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From "Sushanth Sowmyan (JIRA)" <>
Subject [jira] [Updated] (HCATALOG-42) Storing across partitions(Dynamic Partitioning) from HCatStorer/HCatOutputFormat
Date Wed, 06 Jul 2011 14:47:17 GMT


Sushanth Sowmyan updated HCATALOG-42:

    Attachment:     (was: HCATALOG-42.4.patch)

> Storing across partitions(Dynamic Partitioning) from HCatStorer/HCatOutputFormat
> --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
>                 Key: HCATALOG-42
>                 URL:
>             Project: HCatalog
>          Issue Type: Improvement
>    Affects Versions: 0.2
>            Reporter: Sushanth Sowmyan
>            Assignee: Sushanth Sowmyan
>         Attachments: HCATALOG-42.5.patch, hadoop_archive-0.3.1.jar
> HCatalog allows people to abstract away underlying storage details and refer to them
as tables and partitions. To this notion, the storage abstraction is more about classifying
how data is organized, rather than bothering about where it is stored. A user thus then specifies
partitions to be stored and leaves the job to HCatalog to figure out how and where it needs
to do so.
> When it comes to reading the data, a user is able to specify that they're interested
in reading from the table and specify various partition key value combinations to prune, as
if specifying a SQL-like where clause. However, when it comes to writing, the abstraction
is not so seamless. We still require of the end user to write out data to the table partition-by-partition.
And these partitions require fine-grained knowledge of what key-value-pairs they require,
and we require this knowledge in advance, and we require the writer to have already grouped
the requisite data accordingly before attempting to store.
> For example, the following pig script illustrates this:
> --
> A = load 'raw' using HCatLoader(); 
> ... 
> split Z into for_us if region='us', for_eu if region='eu', for_asia if region='asia';

> store for_us into 'processed' using HCatStorage("ds=20110110, region=us"); 
> store for_eu into 'processed' using HCatStorage("ds=20110110, region=eu"); 
> store for_asia into 'processed' using HCatStorage("ds=20110110, region=asia"); 
> --
> This has a major issue in that MapReduce programs and pig scripts need to be aware of
all the possible values of a key, and that needs to be maintained, and modified if needed
when new values are introduced, which may/may not always be easy or even possible. With more
partitions, scripts begin to look cumbersome. And if each partition being written launches
a separate HCatalog store, we are increasing the load on the HCatalog server and launching
more jobs for the store by a factor of the number of partitions
> It would be much more preferable if HCatalog were to be able to figure out all the partitions
required from the data being written, which would allow us to simplify the above script into
the following:
> --
> A = load 'raw' using HCatLoader(); 
> ... 
> store Z into 'processed' using HCatStorage("ds=20110110"); 
> --

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