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From Sam Ruby <ru...@intertwingly.net>
Subject [VOTE][RESULT] Accept OpenWhisk into the Apache Incubator
Date Wed, 23 Nov 2016 20:20:46 GMT
This vote passes with 10 binding +1's, 3 non-binding +1, and no -1's

Binding:
  John D. Ament
  Bertrand Delacretaz
  Ted Dunning
  Niclas Hedhman
  Sergio Fernández
  Felix Meschberger
  Jean-Baptiste Onofré
  Karl Pauls
  Edward J. Yoon
  Reynold Xin

Non-binding:
  Liang Chen
  Debo Dutta
  Charith Elvitigala

Note that John Ament indicated his intention to vote -1 on any
OpenWhisk release until the "GitHub as master" issue is resolved by
the Apache Infrastructure team.

- Sam Ruby

On Thu, Nov 17, 2016 at 10:22 AM, Sam Ruby <rubys@intertwingly.net> wrote:
> Now that the discussion thread on the OpenWhisk Proposal has died
> down, please take a moment to vote on accepting OpenWhisk into the
> Apache Incubator.
>
> The ASF voting rules are described at:
>    http://www.apache.org/foundation/voting.html
>
> A vote for accepting a new Apache Incubator podling is a majority vote
> for which only Incubator PMC member votes are binding.
>
> Votes from other people are also welcome as an indication of peoples
> enthusiasm (or lack thereof).
>
> Please do not use this VOTE thread for discussions.
> If needed, start a new thread instead.
>
> This vote will run for at least 72 hours. Please VOTE as follows
> [] +1 Accept OpenWhisk into the Apache Incubator
> [] +0 Abstain.
> [] -1 Do not accept OpenWhisk into the Apache Incubator because ...
>
> The proposal is listed below, but you can also access it on the wiki:
>    https://wiki.apache.org/incubator/OpenWhiskProposal
>
> - Sam Ruby
>
> = OpenWhisk Proposal =
>
> OpenWhisk is an open source, distributed Serverless computing platform
> able to execute application logic (Actions) in response to events
> (Triggers) from external sources (Feeds) or HTTP requests governed by
> conditional logic (Rules). It provides a programming environment
> supported by a REST API-based Command Line Interface (CLI) along with
> tooling to support packaging and catalog services.
>
> Champion: Sam Ruby, IBM
>
> Mentors:
>  * Felix Meschberger, Adobe
>  * Isabel Drost-Fromm, Elasticsearch GmbH
>  * Sergio Fernández, Redlink GmbH
>
> == Background ==
>
> Serverless computing is the evolutionary next stage in Cloud computing
> carrying further the abstraction offered to software developers using
> Container-based operating system virtualization. The Serverless
> paradigm enables programmers to just “write” functional code and not
> worry about having to configure any aspect of a server needed for
> execution. Such Serverless functions are single purpose and stateless
> that respond to event-driven data sources and can be scaled on-demand.
>
> The OpenWhisk project offers a truly open, highly scalable, performant
> distributed Serverless platform leveraging other open technologies
> along with a robust programming model, catalog of service and event
> provider integrations and developer tooling.
> Specifically, every architectural component service of the OpenWhisk
> platform (e.g., Controller, Invokers, Messaging, Router, Catalog, API
> Gateway, etc.) all is designed to be run and scaled as a Docker
> container. In addition, OpenWhisk uniquely leverages aspects of Docker
> engine to manage, load balance and scale supported OpenWhisk runtime
> environments (e.g., JavaScript, Python, Swift, Java, etc.), that run
> Serverless functional code within Invoker compute instances, using
> Docker containers.
>
> OpenWhisk's containerized design tenants not only allows it to be
> hosted in various IaaS, PaaS Clouds platforms that support Docker
> containers, but also achieves the high expectation of the Serverless
> computing experience by masking all aspects of traditional resource
> specification and configuration from the end user simplifying and
> accelerating Cloud application development.
> In order to enable HTTP requests as a source of events, and thus the
> creation of Serverless microservices that expose REST APIs, OpenWhisk
> includes an API Gateway that performs tasks like security, request
> routing, throttling, and logging.
>
> == Rationale ==
>
> Serverless computing is in the very early stages of the technology
> adoption curve and has great promise in enabling new paradigms in
> event-driven application development, but current implementation
> efforts are fractured as most are tied to specific Cloud platforms and
> services. Having an open implementation of a Serverless platform, such
> as OpenWhisk, available and governed by an open community like Apache
> could accelerate growth of this technology, as well as encourage
> dialog and interoperability.
