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From Dilli Arumugam <darumu...@hortonworks.com>
Subject Re: [VOTE] [PROPOSAL] Accept OpenAz (Access Control Tools) into the Apache Incubator
Date Thu, 08 Jan 2015 18:10:13 GMT
+1

On Thu, Jan 8, 2015 at 7:14 PM, DRAGOSH, PAMELA L (PAM) <
pdragosh@research.att.com> wrote:

> +1
>
>
> Pam
>
> Pamela L. Dragosh
> PMTS ­ Research
> One AT&T Way
> 4D-170P
> Bedminster, NJ 07921
> 908-901-2120 - Office
> pdragosh@research.att.com
>
>
>
> On 1/5/15, 2:04 PM, "Hal Lockhart" <hal.lockhart@oracle.com> wrote:
>
> >I added a comma and the word "and" to the Mentors section. The Mentors
> >are:
> >
> >Emmanuel Lécharny, Colm O hEigeartaigh and Hadrian Zbarcea
> >
> >Do you see any other formatting errors?
> >
> >Hal
> >
> >> -----Original Message-----
> >> From: Roman Shaposhnik [mailto:roman@shaposhnik.org]
> >> Sent: Monday, January 05, 2015 1:24 PM
> >> To: general@incubator.apache.org
> >> Subject: Re: [VOTE] [PROPOSAL] Accept OpenAz (Access Control Tools)
> >> into the Apache Incubator
> >>
> >> Hi!
> >>
> >> can you please fix the formatting issues? For example, I can't even
> >> tell the exact list of mentors you're proposing.
> >>
> >> Thanks,
> >> Roman.
> >>
> >> On Mon, Jan 5, 2015 at 10:15 AM, Hal Lockhart <hal.lockhart@oracle.com>
> >> wrote:
> >> > I call a vote to accept OpenAz as a new Incubator project.
> >> >
> >> > The proposal can be found here:
> >> > https://wiki.apache.org/incubator/OpenAZProposal
> >> >
> >> > and is included below in this email.
> >> >
> >> > Voting will remain open until at least January 20, 2015 23:00 ET.
> >> >
> >> > Hal Lockhart
> >> >
> >> > ---------------------------------------------------------------------
> >> -
> >> > -----------------
> >> >
> >> > Abstract
> >> >
> >> > OpenAz is a project to create tools and libraries to enable the
> >> development of Attribute-based Access Control (ABAC) Systems in a
> >> variety of languages. In general the work is at least consistent with
> >> or actually conformant to the OASIS XACML Standard.
> >> >
> >> > Proposal
> >> >
> >> > Generally the work falls into two categories: ready to use tools
> >> which implement standardized or well understood components of an ABAC
> >> system and design proposals and proof of concept code relating to less
> >> well understood or experimental aspects of the problem.
> >> >
> >> > Much of the work to date has revolved around defining interfaces
> >> enabling a PEP to request an access control decision from a PDP. The
> >> XACML standard defines an abstract request format in xml and protocol
> >> wire formats in xaml and json, but it does not specify programmatic
> >> interfaces in any language. The standard says that the use of XML (or
> >> JSON) is not required only the semantic equivalent.
> >> >
> >> > The first Interface, AzAPI is modeled closely on the XACML defined
> >> interface, expressed in Java. One of the goals was to support calls to
> >> both a PDP local to the same process and a PDP in a remote server.
> >> AzAPI includes the interface, reference code to handle things like the
> >> many supported datatypes in XACML and glue code to mate it to the open
> >> source Sun XACML implementation.
> >> >
> >> > Because of the dependence on Sun XACML (which is XACML 2.0) the
> >> interface was missing some XACML 3.0 features. More recently this was
> >> corrected and WSo2 has mated it to their XACML 3.0 PDP. Some work was
> >> done by the JPMC team to support calling a remote PDP. WSo2 is also
> >> pursuing this capability.
