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From "Finch, Sam" <>
Subject JMeter & Asynchronous Testing
Date Tue, 13 Apr 2004 15:53:57 GMT

I am trying to use the Java sampler to load-test a class implementing an
asynchronous messaging interface.

The class has two methods:

  /** Send  a message. */
  send(String msg);

  /** Add a listener for incoming messages returned in response. */
  addListener(Listener l);

send() returns instantly.  addListener() expects a listener object that
contains an onEvent() callback following the usual pattern.  The class uses
thread pooling internally.

I need to test round-trip times for a variety of messages under different
load conditions, with the following constraints:

 - Every message will (eventually) receive a reply.
 - The target system is expected to process several messages at a time.
 - The target system makes no guarantee about the order of replies.
 - Outgoing messages contain a sequence #, which is returned in the reply.

Responsiveness is measured by the time elapsed between calling send() and
being called by onEvent(), for requests and responses with the same sequence

So, how should I do this in JMeter?

I am tempted to implement it by providing a simulated synchronous interface
to a Java sampler.  The thread would appear to be IO blocked but in reality
would send() the message and enter a wait state until notified by a manager
thread that would trigger it with timing information when the reply came in.
This pushes control back to JMeter.  I can use JMeter to control threads,
randomise message types etc etc.  The downside is that it will result in a
huge number of threads.  I expect to load test the server with up to 2000
concurrent messages - which would mean a corresponding number of threads!

Hopefully I am missing something.  My questions are:

 - Has JMeter been designed to test an asynchronous interface?
 - If not, can it be done without simulating a synchronous interface?
 - If not, are there other frameworks that are better suited?
 - If not, is there any interest in expanding JMeter so it can cater for
this stuff natively?

Thanks for any comment and insight.

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