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From Henry Saputra <henry.sapu...@gmail.com>
Subject Re: [PROPOSAL] Optiq
Date Fri, 02 May 2014 18:23:44 GMT
Ah sorry, I did not mean "asking to update", I meant "proposing to update".

Thanks,

- Henry

On Fri, May 2, 2014 at 11:20 AM, Henry Saputra <henry.saputra@gmail.com> wrote:
> HI Ashutosh,
>
> Since there was a question/ comment about relationship with Apache
> MetaModel, I am asking to update the proposal to include this
> discussion in either "Relationships with Other Apache Products" or
> "Alignment" section before going for a VOTE.
>
> Apache Slider did the same thing with relation to Apache Twill and
> Apache Helix projects.
>
> Thanks,
>
> - Henry
>
> On Wed, Apr 30, 2014 at 3:21 PM, Ashutosh Chauhan <hashutosh@apache.org> wrote:
>> I would like to propose Optiq as an Apache Incubator project.  I have
>> posted the proposal to https://wiki.apache.org/incubator/OptiqProposal and
>> posted the text of the proposal below.
>>
>> Ashutosh.
>>
>> = Optiq =
>> == Abstract ==
>>
>> Optiq is a framework that allows efficient translation of queries involving
>> heterogeneous and federated data.
>>
>> == Proposal ==
>>
>> Optiq is a highly customizable engine for parsing and planning queries on
>> data in a wide variety of formats. It allows database-like access, and in
>> particular a SQL interface and advanced query optimization, for data not
>> residing in a traditional database.
>>
>> == Background ==
>>
>> Databases were traditionally engineered in a monolithic stack, providing a
>> data storage format, data processing algorithms, query parser, query
>> planner, built-in functions, metadata repository and connectivity layer.
>> They innovate in some areas but rarely in all.
>>
>> Modern data management systems are decomposing that stack into separate
>> components, separating data, processing engine, metadata, and query
>> language support. They are highly heterogeneous, with data in multiple
>> locations and formats, caching and redundant data, different workloads, and
>> processing occurring in different engines.
>>
>> Query planning (sometimes called query optimization) has always been a key
>> function of a DBMS, because it allows the implementors to introduce new
>> query-processing algorithms, and allows data administrators to re-organize
>> the data without affecting applications built on that data. In a
>> componentized system, the query planner integrates the components (data
>> formats, engines, algorithms) without introducing unncessary coupling or
>> performance tradeoffs.
>>
>> But building a query planner is hard; many systems muddle along without a
>> planner, and indeed a SQL interface, until the demand from their customers
>> is overwhelming.
>>
>> There is an opportunity to make this process more efficient by creating a
>> re-usable framework.
>>
>> == Rationale ==
>>
>> Optiq allows database-like access, and in particular a SQL interface and
>> advanced query optimization, for data not residing in a traditional
>> database. It is complementary to many current Hadoop and NoSQL systems,
>> which have innovative and performant storage and runtime systems but lack a
>> SQL interface and intelligent query translation.
>>
>> Optiq is already in use by several projects, including Apache Drill, Apache
>> Hive and Cascading Lingual, and commercial products.
>>
>> Optiq's architecture consists of:
>>
>> An extensible relational algebra.
>> SPIs (service-provider interfaces) for metadata (schemas and tables),
>> planner rules, statistics, cost-estimates, user-defined functions.
>> Built-in sets of rules for logical transformations and common data-sources.
>> Two query planning engines driven by rules, statistics, etc. One engine is
>> cost-based, the other rule-based.
>> Optional SQL parser, validator and translator to relational algebra.
>> Optional JDBC driver.
>> == Initial Goals ==
>>
>> The initial goals are be to move the existing codebase to Apache and
>> integrate with the Apache development process. Once this is accomplished,
>> we plan for incremental development and releases that follow the Apache
>> guidelines.
>>
>> As we move the code into the org.apache namespace, we will restructure
>> components as necessary to allow clients to use just the components of