> >> >
> >> > A second, higher level interface, PEPAPI was also defined. PEPAPI is
> >> more intended for application developers with little knowledge of
> >> XACML. It allows Java objects which contain attribute information to be
> >> passed in. Conversion methods, called mappers extract information from
> >> the objects and present it in the format expected by XACML. Some
> >> implementers have chosen to implement PEPAPI directly against their
> >> PDP, omitting the use of AzAPI. Naomaru Itoi defined a C++ interface
> >> which closely matches the Java one.
> >> >
> >> > Examples of more speculative work include: proposals for registration
> >> and dispatch of Obligation and Advice handlers, a scheme called AMF to
> >> tell PIPs how to retrieve attributes and PIP code to implement it,
> >> discussion of PoC code to demonstrate the use of XACML policies to
> >> drive OAuth interations and a proposal to use XACML policies to express
> >> OAuth scope.
> >> >
> >> > AT&T has recently contributed their extensive XACML framework to the
> >> project.
> >> >
> >> > The AT&T framework represents the entire XACML 3.0 object set as a
> >> collection of Java interfaces and standard implementations of those
> >> interfaces. The AT&T PDP engine is built on top of this framework and
> >> represents a complete implementation of a XACML 3.0 PDP, including all
> >> of the multi-decision profiles. In addition, the framework also
> >> contains an implementation of the OASIS XACML 3.0 RESTful API v1.0 and
> >> XACML JSON Profile v1.0 WD 14. The PEP API includes annotation
> >> functionality, allowing application developers to simply annotate a
> >> Java class to provide attributes for a request. The annotation support
> >> removes the need for application developers to learn much of the API.
> >> >
> >> > The AT&T framework also includes interfaces and implementations to
> >> standardize development of PIP engines that are used by the AT&T PDP
> >> implementation, and can be used by other implementations built on top
> >> of the AT&T framework. The framework also includes interfaces and
> >> implementations for a PAP distributed cloud infrastructure of PDP nodes
> >> that includes support for policy distribution and pip configurations.
> >> This PAP infrastructure includes a web application administrative
> >> console that contains a XACML 3.0 policy editor, attribute dictionary
> >> support, and management of PDP RESTful node instances. In addition,
> >> there are tools available for policy simulation.
> >> >
> >> > Background
> >> >
> >> > Access Control is in some ways the most basic IT Security service. It
> >> consists of making a decision about whether a particular request should
> >> be allowed and enforcing that decision. Aside from schemes like
> >> permission bits and Access Control Lists (ACLs) the most common way
> >> access control is implemented is as code in a server or application
> >> which typically intertwines access control logic with business logic,
> >> User interface and other software. This makes it difficult to
> >> understand, modify, analyze or even locate the security policy. The
> >> primary challenge of Access Control is striking the right balance
> >> between powerful expression and intelligibility to human beings.
> >> >
> >> > The OASIS XACML Standard exemplifies Attribute-Based Access Control
> >> (ABAC). In ABAC, the Policy Decision Point (PDP) is isolated from other
> >> components. The Policy Enforcement Point (PEP) must be located so as to
> >> be able to enforce the decision, typically near the resource. The PEP
> >> first asks the PDP if access should be allowed and provides data, in
> >> the form of Attributes, to be used as input to the policies held by the
> >> PDP.
> >> >
> >> > In addition to responding permit or deny, XACML allows a policy to
> >> emit Obligations or Advice, which direct the PEP to do certain things,
> >> such logging the access or failure or promising to get rid of the data
> >> after 30 days.
> >> >
> >> > Attributes are identified as being in a certain category which
> >> represents one element in the proposed access. For example attributes
> >> may be associated with the resource being accessed, the action being
> >> taken or the environment, .e.g. date/time. Attributes may also be
> >> associated with any or several types of Subjects, which represent the
> >> active parties to the access, such as the requester, intermediaries,
> >> the recipient (if different), the codebase, the machine executing the
> >> code.
> >> >
> >> > Attributes may be provided by the PEP and usually at least a few are,
> >> but Attributes may also added by other components of the system. It is
> >> also possible for a PDP to add attributes in the middle of policy
> >> evaluation. All of these obtain Attributes from the Policy Information
> >> Point (PIP).
