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From ju...@apache.org
Subject svn commit: r1328596 - /jackrabbit/oak/trunk/oak-core/README.md
Date Sat, 21 Apr 2012 07:10:49 GMT
Author: jukka
Date: Sat Apr 21 07:10:48 2012
New Revision: 1328596

URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc?rev=1328596&view=rev
Log:
OAK-18: Define Oak API

Add draft API documentation as discussed on dev@

Added:
    jackrabbit/oak/trunk/oak-core/README.md

Added: jackrabbit/oak/trunk/oak-core/README.md
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/jackrabbit/oak/trunk/oak-core/README.md?rev=1328596&view=auto
==============================================================================
--- jackrabbit/oak/trunk/oak-core/README.md (added)
+++ jackrabbit/oak/trunk/oak-core/README.md Sat Apr 21 07:10:48 2012
@@ -0,0 +1,98 @@
+Oak Core
+========
+
+Oak API
+-------
+
+The API for accessing core Oak functionality is located in the
+`org.apache.jackrabbit.oak.api` package and consists of the following
+key interfaces:
+
+  * ContentRepository
+  * ContentSession
+  * ContentTree
+
+The `ContentRepository` interface represents an entire Oak content repository.
+The repository may local or remote, or a cluster of any size. These deployment
+details are all hidden behind this interface.
+
+Starting and stopping `ContentRepository` instances is the responsibility of
+each particular deployment and not covered by these interfaces. Repository
+clients should use a deployment-specific mechanism (JNDI, OSGi service, etc.)
+to acquire references to `ContentRepository` instances.
+
+All content in the repository is accessed through authenticated sessions
+acquired through the `ContentRepository.login()` method. The method takes
+explicit access credentials and other login details and, assuming the
+credentials are valid, returns a `ContentSession` instance that encapsulates
+this information. Session instances are `Closeable` and need to be closed
+to release associated resources once no longer used. The recommended access
+pattern is:
+
+    ContentRepository repository = ...;
+    ContentSession session = repository.login(...);
+    try {
+        ...; // Use the session
+    } finally {
+        session.close();
+    }
+
+All `ContentRepository` and `ContentSession` instances are thread-safe.
+
+The authenticated `ContentSession` gives you properly authorized access to
+the hierarchical content tree inside the repository through instances of the
+`ContentTree` interface. The `getCurrentContentTree()` method returns a
+snapshot of the current state of the content tree:
+
+    ContentSession session = ...;
+    ContentTree tree = session.getCurrentContentTree();
+
+The returned `ContentTree` instance belongs to the client and its state is
+only modified in response to method calls made by the client. `ContentTree`
+instances are *not* thread-safe for write access, so writing clients need 
+to ensure that they are not accessed concurrently from multiple threads. 
+`ContentTree` instances *are* however thread-safe for read access, so 
+implementations need to ensure that all reading clients see a coherent 
+state.
+
+Content trees are recursive data structures that consist of named properties 
+and subtrees that share the same namespace, but are accessed through separate 
+methods like outlined below:
+
+    ContentTree tree = ...;
+    for (PropertyState property : tree.getProperties()) {
+        ...;
+    }
+    for (ContentTree subtree : tree.getSubtrees()) {
+        ...;
+    }
+
+The repository content snapshot exposed by a `ContentTree` instance may
+become invalid over time due to garbage collection of old content, at which
+point an outdated snapshot will start throwing `IllegalStateExceptions` to
+indicate that the snapshot is no longer available. To access more recent
+content, a client should either call `getCurrentContentTree()` to acquire
+a fresh now content snapshot or use the `refresh()` method to update a
+given `ContentTree` to the latest state of the content repository:
+
+    ContentSession session = ...;
+    ContentTree tree = ...;
+    session.refresh(tree);
+
+In addition to reading repository content, the client can also make
+modifications to the content tree. Such content changes remain local
+to the particular `ContentTree` instance (and related subtrees) until
+explicitly committed. For example, the following code creates and commits
+a new subtree containing nothing but a simple property:
+
+    ContentSession session = ...;
+    ContentTree tree = ...;
+    ContentTree subtree = tree.addSubtree("hello");
+    subtree.setProperty("message", "Hello, World!");
+    session.commit(tree);
+
+Even other `ContentTree` instances acquired from the same `ContentSession`
+won't see such changes until they've been committed and the other trees
+refreshed. This allows a client to track multiple parallel sets of changes
+with just a single authenticated session.
+



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