>
> Having the ASF accept and incubate OpenWhisk would provide a clear
> signal to developers interested in Serverless and its future that they
> are welcome to participate and contribute in its development, growth
> and governance.
>
> In addition, there are numerous projects already at the ASF that would
> provide a natural fit to the API-centric, event-driven programming
> model that OpenWhisk sees as integral to a Serverless future. In fact,
> any project that includes a service that can produce or consume
> actionable events could become an integration point with
> OpenWhisk-enabled functions. Apache projects that manage programming
> languages and (micro) service runtimes could become part of the
> OpenWhisk set of supported runtime environments for functions. Device
> and API gateways would provide natural event sources that could
> utilize OpenWhisk functions to process, store and analyze vast amounts
> of information immediately unlocking the potential of fast-growing
> computing fields offered in spaces as IoT, analytics, cognitive,
> mobile and more.
>
> == Initial Goals ==
>
> OpenWhisk is an open source community project which seeks to adopt the
> Apache way through the course of the incubator process and foster
> collaborative development in the Serverless space.
>
> Currently, the OpenWhisk project's source repository is in GitHub
> using its associated project tooling, but we believe the open Apache
> processes, democratic project governance, along with its rich
> developer community and natural integrations with existing projects
> provide the ideal fit for the technology to grow.
>
> Serverless will only reach its full potential and avoid fragmentation
> if it is grown in an environment that Apache can offer.
>
> == Current Status ==
>
> The OpenWhisk project was published as an open source project within
> GitHub (https://github.com/openwhisk) under the Apache v2.0 license in
> February 2016. The project consists of the “core” platform repository
> (https://github.com/openwhisk/openwhisk) code along with its family of
> repositories that include a “catalog” of OpenWhisk system and utility
> packages.
>
> The project also includes repositories for:
>
>  *  JavaScript and Swift SDKs for client integration
>  *  Docker SDK for user-created “blackbox” (Action) runtimes
>  *  Graphical Command Line Tutorial (using NodeJS)
>  *  Packages for popular service integrations (i.e., JIRA, Twilio,
> Slack, Kafka, RSS, etc.)
>
> Issue tracking and project governance (milestones, epics) are also
> managed through GitHub Issues and visualized through ZenHub. All
> “pull” requests, once passing automated tests run by TravisCI, are
> reviewed by “core” contributors with “write” privileges. IBM has also
> setup private staging servers to “stress” test the platform
> performance under load and over extended periods of time before being
> merged into the main code branch. As part of the incubation process we
> would make these staging tests public and have them be run by Apache.
>
> Currently, the project is not officially versioned and is considered
> an “experimental beta”, but is marching towards milestone 10 that
> aligns with what is considered to be a “beta” the end of October and
> another milestone 11 end of November 2016 which is considered “GA”
> content for the “core” platform. Again, we would very much like to
> adopt an Apache community system for deciding on milestones,
> constituent epics (features) along with dates a versioning plan and
> communicate effectively using email lists, IRC and a project homepage
> (which is currently lacking).
>
> In addition to the OpenWhisk core runtime, IBM and Adobe plan to
> collaborate and contribute to the API Gateway component under an open
> framework with the Apache community. The API Gateway Framework
> component would provide essential support for a Serverless environment
> including container services, platform services and traditional
> runtimes and provides functionality for API security, request
> validation, request routing, rate limiting, logging, caching and load
> balancing.
>
> == Meritocracy ==
>
> The OpenWhisk project firmly believes in meritocracy from its
> inception. Issue, Feature and code submissions, to fix, improve or
> optimize the platform code, tooling and documentation, as well as
> contributions of new SDKs, Packages, Tutorials, etc. have all been
> welcomed after successful community input, consultation and testing.
> Contributions can be made by anyone as long as integration and staging
> (including stress and performance) tests pass. We are looking forward
> to talented individuals to progress the success of OpenWhisk and an
> open Serverless ecosystem surrounding it. It would be a pleasure to
> invite strong contributors to become committers in the project areas
> where they have shown a consistent track record.
>
> == Community ==
>
> OpenWhisk has made significant effort to build a community using all
> possible media and social outlets as possible, always asking for
> interested developers to join and contribute.
>
> The following outlets have been created to engage the public in as
> many ways as we could conceive. Every single of these sources is
> monitored continually via OpenWhisk code that triggers events and
> messages to appropriate developer Slack channels where we seek to
> respond and engage as quickly as we can.