> >> >
> >> > The Policy Administration Point (PAP) creates policies and manages
> >> then through their life cycles and generally the entire infrastructure.
> >> >
> >> > The XACML language is essentially a set of expressions which evaluate
> >> to a Boolean. If true the policy is said to be applicable. The Policy
> >> contains permit or deny and may include Permissions and or Advice. If
> >> policies disagree we resolve the conflict with combining algorithms.
> >> XACML provides some standard ones and you can implement your own.
> >> Mostly they are common sense like drop non-applicable polices. A
> >> commonly used algorithm is default deny. Deny overrides permit.
> >> >
> >> > Rationale
> >> >
> >> > Access Control may be the most basic security service, but for the
> >> most part it remains primitive in practice. While other services like
> >> message protection and authentication have seen many advances in recent
> >> years and decades, deployed access control systems are opaque,
> >> difficult to us and harder to manage. Most organizations claim that
> >> they have security policies, protect privacy and accurately report
> >> financial results, but in practice they have no real way of discovering
> >> whether their systems actually behave the way they are alleged to do.
> >> >
> >> > Just the foreground problems relating to deploying practical ABAC
> >> systems make a formidable list. If only the PDP knows what the policies
> >> are, how do we make sure it gets the attributes it needs to evaluate
> >> policies? How can we name organize, register and dispatch Obligations
> >> and Advice, allowing handlers to be provided by the system and added by
> >> users? How can the XACML 3.0 feature of being able to create your own
> >> attribute categories best be supported by the infrastructure and
> >> utilized by users? What are the best ways to create and test policies?
> >> What tools will best help us analyze the effects of the policies in
> >> force?
> >> >
> >> > However, new requirements are rapidly being introduced and need to be
> >> met. Privacy requirements continue to increase in complexity and scope.
> >> Data which moves around, such as documents, need to be protected. We
> >> need secure ways to delegate authority without undermining the
> >> integrity of the access control system. New applications, business and
> >> social relationships are driving the need for new policy and delegation
> >> capabilities.
> >> >
> >> > We believe that the way to meet these challenges is to get more
> >> people actively engaged in using what is currently available so they
> >> can understand its limitations and make it better. We need to make it
> >> far easier to get a basic access control infrastructure up and running.
> >> We need more people who are familiar with XACML the way many people are
> >> familiar with SQL. If as some people say, XACML is the assembly
> >> language of access control, we need the real world experience with it
> >> that will lead us to the useful abstractions that can be implemented in
> >> higher level languages and other tools.
> >> >
> >> > Initial Goals
> >> >
> >> > Work is currently underway to extend the PEPAPI and increase its
> >> flexibility. Since it does not directly correspond to any standard the
> >> way AzAPI does, it is necessary to struggle with the issues of what to
> >> expose and what to hide from consumers of the API.
> >> >
> >> > Other work in progress involves the architecture of Obligations and
> >> Advice. There is also an effort to develop a remote client which can
> >> easily be dropped into any Java environment and make decision requests
> >> of any commercial or open source XACML PDP.
> >> >
> >> > The contribution of AT&T's framework creates a need to integrate the
> >> prior work with it. Most of the focus will be on AzAPI and the
> >> corresponding AT&T API, which do largely the same thing. The result is
> >> likely to be a synthesis, since each has features the other lacks. Then
> >> PEPAPI will need to be integrated with the new API. The AT&T PDP and
> >> PAP will be incorporated as is. There has been some parallel work done
> >> in the area of PIPs. Work will be required to understand how to proceed
> >> here.
> >> >
> >> > Current Status
> >> >
> >> > Meritocracy
> >> >
> >> > The project was started by Prateek Mishra, Rich Levinson and Hal
> >> Lockhart in 2010. Rich Levinson wrote most of the AzAPI and PEPAPI
> >> code. Naomaru Itoi defined the C++ version of the PEPAPI. In 2013
> >> Duanhua Tu and Ajith Nair contributed code both using and extending
> >> AzAPI and PEPAPI and incorporating PIPs using the AMF as originally
> >> proposed by Hal Lockhart. In 2013 Erik Rissanen, Srijith Nair and Rich
> >> Levinson updated AzAPI to include all XACML 3.0 features. In 2014 Pam
> >> Dragosh and Chris Rath contributed the XACML infrastructure they had
> >> developed at AT&T.
