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From "Berry van Halderen (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] Created: (JCR-2633) Modified externally exception when modifying mixinTypes with single session
Date Tue, 18 May 2010 09:58:01 GMT
Modified externally exception when modifying mixinTypes with single session
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                 Key: JCR-2633
                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/JCR-2633
             Project: Jackrabbit Content Repository
          Issue Type: Bug
          Components: jackrabbit-core
    Affects Versions: 2.1.0, 2.0.0, 1.5.7
         Environment: Bundle persistency manager based storage, Jackrabbit 1.5.7 but issue
also present in newer versions
            Reporter: Berry van Halderen
            Priority: Critical


When first adding mixins and later removing all mixins, a system under heavy stress might
experience a modified externally exception even though there is only a single session into
the repository.
The unit test with forced GC and shrinking of caches indicates the problem.

The unit test itself is mostly trivial, the problem arrises when you add a
mixin to a node, save it, do this again with another mixin and then remove
both mixins and in the following save the shared item state cache is shrunk,
and the garbage collectors hits at exactly the right time.  In the unit test a
reference to the jcr:mixinTypes property must have been held.

What will happen is that the ItemState of the jcr:mixinTypes property will get
a modification count higher than 0 when addin the mixins.  Because a reference
to the property is kept, it will not be evicted from the primary cache in the
local item state manager.  When removing all mixins, an overlayed state will
be created of this ItemState.  Because the state and overlayed state are
linked, the ItemState won't be dropped from the primary cache of the shared
item state manager.

But is MAY be evicted from the secondary cache implementing the LRU/FIFO
functionality.  If this is the case when while persisting the changes there is
a small window where the overlayed state will be disconnected from the state.
This happens just before collecting the changelog at:
  o.a.j.c.state.ItemState.disconnect():211
  o.a.j.c.state.SessionItemStateManager.disconnectTransientItemState():674
  o.a.j.c.PropertyImpl.makePersistent():143
  o.a.j.c.ItemImpl.persistTransientItems():609
  o.a.j.c.ItemImpl.save():1087
  o.a.j.c.SessionImpl.save():858
Or in the when actually collecting the changelog in one of the methods
Changelog.{modified(),deleted() or both.  I think the latter, but not really
sure.

In any case, this breaks the bondage that prevents the cached state in the
shared item state manager.

Now if the shared item state cache has been shrunk enough and the GC hits
before o.a.j.c.state.SharedItemStateManager.Update.begin():650 when the
disconnected state will be purged from the shared item state cache.  Just
below line 650 the check for stale items will then cause a re-retrieval from
the persisted store of the property.  Because that state will have a
modification count of 0, it will conflict with the modification count of the
mixin property type that is being persisted.

It is true that the GC needs to go off at exactly the right time and the
secondary cache needs to have shrunk to be able to evict the item.  This can
however happen in extreme cases.  The patch that contains the unit test
contains code that will force the purging of the item.

There is still the matter why the modcount comes back at 0 when retrieving the
property from the persistence manager, basically the assumption made in the
code between session, local, and shared item state managers, their caches,
etcetera is that the modification count in the shared item state is always
incremented, and never reset.

There is an apparent contract (partially documented) that the modification
count is to be persisted.  Which is in fact the case for the InMemPersistence-
Manager, but all bundle derived persistence managers do not persist the
jcr:mixinType property at all, but just the mixintypes as part of the
nodedefinition information.  This means that the jcr:mixinTypes property will
always be re-created with modcount of 0, which leads to clashes.


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