitionId: Int): Partition = {
>     var partition = allPartitions.get((topic, partitionId))
>     if (partition == null) {
>       allPartitions.putIfNotExists((topic, partitionId), new Partition(topic, partitionId,
time, this))
> {code}
> # replication-offset-checkpoint jumps in taking a snapshot of (the partial) allReplicas'
high watermark into replication-offset-checkpoint file {code}  def checkpointHighWatermarks()
>     val replicas = allPartitions.values.map(_.getReplica(config.brokerId)).collect{case
Some(replica) => replica}{code} hence rewriting the previous highwatermarks.
> # Later becomeLeaderOrFollower calls makeLeaders and makeFollowers which read the (now
partial) file through Partition::getOrCreateReplica {code}
>           val checkpoint = replicaManager.highWatermarkCheckpoints(log.dir.getParentFile.getAbsolutePath)
>           val offsetMap = checkpoint.read
>           if (!offsetMap.contains(TopicAndPartition(topic, partitionId)))
>             info("No checkpointed highwatermark is found for partition [%s,%d]".format(topic,
> {code}
> We are not entirely sure whether the initial LeaderAndIsr message including a subset
of partitions is critical in making this race condition manifest or not. But it is an important
detail since it clarifies that a solution based on not letting the highwatermark-checkpoint
thread jumping in the middle of processing a LeaderAndIsr message would not suffice.
> The solution we are thinking of is to force initializing allPartitions by the partitions
listed in the replication-offset-checkpoint (and perhaps recovery-point-offset-checkpoint
file too) when a server starts.
> Thoughts?

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