> >> >
> >> > During most of its history the project has been very small and has
> >> made decisions by informal consensus. Major design issues have been
> >> decided by open debate. Minor issues and experimental proposals have
> >> been openly welcomed. Several of the participants have a background in
> >> open consensus-based standards making.
> >> >
> >> > In addition to the mailing list, the project has regular phone calls
> >> every other Thursday.
> >> >
> >> > Community
> >> >
> >> > The original focus of the project was to attract developers of XACML
> >> products, either individuals or corporations, and to build alignment
> >> among vendors on a common API that could simplify technical integration
> >> for their customers. As OpenAz has matured, our community has grown to
> >> include application developers working to adopt and deploy XACML in
> >> their applications. So, for example, contributions reflect what
> >> individual developers have learned in vertical industries such as
> >> financial services, healthcare, and computing and communications
> >> services, and our APIs and internal component architecture have evolved
> >> to reflect a strong practical understanding of what it takes to deploy
> >> XACML applications in a large organization.
> >> >
> >> > Core Developers
> >> >
> >> > The following developers have written most of the code to date.
> >> >
> >> > Pam Dragosh <pdragosh at research dot att dot com> Rich Levinson
<
> >> > rich.levinson at oracle dot com> Ajith Nair <ajithkumar.r.nair at
> >> > jpmchase dot com> Chris Rath <car at research dot att dot com>
> >> Duanhua
> >> > Tu <duanhua.tu at jpmchase dot com>
> >> >
> >> > The following people made other significant technical contributions.
> >> >
> >> > David Laurence <david.c.laurance at jpmorgan dot com> Hal Lockhart
> >> > <hal.lockhart at oracle dot com> Prateek Mishra prateek.mishra at
> >> > oracle dot com>
> >> >
> >> > Alignment
> >> >
> >> > It has always been a goal to make OpenAz an Apache project. The
> >> Apache license was used for all contributions. We believe the project
> >> has now reached a critical size in terms of developers, organizations
> >> and contributed code to make it appropriate to make a proposal to the
> >> Incubator.
> >> >
> >> > Known Risks
> >> >
> >> > Orphaned Projects
> >> >
> >> > Given the small size of the project, there is a risk of the project
> >> being orphaned. There seems to be strong interest in the use of our
> >> tools, which should markedly increase with the contribution of the AT&T
> >> code. "Where can I get an open source PDP?" and "where can I get an
> >> open source policy editor?" are frequent questions on XACML mailing
> >> lists.
> >> >
> >> > Inexperience with Open Source
> >> >
> >> > While few of the developers have extensive experience with open
> >> source, a number of us have long experience in standards making in open
> >> consensus-based environments. For example the XACML TC has operated
> >> since 2001 based on consensus building, with few, if any votes which
> >> were not unanimous. The main challenge to the project will be managing
> >> the process with more participants and a more formal process.
> >> >
> >> > Homogeneous Developers
> >> >
> >> > Currently all the contributors are employees either of companies
> >> offering an XACML product or large end users deploying XACML technology
> >> for internal use. The positive aspect is that they are all highly
> >> experienced senior developers used to operating in a disciplined
> >> environment. The disadvantage is that the focus to date has mostly been
> >> problems that arise in large scale environments typified by the
> >> infrastructure of large corporations.
> >> >
> >> > Reliance on Salaried Developers
> >> >
> >> > All current committers are salaried developers. However the
> >> organizations they work for have a long term commitment to the
> >> technology. We hope that in the Apache foundation we will be able to
> >> attract new developers to help us address the many fascinating unsolved
> >> technological problems associated with deploying ABAC.
