kafka-dev mailing list archives

Site index · List index
Message view « Date » · « Thread »
Top « Date » · « Thread »
From Jiangjie Qin <j...@linkedin.com.INVALID>
Subject Re: Gauging Interest in adding Encryption to Kafka
Date Sat, 01 Aug 2015 04:31:52 GMT
I agree with Todd, the major concern I have is still the complexity on
broker which can kill the performance - which a key advantage of Kafka. I
think there are two separate issues here:
1. Key management
2. the actual encryption/decryption work.

Personally I think it might be OK to have [1] supported in Kafka given we
might need to be compatible with different key management system anyway.
But we should just make Kafka compatible with other key management systems
instead of letting Kafka itself to manage the keys. For [2], I think we
should keep it on the client side.

Jiangjie (Becket) Qin

On Fri, Jul 31, 2015 at 5:06 PM, Todd Palino <tpalino@gmail.com> wrote:

> 1 - Yes, authorization combined with encryption does get us most of the way
> there. However, depending on the auditor it might not be good enough. The
> problem is that if you are encrypting at the broker, then by definition
> anyone who has access to the broker (i.e. operations staff) have access to
> the data. Consider the case where you are passing salary and other
> information through the system, and those people do not need a view of it.
> I admit, the 90% solution might be better here than going for a perfect
> solution, but it is something to think about.
>
> 2 - My worry is people wanting to integrate with different key systems. For
> example, one person may be fine with providing it in a config file, while
> someone else may want to use the solution from vendor A, someone else wants
> vendor B, and yet another person wants this obscure hardware-based solution
> that exists elsewhere.
>
> The compaction concern is definitely a good one I hadn't thought of. I'm
> wondering if it's reasonable to just say that compaction will not work
> properly with encrypted keys if you do not have consistent encryption (that
> is, the same string encrypts to the same string every time).
>
> Ultimately I don't like the idea of the broker doing any encrypt/decrypt
> steps OR compression/decompression. This is all CPU overhead that you're
> concentrating in one place instead of distributing the load out to the
> clients. Now yes, I know that the broker decompresses to check the CRC and
> assign offsets and then compresses, and we can potentially avoid the
> compression step with assigning the batch an offset and a count instead but
> we still need to consider the CRC. Adding encrypt/decrypt steps adds even
> more overhead and it's going to get very difficult to handle even 2 Gbits
> worth of traffic at that rate.
>
> There are other situations that concern me, such as revocation of keys, and
> I'm not sure whether it is better with client-based or server-based
> encryption. For example, if I want to revoke a key with client-based
> encryption it becomes similar to how we handle Avro schemas (internally)
> now - you change keys, and depending on what your desire is you either
> expire out the data for some period of time with the older keys, or you
> just let it sit there and your consuming clients won't have an issue. With
> broker-based encryption, the broker has to work with the multiple keys
> per-topic.
>
> -Todd
>
>
> On Fri, Jul 31, 2015 at 2:38 PM, Gwen Shapira <gshapira@cloudera.com>
> wrote:
>
> > Good points :)
> >
> > 1) Kafka already (pending commit) has an authorization layer, so
> > theoretically we are good for SOX, HIPAA, PCI, etc. Transparent broker
> > encryption will support PCI
> > never-let-unencrypted-card-number-hit-disk.
> >
> > 2) Agree on Key Management being complete PITA. It may better to
> > centralize this pain in the broker rather than distributing it to
> > clients. Any reason you think its better to let the clients handle it?
> > The way I see it, we'll need to handle key management the way we did
> > authorization - give an API for interfacing with existing systems.
> >
> > More important, we need the broker to be able to decrypt and encrypt
> > in order to support compaction (unless we can find a cool
> > key-uniqueness-preserving encryption algorithm, but this may not be as
> > secure). I think we also need the broker to be able to re-compress
> > data, and since we always encrypt compressed bits (compressing
> > encrypted bits doesn't compress), we need the broker to decrypt before
> > re-compressing.
> >
> >
> >