>
>  *  Twitter: https://twitter.com/openwhisk
>  *  Slack: https://dwopen.slack.com/messages/openwhisk/
>  *  StackOverflow: http://stackoverflow.com/search?q=OpenWhisk
>  *  dwAnswers (developerWorks):
> https://developer.ibm.com/answers/smartspace/open/
>  *  Blog site: https://developer.ibm.com/openwhisk/blogs/
>  *  Google group: https://groups.google.com/forum/ - !forum/openwhisk
>
> IBM has sought to promote OpenWhisk at every logical event worldwide
> where we are able.
>
>     Events and Meetups:
>         20+ past events, 6 planned through YE 2016 (across 12 countries)
>         Event calendar: https://developer.ibm.com/openwhisk/events/
>     Stats (GitHub):
>         43+ contributors: https://github.com/orgs/openwhisk/people
>         Contribution Graphs:
> https://github.com/openwhisk/openwhisk/graphs/contributors
>     Stars:
>         623 (and growing ~10-20 per week on average):
> https://github.com/openwhisk/openwhisk/stargazers
>
> == Core Developers ==
>
> The following core developers, along with their credentials, are
> proposed; each have been committers within OpenWhisk since its initial
> development:
>
>  *  Stephen Fink, sjfink@us.ibm.com, original project architect
>  *  Rodric Rabbah,  rabbah@us.ibm.com, project's developer who has
> deepest knowledge who has been with the project since its inception.
>  *  Markus Thommes, markus.thoemmes@de.ibm.com, project build and
> deployment expert for all roles and environments (Mac, Linux, etc.
> either local/distributed).
>  *  Jeremias Werner, JEREWERN@de.ibm.com, tooling and integration
> expert.  Understands all the build and runtime dependencies / external
> projects OpenWhisk relies upon.
>  *  Perry Cheng, perry@us.ibm.com, Performance and stress testing guru.
>
> == Alignment ==
>
> We have looked, from the earliest days of developing OpenWhisk, at
> Apache as a model for building a strong developer community and worked
> to adopt its spirit and its best practices.  From the outset, we have
> wished to have enough interest and momentum in order to have a robust
> pool of developers in order to adopt an Apache governance model for
> meritorious acknowledgement of committer and core contributors who can
> bring external knowledge to further grow the project.
>
> We see immediate chances to leverage Apache projects such as Kafka,
> Camel, MQTT, ApacheMQ, etc. Wherever there is a collector, funnel or
> router of message data that can directly or indirectly generate
> events, we intend to link to OpenWhisk as an even provider. These and
> other projects are listed below and are just, we hope, “scratching the
> surface” of integration points for Serverless enabled applications.
>
> In addition, we should note that we see immediate interest in
> leveraging the Apache relationship with the Linux foundation to
> integrate with the OpenAPI specification (f.k.a., Swagger) and seek to
> standardize API gateways that follow that spec. to formalize endpoints
> for services that can produce events.
>
> = Known Risks =
>
> == Orphaned products ==
>
> OpenWhisk and its initial group of committers along with the community
> currently supporting the project will continue to promote and look for
> ways to engage new developers and provide linkage to other compatible
> open source projects. Serverless computing has a significant future in
> Cloud computing and an open source implementation of a platform, as
> OpenWhisk embodies, must success to provide competition and
> interoperability and provide a rich foundation for new Serverless
> technologies to rely upon.
>
> == Inexperience with Open Source ==
>
> OpenWhisk, as you can deduce from its name, has been an open source
> project from its public debut in February 2016.  As soon as a the
> initial code, developed within IBM research, was viable and provided
> the functionality expected of a Serverless platform, the project team
> open sourced it and sought to build an open community to evolve it.
> Most all current all current project team members have strong
> experience developing within open source projects with meritorious
> governance models. In fact, several of the current team members are
> committers on other Apache projects and are excited to reach out to
> and align with other project communities within Apache.
>
> == Homogenous Developers ==
>
> The current list of committers includes developers from two different
> companies. The current set of committers are geographically
> distributed across the U.S., Europe and China. All committers are
> experienced with working in a distributed environment and utilize many
> messaging and collaboration tools to continually communicate with each
> effectively to develop and review code regardless of location.
>
> Additionally, the current project members are very focused on
> addressing comments, feedback and issue or feature requests as soon as
> we are able. In fact, we utilize OpenWhisk itself to intelligently
> notify project developers with the correct knowledge or expertise of
> any public posting to any community outlets (listed above).
