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From "Martin Sebor (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] Commented: (STDCXX-613) [MSVC 8.0] static const data members violate the ODR
Date Wed, 24 Oct 2007 17:57:50 GMT

    [ https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/STDCXX-613?page=com.atlassian.jira.plugin.system.issuetabpanels:comment-tabpanel#action_12537367
] 

Martin Sebor commented on STDCXX-613:
-------------------------------------

Still broken in MSVC 8.0. See:
http://lab.msdn.microsoft.com/ProductFeedback/viewfeedback.aspx?feedbackid=b9853206-740a-47e7-af09-b03b51934a97

The program below illustrates that a definition of each static const
integral data member of explicit specializations of class templates
that are initialized in the body of the specialization is emitted by
MSVC 8.0 in each translation unit that references the member. This is
incorrect and leads to linker errors.

$ cat t.cpp && cl -c -Fot.obj t.cpp && cl -nologo -c -DMAIN
-Fomain.obj t.cpp && cl -nologo main.obj t.obj
template <class> struct S;
template <> struct S<int> { static const int i = 0; };

#ifndef MAIN
const int S<int>::i;
#else
int main () { return S<int>::i; }
#endif
Microsoft (R) 32-bit C/C++ Optimizing Compiler Version 14.00.50727.42
for 80x86
Copyright (C) Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.

t.cpp
t.cpp
t.obj : error LNK2005: "public: static int const S<int>::i"
(?i@?$S@H@@2HB) already defined in main.obj
main.exe : fatal error LNK1169: one or more multiply defined symbols found

> [MSVC 8.0] static const data members violate the ODR
> ----------------------------------------------------
>
>                 Key: STDCXX-613
>                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/STDCXX-613
>             Project: C++ Standard Library
>          Issue Type: Bug
>          Components: External
>         Environment: MSVC 7.0, 7.1, and 8.0
>            Reporter: Martin Sebor
>
> Copied from Rogue Wave Bugzilla: http://bugzilla.cvo.roguewave.com/show_bug.cgi?id=1744
> The program below illustrates that a definition of each static const integral data member
of explicit specializations of class templates that are initialized in the body of the specialization
is emitted by MSVC 7.0 in each translation unit that references the member. This is, of course,
incorrect and leads to linker
> errors.
> $ cat t.cpp
> template <class T>
> struct S;
> template <>
> struct S<int>
> {
>  static const int i = 0;
> };
> #ifndef MAIN
> const int S<int>::i;
> #else
> int main ()
> {
>  return S<int>::i;
> }
> #endif
> $ cl -c -Fot.obj t.cpp && cl -c -DMAIN -Fomain.obj t.cpp && cl main.obj
t.obj
> Microsoft (R) 32-bit C/C++ Optimizing Compiler Version 13.00.9344.1 for 80x86
> Copyright (C) Microsoft Corporation 1984-2001. All rights reserved.
> ...
> t.obj : error LNK2005: "public: static int const S<int>::i" (?i@?$S@H@@2HB) already
defined in main.obj
> main.exe : fatal error LNK1169: one or more multiply defined symbols found

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