> > On Fri, Jul 31, 2015 at 2:27 PM, Todd Palino <tpalino@gmail.com> wrote:
> > > It does limit it to clients that have an implementation for encryption,
> > > however encryption on the client side is better from an auditing point
> of
> > > view (whether that is SOX, HIPAA, PCI, or something else). Most of
> those
> > > types of standards are based around allowing visibility of data to just
> > the
> > > people who need it. That includes the admins of the system (who are
> often
> > > not the people who use the data).
> > >
> > > Additionally, key management is a royal pain, and there are lots of
> > > different types of systems that one may want to use. This is a pretty
> big
> > > complication for the brokers.
> > >
> > > -Todd
> > >
> > >
> > > On Fri, Jul 31, 2015 at 2:21 PM, Gwen Shapira <gshapira@cloudera.com>
> > wrote:
> > >
> > >> I've seen interest in HDFS-like "encryption zones" in Kafka.
> > >>
> > >> This has the advantage of magically encrypting data at rest regardless
> > >> of which client is used as a producer.
> > >> Adding it on the client side limits the feature to the java client.
> > >>
> > >> Gwen
> > >>
> > >> On Fri, Jul 31, 2015 at 1:20 PM, eugene miretsky
> > >> <eugene.miretsky@gmail.com> wrote:
> > >> > I think that Hadoop and Cassandra do [1] (Transparent Encryption)
> > >> >
> > >> > We're doing [2] (on a side note, for [2] you still need
> > authentication on
> > >> > the producer side - you don't want an unauthorized user writing
> > garbage).
> > >> > Right now we have the 'user' doing the  encryption and submitting
> raw
> > >> bytes
> > >> > to the producer. I was suggesting implementing an encryptor in the
> > >> > producer itself - I think it's cleaner and can be reused by other
> > users
> > >> > (instead of having to do their own encryption)
> > >> >
> > >> > Cheers,
> > >> > Eugene
> > >> >
> > >> > On Fri, Jul 31, 2015 at 4:04 PM, Jiangjie Qin
> > <jqin@linkedin.com.invalid
> > >> >
> > >> > wrote:
> > >> >
> > >> >> I think the goal here is to make the actual message stored on
> broker
> > to
> > >> be
> > >> >> encrypted, because after we have SSL, the transmission would be
> > >> encrypted.
> > >> >>
> > >> >> In general there might be tow approaches:
> > >> >> 1. Broker do the encryption/decryption
> > >> >> 2. Client do the encryption/decryption
> > >> >>
> > >> >> From performance point of view, I would prefer [2]. It is just
in
> > that
> > >> >> case, maybe user does not necessarily need to use SSL anymore
> because
> > >> the
> > >> >> data would be encrypted anyway.
> > >> >>
> > >> >> If we let client do the encryption, there are also two ways to
do
> so
> > -
> > >> >> either we let producer take an encryptor or users can do
> > >> >> serialization/encryption outside the producer and send raw bytes.
> The
> > >> only
> > >> >> difference between the two might be flexibility. For example,
if
> > someone
> > >> >> wants to know the actual bytes of a message that got sent over
the
> > wire,
> > >> >> doing it outside the producer would probably more preferable.
> > >> >>
> > >> >> Jiangjie (Becket) Qin
> > >> >>
> > >> >> On Thu, Jul 30, 2015 at 12:16 PM, eugene miretsky <
> > >> >> eugene.miretsky@gmail.com
> > >> >> > wrote:
> > >> >>
> > >> >> > Hi,
> > >> >> >
> > >> >> > Based on the security wiki page
> > >> >> > <https://cwiki.apache.org/confluence/display/KAFKA/Security>
> > >> encryption
> > >> >> of
> > >> >> > data at rest is out of scope for the time being. However,
we are
> > >> >> >  implementing  encryption in Kafka and would like to see
if there
> > is
> > >> >> > interest in submitting a patch got it.
> > >> >> >
> > >> >> > I suppose that one way to implement  encryption would be
to add
> an
> > >> >> > 'encrypted key' field to the Message/MessageSet  structures
in
> the
> > >> >> > wire protocole - however, this is a very big and fundamental
> > change.
> > >> >> >
> > >> >> > A simpler way to add encryption support would be:
> > >> >> > 1) Custom Serializer, but it wouldn't be compatible with
other
> > custom
> > >> >> > serializers (Avro, etc. )
> > >> >> > 2)  Add a step in KafkaProducer after serialization to encrypt
> the
> > >> data
> > >> >> > before it's being submitted to the accumulator (encryption
is
> done
> > in
> > >> the
> > >> >> > submitting thread, not in the producer io thread)
> > >> >> >
> > >> >> > Is there interest in adding #2 to Kafka?
> > >> >> >
> > >> >> > Cheers,
> > >> >> > Eugene
> > >> >> >
> > >> >>
> > >>
> >
>

Mime
  • Unnamed multipart/alternative (inline, None, 0 bytes)
View raw message