>
> == Reliance on Salaried Developers ==
>
> All of the initial developers are currently salaried by either IBM or
> Adobe. With increasing awareness and interest in Serverless
> technologies, we expect this to change due to the addition of
> volunteer contributors.  We intend to promote and encourage
> participation whenever interest is shown in the project to build a
> robust community.
>
> == Relationships with Other Apache Products ==
>
> Some possible project intersections or potential connections are
> listed below.  We hope to identify many others through the course of
> incubation.
>
>   * Kafka, http://kafka.apache.org/project, OpenWhisk has plans to use
> Kafka for an intelligent “message hub” service that can channel events
> to OpenWhisk triggers.
>   * Camel, http://camel.apache.org/message-bus.html, Any message bus
> naturally carries message data that may carry events directly or be
> used indirectly to derive events that developers can link to OpenWhisk
> actions.
>   * ActiveMQ, http://activemq.apache.org/, Again, a widely used
> message server, that supports MQTT and AMQP, which can provide trusted
> event data to OpenWhisk.
>
> Some additional projects we would like to explore any connection with include:
>
>   * CouchDB,  https://projects.apache.org/project.html?couchdb:
> OpenWhisk already supports use of CouchDB for its own storage needs
> (Actions, Bindings, etc.); however, there may be more integrations
> possible  as we develop a package manifest  to describe OpenWhisk
> entities reposited in document stores as pseudo-catalogs.
>   * Mesos, https://projects.apache.org/project.html?mesos: in effect,
> OpenWhisk also manages a “pool of nodes” that can run various Actions
> (functions). It would be interesting to see if any overlap or sharing
> of node resources could be achieved.
>   * Spark, https://projects.apache.org/project.html?spark : As with
> Mesos, OpenWhisk nodes could be leveraged to perform distributed
> data-processing with Spark.
>
> and many others that we hope the community will help identify and
> prioritize for development work.
>
> == An Excessive Fascination with the Apache Brand ==
>
> The developers of OpenWhisk share a high appreciation of the Apache
> Software Foundation, and many have been active as users, contributors
> or committers to other Apache projects.
>
> The main expectation for the developers is not the Apache brand, but
> the project governance and best practices established by the ASF,
> access to the Apache community and support and mentorship through
> senior Apache members.
>
> == Documentation ==
>
> OpenWhisk offers a comprehensive set of documentation (primarily in
> Markdown) for all parts of the project from installation and
> deployment (locally, remotely, distributed) on various platforms in
> order to get developers “up and running” as quickly as possible on
> multiple platforms (Mac, Windows, Ubuntu). In addition, OpenWhisk goes
> to great links to document its architecture and programming model and
> provide guided tutorials for the CLI. All SDKs and Packages that can
> be installed, besides installation and use cases descriptions, often
> include videos and blogs. OpenWhisk is dedicated to providing the best
> documentation possible and even has volunteers’ submissions for
> translations in some areas.
>
> == Initial Source ==
>
> The project is comprised of multiple repositories all under the
> primary openwhisk name. All initial source that would be moved under
> Apache control can be found in GitHub (by repository) here:
>
>   * Primary Repositories:
>         https://github.com/openwhisk/openwhisk
>             primary source code repository including run books, tests.
>         https://github.com/openwhisk/openwhisk-catalog
>             Catalog of built-in system, utility, test and sample
> Actions, Feeds and provider integration services and catalog packaging
> tooling.
>   * Client (SDK) repos.:
>         https://github.com/openwhisk/openwhisk-client-js
>             JavaScript (JS) client library for the OpenWhisk platform.
>         https://github.com/openwhisk/openwhisk-client-swift
>             Swift-based client SDK for OpenWhisk compatible with Swift
> 2.x and runs on iOS 9, WatchOS 2, and Darwin.
>         https://github.com/openwhisk/openwhisk-podspecs
>             CocoaPods Podspecs repo for ‘openwhisk-client-swift’.
>         https://github.com/openwhisk/openwhisk-sdk-docker
>             This is an SDK that shows how to create “Black box” Docker
> containers that can run Action (code).
>   * Package repos.:
>         https://github.com/openwhisk/openwhisk-package-pushnotifications
>              In-progress, Push notifications to registered devices.
>         https://github.com/openwhisk/openwhisk-package-twilio
>             In-progress, Integration with Twilio.
>         https://github.com/openwhisk/openwhisk-package-jira
>             In-progress, Integration with JIRA events.
>         https://github.com/openwhisk/openwhisk-package-rss
>             Integration with RSS feeds.
