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From Martin Sebor <>
Subject Re: svn commit: r627648 - in /stdcxx/trunk/include: ./ loc/ rw/
Date Sat, 23 Feb 2008 00:10:48 GMT
Farid Zaripov wrote:
> From: Martin Sebor []
> To:
> Subject: Re: svn commit: r627648 - in /stdcxx/trunk/include: ./ loc/ rw/
>> I'm not sure I understand the problem. Is it because we declare
>> some explicit template instantiations when building the library
>> as
>>    extern template __declspec(dllexport) void foo<int>();
>   Yes. Here the __declspec(dllexport) attribute leads to instantiating of the template
class or function,
> but extern keyword tells to not instantiate, because the template will be instantiated
in the another module.
> And the compiler doesn't know what to do: instantiate template in current module or not.
I see that MSVC
> prefer __declspec(dllexport) and instantiates the template. So in example the classes
string and wstring
> are instantiated in every .cpp file, where <string> is included. Actually this
is my assumption ans I don't
> know exactly whether is true on not. But after this patch the size of the object files
has reduced (the size
> of the resulting .dll in shared builds is not changed).

I see. So __declspec(dllexport) is supposed to go with defintions
while extern template (only) with declarations.

I think the problem is that we seem to use __declspec(dllexport)
on both declarations and definitions, and while that's tolerated
for declarations of ordinary functions and classes the compiler
has a small cow when we apply it to extern template kind of

Do you see a way to set things up so that we can still have just
_RWSTD_EXPORT and use it without triggering this warning?


>   From MSDN: 
> --------------
> Error Message
> '<identifier>' : '__declspec(dllexport)' and 'extern' are incompatible on an explicit
> The explicit template instantiation named <identifier> is modified by both the
__declspec(dllexport) and extern keywords. However, these keywords are mutually exclusive.
The __declspec(dllexport) keyword means instantiate the template class, while the extern keyword
means do not automatically instantiate the template class.
> --------------
>> Why does this happen, and doesn't the problem affect ordinary
>> classes or functions as well? I.e., wouldn't either of the two
>> declarations below be a problem?
>>    extern __declspec(dllexport) void foo();
>>    __declspec(dllexport) void foo();
>   These declarations both are the same thing.
> Farid.

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