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From Jukka Zitting <jukka.zitt...@gmail.com>
Subject Oak API - a top down look
Date Tue, 17 Apr 2012 21:28:26 GMT
Hi,

Over the past week or two we've been going in a lot of different
directions with the Oak API. Rather than comment on individual details
in the various related threads and issues, let me step back a bit and
outline one possible vision of how the API could/should work. Most of
the included bits we already have in various places, and I'm just
trying to put them together in a slightly more coherent way.

So see below (HTML version at [1]) for a top-down draft of how the
concepts of the API could fit together. I'm basically taking the
existing RepositoryService, Connection and
NodeStateEditor/TransientNodeState interfaces and casting them
slightly differently with a new set of names.

This is just a draft proposal, so please critique or propose
alternatives, ideally in a format like this so that we'll be able to
use the resulting consensus as the beginning of more comprehensive API
documentation.

[1] https://github.com/jukka/jackrabbit-oak/blob/trunk/oak-core/README.md

BR,

Jukka Zitting


Oak API
-------

The API for accessing core Oak functionality is located in the
`org.apache.jackrabbit.oak.api` package and consists of the following
key interfaces:

  * ContentRepository
  * ContentSession
  * ContentTree

The `ContentRepository` interface represents an entire Oak content repository.
The repository may local or remote, or a cluster of any size. These deployment
details are all hidden behind this interface.

Starting and stopping `ContentRepository` instances is the responsibility of
each particular deployment and not covered by these interfaces. Repository
clients should use a deployment-specific mechanism (JNDI, OSGi service, etc.)
to acquire references to `ContentRepository` instances.

All content in the repository is accessed through authenticated sessions
acquired through the `ContentRepository.login()` method. The method takes
explicit access credentials and other login details and, assuming the
credentials are valid, returns a `ContentSession` instance that encapsulates
this information. Session instances are `Closeable` and need to be closed
to release associated resources once no longer used. The recommended access
pattern is:

    ContentRepository repository = ...;
    ContentSession session = repository.login(...);
    try {
        ...; // Use the session
    } finally {
        session.close();
    }

All `ContentRepository` and `ContentSession` instances are thread-safe.

The authenticated `ContentSession` gives you properly authorized access to
the hierarchical content tree inside the repository through instances of the
`ContentTree` interface. The `getCurrentContentTree()` method returns a
snapshot of the current state of the content tree:

    ContentSession session = ...;
    ContentTree tree = session.getCurrentContentTree();

The returned `ContentTree` instance belongs to the client and its state is
only modified in response to method calls made by the client. `ContentTree`
instances are *not* thread-safe, so the client needs to ensure that they are
not accessed concurrently from multiple threads. Content trees are
recursive data structures that consist of named properties and subtrees
that share the same namespace, but are accessed through separate methods
like outlined below:

    ContentTree tree = ...;
    for (PropertyState property : tree.getProperties()) {
        ...;
    }
    for (ContentTree subtree : tree.getSubtrees()) {
        ...;
    }

The repository content snapshot exposed by a `ContentTree` instance may
become invalid over time due to garbage collection of old content, at which
point an outdated snapshot will start throwing `IllegalStateExceptions` to
indicate that the snapshot is no longer available. To access more recent
content, a client should either call `getCurrentContentTree()` to acquire
a fresh now content snapshot or use the `refresh()` method to update a
given `ContentTree` to the latest state of the content repository:

    ContentTree tree = ...;
    tree.refresh();

In addition to reading repository content, the client can also make
modifications to the content tree. Such content changes remain local
to the particular `ContentTree` instance (and related subtrees) until
explicitly committed. For example, the following code creates and commits
a new subtree containing nothing but a simple property:

    ContentTree tree = ...;
    ContentTree subtree = tree.addSubtree("hello");
    subtree.setProperty("message", "Hello, World!");
    tree.commit();

Even other `ContentTree` instances acquired from the same `ContentSession`
won't see such changes until they've been committed and the other trees
refreshed. This allows a client to track multiple parallel sets of changes
with just a single authenticated session.

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