>         https://github.com/openwhisk/openwhisk-package-kafka
>             New, In-progress, Integration with Kafka
>         https://github.com/openwhisk/openwhisk-slackbot-poc
>             In-progress, deploy a Slackbot with the capability to run
> OpenWhisk actions
>   * Ecosystem repos.:
>         https://github.com/openwhisk/openwhisk-tutorial
>             Place to submit interactive tutorials for OpenWhisk, its
> CLI and packages. Currently, contains Javascript-based tutorial for
> learning the OpenWhisk CLI.
>         https://github.com/openwhisk/openwhisk-vscode
>             This is a prototype extension for Visual Studio Code that
> enables complete round trip cycles for authoring OpenWhisk actions
> inside the editor.
>   * API Gateway Framework repositories:
>
>         There are existing discussions between IBM and Adobe about
> creating a comprehensive API Gateway Framework that can support
> community contributions. We plan to move these discussions into the
> Apache community and invite participation in shaping this framework to
> ensure the best possible solution for Serverless.  At this time, the
> existing Adobe API Gateway provides a valuable set of modularized
> components that will be part of this framework and the initial
> submission:
>
>         https://github.com/adobe-apiplatform/apigateway
>             The main API Gateway repository containing basic
> configuration files and a Dockerfile to build all modules into a
> single container.
>
>         Under this repository, you will find complete and conformant
> code modules for the following functions:
>             * Request Validation (e.g., OAuth, API-KEY) and tracking,
>             * Configuration syncing with multiple Cloud storage solutions,
>             * API Request Caching and Mgmt.,
>             * Asynchronous logging (API traffic),
>             * ZeroMQ adapter with logger,
>             * NGINX extensions (i.e., AWS SDK)
>             * HMAC support for Lua (multiple algorithms, via OpenSSL)
>
>         During the incubation, this code will likely be restructured
> to accommodate additional code from other sources as agreed to by
> Apache and the PPMC.
>
> = Source and Intellectual Property Submission Plan =
>
> == External Dependencies ==
>
> The OpenWhisk project code, documentation, samples (for all
> repositories) have been fully authored under the Apache 2 license with
> a comprehensive CLA requirements enforced for all committers from its
> inception. The code has been fully screened and evaluated to assure
> its code consists of original contributions not encumbered by any
> license that would be incompatible with Apache.
>
> openwhisk-openwhisk
>
> This repository is the primary repository for the OpenWhisk platform;
> it contains the implementations for all its component services, CLI
> and tooling.
>
>  * tooling and runtime dependencies:
>        Note: all dependencies are to latest version unless noted otherwise.
>
>  * Build and Deployment Tooling:
>         ansiblev2.* : GNU GPL
>             Primary Runbook (playbooks) tooling for deployment with
> configurations for multiple target environments (ppa:ansible/ansible).
> Installed by ansible.sh.
>         git : GPL 2
>             Command line for automation of “pulling” OpenWhisk
> repositories’ code from Git repos.  Installed by misc.sh.
>         zip : Info-ZIP (BSD style)
>             Tooling for decompressing files packaged in compressed ZIP
> format. Installed by misc.sh.
>         python-pip : MIT
>             Python installer. Installed by pip.sh
>         jsonschema : MIT
>             Python Library. JSON schema validation. Installed by pip.sh
>         argcomplete  : Apache
>             Python Library. Bash tab completion for ‘argparse’.
> Installed by pip.sh
>         oracle-java8-installer : Oracle Binary Code
>             Oracle Java 8 Installer (Ubuntu PPA archive), Installed by java8.sh
>         software-properties-common : GNU GPL v2
>             Manage your own PPAs for use with Ubuntu APT. Installed by
> ansible.sh
>         gradle 3.0: Apache 2
>             Build tool.
>         gradle-wrapper.jar : Apache 2
>             Gradle wrapper tool. Installed by gradle-wrapper.properties
>         One-JAR : One-JAR license (BSD-style)
>             package a Java application together with its dependency
> Jars into a single executable Jar file. Used by
> core/javaAction/proxy/build.gradle
>         npm  : Artistic License 2.0
>             Node Package Manager (NPM), core/nodejs6Action/Dockerfile
>     Application Services:
>         docker-engine, v1.9, moving to v1.12 : Apache 2
>             Runtime for Docker containers. Installed by docker.sh.
>         docker-py v1.9, Apache 2
>             Python API client. Installed by ansible.sh.
>         ntp : NTP (BSD 3-clause)
>             Network Time Protocol service started to sync.
> peer-computer times.  Note: UTC is default for all hosts.  Installed
> by misc.sh.