> >> >
> >> > Relationship with other Apache Projects
> >> >
> >> > As far as we can determine, no existing Apache project overlaps with
> >> OpenAz in its goals of the technology developed so far. However, beyond
> >> the immediate project goals there are many potential opportunities for
> >> integration with existing Apache projects. Shiro, Turbine and WSS4J are
> >> Java frameworks which could incorporate XACML as the policy language
> >> using OpenAz components. Manifold CF, Qpid and Archiva already have
> >> hooks to incorporate external access control systems.
> >> >
> >> > An Excessive Fascination with the Apache Brand
> >> >
> >> > We hope that becoming an Apache project will not only attract new
> >> participants to OpenAz, but will draw attention to the neglected field
> >> of access control. As previously stated it has always been our goal to
> >> join Apache, the only question was when the time was ripe.
> >> >
> >> > Documentation
> >> >
> >> > The OpenAz web site is:
> >> >
> >> > http://www.openliberty.org/wiki/index.php/OpenAz_Main_Page
> >> >
> >> > Java docs can be found here:
> >> >
> >> >
> >> http://openaz.svn.sourceforge.net/viewvc/openaz/trunk/openaz/test/doc/
> >> > index.html
> >> >
> >> > Initial Source
> >> >
> >> > The AzAPI, PEPAPI and other related code can be found on sourceforge:
> >> >
> >> > http://openaz.svn.sourceforge.net/viewvc/openaz/
> >> >
> >> > AT&T's framework can be found on github:
> >> >
> >> > https://github.com/att/XACML
> >> >
> >> > Source and Intellectual Property Submission Plan
> >> >
> >> > All the OpenAz code has been submitted under the Apache 2.0 license.
> >> The AT&T software is available under the MIT license. Over time the
> >> project will move to a single license.
> >> >
> >> > External Dependencies
> >> >
> >> > There aren't any we are aware of.
> >> >
> >> > Cryptography
> >> >
> >> > OpenAz does not provide any cryptographic capabilities. The XACML
> >> Standard does specify some uses of cryptography directly, e.g. digital
> >> signatures over policies and others by implication, e.g. authentication
> >> via cryptography.
> >> >
> >> > Required Resources
> >> >
> >> > Mailing lists
> >> >
> >> > The standard lists should be sufficient at the current time.The
> >> mailing list name will be openaz.
> >> >
> >> > Git Directory
> >> >
> >> > We propose:
> >> > https://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/incubator-openaz.git
> >> >
> >> > Issue Tracking
> >> >
> >> > The project will use JIRA for issue tracking.
> >> >
> >> > Initial Committers
> >> >
> >> > Rich Levinson Hal Lockhart Prateek Mishra David Laurance Duanhua Tu
> >> > Ajith Nair Srijith Nair Pam Dragosh Chris Rath
> >> >
> >> > Affiliations
> >> >
> >> > Rich Levinson, Hal Lockhart and Prateek Mishra work for Oracle. David
> >> Laurance, Duanhua Tu and Ajith Nair work for JP Morgan-Chase. Srijith
> >> Nair works for Axiomatics. Pam Dragosh and Chris Rath work for AT&T.
> >> >
> >> > Sponsors
> >> >
> >> > Champion
> >> >
> >> > Paul Fremantle
> >> >
> >> > Nominated Mentors
> >> >
> >> > Emmanuel Lécharny Colm O hEigeartaigh Hadrian Zbarcea
> >> >
> >> > Sponsoring Entity
> >> >
> >> > The Sponsoring Entity will be the Incubator.
> >> >
> >> > ---------------------------------------------------------------------
> >> > To unsubscribe, e-mail: general-unsubscribe@incubator.apache.org
> >> > For additional commands, e-mail: general-help@incubator.apache.org
> >> >
> >>
> >> ---------------------------------------------------------------------
> >> To unsubscribe, e-mail: general-unsubscribe@incubator.apache.org
> >> For additional commands, e-mail: general-help@incubator.apache.org
> >>
> >
> >---------------------------------------------------------------------
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> >For additional commands, e-mail: general-help@incubator.apache.org
> >
>
>
> ---------------------------------------------------------------------
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>

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