>         CouchDB : Apache 2
>             JSON document database. Vagrant / User installed.
>         Consul v0.5.2 : Mozilla v2
>             Consul Key-value data store. Installed by
> services/consul/Dockerfile.
>    * Runtime Libraries:
>         Scala v2.11 : Scala (3-clause BSD)
>             Primary language for OpenWhisk.  Specifically:
> org.scala-lang:scala-library, 2.11.6. Installed by scala.sh,
> (referenced by build.gradle).
>         Node v0.12.14: MIT
>             Node JavaScript Runtime. It also includes many NPM
> libraries. See core/nodejsAction/Dockerfile for a complete/current
> list.
>         Node v6.2: MIT
>             The NodeJS6 Runtime. It also includes many NPM libraries.
> See core/nodejs6Action/Dockerfile for a complete/current list.
>         Python Runtime, v2.7 (Python Std. Library) : Python
>             Python based Docker Images are used in a few places. For
> example, see core/ActionProxy/Dockerfile.  In addition, it is
> referenced by the Python CLI which is being deprecated as it is being
> replaced by a Go language CLI.
>         Java 8 JRE : Oracle
>             Java Language Runtime (Oracle Java 8 JDK). Referenced by
> common/scala/Dockerfile, core/javaAction/Dockerfile,
> services/consul/.classpath.
>         Akka 2.47 Libraries for Scala 2.11 : Apache 2
>             Specifically, the following: “com.typesafe.akka:” modules
> are used: akka-actor, akka-slf4j, akka-http-core,
> akka-http-spray-json-experimental. Installed by build.gradle.
>         argcomplete : Apache
>             Python library. Bash tab completion for argparse.
> Installed by tools/ubuntu-setup/pip.sh.
>         httplib : Python
>             Python library. HTTP protocol client. Installed by .
>         jsonschema : MIT
>             Python library. Installed by tools/ubuntu-setup/pip.sh.
>         spray (source) : Apache 2
>             Scala libraries for building/consuming RESTful web
> services on top of Akka. Installed by build.gradle. Specifically but
> not limited to: spray-caching, spray-json, spray-can, spray-client,
> spray-httpx, spray-io, spray-routing.
>         log4j:log4j:1.2.16
>             Java logging library. Installed by build.gradle.
>         org.apache.* Libraries : Apache 2
>             Including: org.apache.commons.*.
> org.apache.zookeeper:zookeeper, org.apache.kafka:kafka-clients,
> org.apache.httpcomponents:httpclient. See build.gradle for current
> list and versions.
>             Including low level HTTP transport component libraries:
> org.apache.http.*, org.apache.httpcomponents:
>             httpclient, . See whisk/common for current list and versions.
>             org.apache.jute.compiler.JString
>         urlparse : Python
>             Python library for URL string parsing. Referenced by
> tools/cli/wskutil.py
>             tools/build/citool.
>         swagger-ui 2.1.4 : Apache 2 * atypical license text
>             Collection of HTML, Javascript, and CSS assets that
> dynamically generate documentation from a Swagger-compliant API.  See
> core/controller/Dockerfile.
>     Optional Services and Tooling:
>         Cloudant : Apache 2
>             (Optional) Database service.  User may connect to instance
> from README.  CouchDB can be used otherwise.
>         Eclipse IDE : Eclipse Public License (EPL)
>             Tooling, IDE. (Optional). OpenWhisk supplies a .project
> and .pydevproject files for the Eclipse IDE.
>         emacs  : Emacs GPL
>             Tooling, Editor. (Optional) Installs Emacs editor.
> Installed by emacs.sh.
>   * Swift3 Runtime Dependencies:
>         The following Python libraries are installed in the
> core/swift3Action/Dockerfile:
>         Python 2.7 : Python
>             Python Std. Library.
>         python-gevent : MIT
>             Python proxy support.
>         python-distribute : PSF (or ZPL)
>              Supports the download, build, install, upgrade, uninstall
> of Python packages. See: http://pythonhosted.org/distribute. Note:
> this is a fork of: https://github.com/pypa/setuptools.
>         python-pip : MIT
>             PyPA recommended tool for installing Python packages.
>         python-flask : BSD
>             Python proxy support.
>         clang  : NCSA Open Source
>             'C' Library. Apple compiler front-end for ‘C’ (LLVM back-end).
>         libedit-dev  : BSD (3-clause)
>             Linux, BSD editline and hostry library.
>         libxml2-dev : MIT
>             Linux, Gnome XML library.
>         libicu52  : Unicode
>             Linux, Unicode support library.
>         Kitura : Apache 2
>             Web framework and web server that is created for web
> services written in Swift.
>         Kitura dependencies : BSD (BSD-like)
>             Linux libraries including: autoconf, libtool,
> libkqueue-dev, libkqueue0, libdispatch-dev, libdispatch0,
> libcurl4-openssl-dev, libbsd-dev.
>         apple/swift-corelibs-libdispatch : Apache 2
>             Enables Swift code execution on multicore hardware.
>
> Adobe-API-Platform
>
>         Openresty - Licensed under the 2-clause BSD license -
> https://github.com/openresty/ngx_openresty#copyright--license
>         NGINX License - http://nginx.org/LICENSE
>         Luajit - MIT License - http://luajit.org/luajit.html
>         PCRE - BSD license - http://www.pcre.org/licence.txt
>         NAXSI: GPL - is not compiled with the Gateway API code.
> Instead The API Gateway project contains instructions for developers
> on where to get NAXSI code (under GPL)
>         ZeroMQ / ØMQ - Linked Dynamically in separate module
>         libzmq - LGPL license with SPECIAL EXCEPTION GRANTED BY
> COPYRIGHT HOLDERS - https://github.com/zeromq/libzmq
>         czmq - High Level C binding for libzmq - MPL v2 license
> https://github.com/zeromq/czmq
>
>
> == Trademarks ==
>
> IBM is pursuing trademarking of the OpenWhisk name in the following
> jurisdictions: Canada, France, WIPO (i.e., Australia, China, CTM
> (EUIPO), India, Mexico, Russian Federation, Switzerland, United States
> of America). IBM plans to transfer all filings and trademark ownership
> to ASF.
>
> == Cryptography ==
>
> Please note that the file
> https://github.com/openwhisk/openwhisk/blob/master/common/scala/src/main/scala/whisk/common/Crypt.scala
> makes use of the Java javax.crypto.* libraries to implement
> encrypt/decrypt functions. Primarily this is used to encrypt/decrypt
> user keys or secrets when being passed or stored between or by
> OpenWhisk components.
>
> In addition, the API Gateway modules (api-gateway-hmac) relies on
> OpenSSL (openssl/evp.h, openssl/hmac.h).
>
> == Required Resources ==
>
> Resources that infrastructure will be asked to supply for this project.
>
> Over the course of the incubator we would like to develop staging and
> playground server environments for testing and developer experience.
> The following environment would be desirable for an initial staging
> (and separate playground):
>
>  *  CI Test Cluster requirements:
>         3 VMs, Catalog (CouchDB/Cloudant), Router (Nginx), Registry
>         2 VMs, Master (Controller + Consul), Message Bus (Kafka)
>         10 VMs, Invokers
>         Each VM assumes 4 CPUs, 8GB Memory, 80GB additional storage
>  *  Mechanics:
>         Scripts that invoke Ansible playbooks for build, deploy (run)
> and clean are provided.
>         The various architectural components are started via Docker
> containers (either natively, within a single Vagrant VM, or across
> multiple, designated VM roles) using user configured (or defaulted)
> endpoints and (guest) authorization credentials.
>         In addition, the user/developer may choose to use the default
> ephemeral CouchDB (via Docker container) for the OpenWhisk catalog or
> switch to use a native CouchDB or a remote Cloudant database.
>
> In addition, we would like to host a VM with a Node.js server that
> provides Command Line Tutorials, along with demo samples.
>
> == Mailing lists ==
>
> Initially, we would start with the following recommended initial
> podling mailing lists:
>
>     private@openwhisk.incubator.apache.org,
>     dev@{podling}.incubator.apache.org
>
> We would add more as we transition off exiting mailings lists and
> through the course of incubation.
>
> == Git Repository ==
>
> As a community we would like to keep the master repository as well as
> issue tracking on GitHub. We will be working closely with ASF Infra.
> team to implement all the required pieces like ensure to send push and
> issue notifications through ASF controlled mailing lists. During
> incubation we will work closely with Infra to support GitHub master
> repositories. We also understand that we have to support a way of
> providing patches, which does not require a GitHub account for
> contributors who are not willing or not able abide by GitHub’s terms
> and conditions. It is our understanding that this approach has been
> signed off by Greg Stein, ASF’s Infrastructure Administrator.
>   gstein sez: the podling can only graduate within an approved
> repository system. The IPMC may have a differing opinion, but from an
> Infra perspective: the OpenWhisk podling can continue with their usage
> of a GitHub repository, but faces a clear obstacle: GitHub "as master
> [as allowed by the Foundation]" must be approved and working before
> the graduation, or they must migrate their primary to the Foundation's
> Git repository (at git-wip) before they graduate.
>
> If we need to adapt our repo. paths to conform to Apache guidelines
> (and perhaps necessitated by a move the the Apache named repo.) It is
> conventional to use all lower case, dash-separated (-) repository
> names. The repository should be prefixed with incubator and later
> renamed assuming the project is promoted to a TLP.
>
> If we need to move the project codebase from its existing GitHub repo.
> as part of incubation, we would like to preserve the directory names
> as they appear today and adopt the “apache” as part of the URI path as
> we have seen other projects adopt.
>
> This would mean all existing repositories which are now of the form:
>
>  *  https://github.com/openwhisk/openwhisk
>  *  https://github.com/openwhisk/openwhisk-catalog
>  *  https://githun.com/openwhisk/openwhisk-package-rss
>  *  etc.
>
> would now take the form:
>
>  *  https://github.com/apache/openwhisk/openwhisk
>  *  https://github.com/apache/openwhisk/openwhisk-catalog
>  *  https://githun.com/apache/openwhisk/openwhisk-package-rss
>  *  and so on ...
>
> == Issue Tracking ==
>
> We would like to explore the possibility of continuing to use GitHub
> issue tracking (as project milestones, epics and features are all
> nicely tracked via ZenHub boards) as we understand that this may now
> be possible. We will provide any linkage or support for JIRA issue
> tracking if that is required in order to track any “pull” requests
> within GitHub.
>
> == Other Resources ==
>
> We would like to preserve our existing automated TravisCI automated
> testing from GitHub. The project uses a continuous CD/CI process
> currently that we would like to continue to support via multiple
> stages that run progressive stress and performance tests that are also
> automated.
>
> == Initial Committers ==
>
> The following is the proposed list of initial committers, email
> address [, GitHub ID)]:
>
>  *  Bertrand Delacretaz, bdelacretaz@apache.org, bdelacretaz
>  *  Carlos Santana,  csantana@us.ibm.com, csantanapr
>  *  Carsten Ziegeler, cziegeler@apache.org, cziegeler
>  *  Chetan Mehrotra, chetanm@adobe.com, chetanmeh
>  *  Christian Bickel, CBICKEL@de.ibm.com, christianbickel
>  *  Daisy Guo, guoyingc@cn.ibm.com, daisy-ycguo
>  *  David Liu, david.liu@cn.ibm.com, lzbj
>  *  Dragos Dascalita Haut, ddascal@adobe.com, ddragosd
>  *  Jeremias Werner, JEREWERN@de.ibm.com, jeremiaswerner
>  *  Markus Thommes, markus.thoemmes@de.ibm.com, markusthoemmes
>  *  Matt Rutkowski, mrutkows@us.ibm.com, mrutkows
>  *  Nicholas Speeter, nwspeete@us.ibm.com, nwspeete-ibm
>  *  Paul Castro, castrop@us.ibm.com, paulcastro
>  *  Perry Cheng, perry@us.ibm.com, perryibm
>  *  Philippe Sutor, psuter@us.ibm.com, psutor
>  *  Rodric Rabbah, rabbah@us.ibm.com, rabbah
>  * Sergio Fernández, wikier@apache.org, wikier
>  *  Stephen Fink, sjfink@us.ibm.com, sjfink
>  *  Tony Ffrench, tffrench@us.ibm.com, tonyfrench
>  *  Vincent Hou, shou@us.ibm.com, houshengbo
>  * Edward J. Yoon, edward.yoon@samsung.com, edwardyoon
>
> Although this list of initial committers appears long, OpenWhisk is a
> complete platform which consists of many services supporting many
> environments, programming languages and integrations. This diversity
> in needs is reflected by the size of the initial committers group.
> OpenWhisk also supports an end user ecosystem including CLI, Tooling,
> Package Catalog, “curated” Packages, samples, etc. along with the
> intention of tying in API gateway (e.g., OpenAPI) and other event
> source integrations.
>
> We hope to add many more committers who provide expertise and the
> various areas OpenWhisk uses to efficiently provide an exceptional
> Serverless platform with compelling content.
>
> == Affiliations ==
>
> Additional TBD during the proposal process
>
> == Sponsors ==
>
> Additional TBD during the proposal process.
>
> == Sponsoring Entity ==
>
> OpenWhisk would ask that the Apache Incubator be the sponsor.


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