>> Optiq that they need.
>>
>> A version 1.0 release, including pre-built binaries, will foster wider
>> adoption.
>>
>> == Current Status ==
>>
>> Optiq has had over a dozen minor releases over the last 18 months. Its core
>> SQL parser and validator, and its planning engine and core rules, are
>> mature and robust and are the basis for several production systems; but
>> other components and SPIs are still undergoing rapid evolution.
>>
>> === Meritocracy ===
>>
>> We plan to invest in supporting a meritocracy. We will discuss the
>> requirements in an open forum. We encourage the companies and projects
>> using Optiq to discuss their requirements in an open forum and to
>> participate in development. We will encourage and monitor community
>> participation so that privileges can be extended to those that contribute.
>>
>> Optiq's pluggable architecture encourages developers to contribute
>> extensions such as adapters for data sources, new planning rules, and
>> better statistics and cost-estimation functions. We look forward to
>> fostering a rich ecosystem of extensions.
>>
>> === Community ===
>>
>> Building a data management system requires a high degree of technical
>> skill, and correspondingly, the community of developers directly using
>> Optiq is potentially fairly small, albeit highly technical and engaged. But
>> we also expect engagement from members of the communities of projects that
>> use Optiq, such as Drill and Hive. And we intend to structure Optiq so that
>> it can be used for lighter weight applications, such as providing a SQL and
>> JDBC interface to a NoSQL system.
>>
>> === Core Developers ===
>>
>> The developers on the initial committers list are all experienced open
>> source developers, and are actively using Optiq in their projects.
>>
>>  * Julian Hyde is lead developer of Mondrian, an open source OLAP engine,
>> and an Apache Drill committer.
>>  * Chris Wensel is lead developer of Cascading, and of Lingual, the SQL
>> interface to Cascading built using Optiq.
>>  * Jacques Nadeau is lead developer of Apache Drill, which uses Optiq.
>>
>> In addition, there are several regular contributors whom we hope will
>> graduate to committers during the incubation process.
>>
>> We realize that additional employer diversity is needed, and we will work
>> aggressively to recruit developers from additional companies.
>>
>> === Alignment ===
>>
>> Apache, and in particular the ecosystem surrounding Hadoop, contains
>> several projects for building data management systems that leverage each
>> other's capabilities. Optiq is a natural fit for that ecosystem, and will
>> help foster projects meeting new challenges.
>>
>> Optiq is already used by Apache Hive and Apache Drill; Optiq embeds Apache
>> Spark as an optional engine; we are in discussion with Apache Phoenix about
>> integrating JDBC and query planning.
>>
>> == Known Risks ==
>>
>> === Orphaned Products ===
>>
>> Optiq is already a key component in three independent projects, each backed
>> by a different company, so the risk of being orphaned is relatively low. We
>> plan to mitigate this risk by recruiting additional committers, and
>> promoting Optiq's adoption as a framework by other projects.
>>
>> === Inexperience with Open Source ===
>>
>> The initial committers are all Apache members, some of whom have several
>> years in the Apache Hadoop community. The founder of the project, Julian
>> Hyde, has been a founder and key developer in open source projects for over
>> ten years.
>>
>> === Homogenous Developers ===
>>
>> The initial committers are employed by a number of companies, including
>> Concurrent, Hortonworks, MapR Technologies and Salesforce.com. We are
>> committed to recruiting additional committers from outside these companies.
>>
>> === Reliance on Salaried Developers ===
>>
>> Like most open source projects, Optiq receives substantial support from
>> salaried developers. This is to be expected given that it is a highly
>> technical framework. However, they are all passionate about the project,
>> and we are confident that the project will continue even if no salaried
>> developers contribute to the project. As a framework, the project
>> encourages the involvement of members of other projects, and of academic
>> researchers. We are committed to recruiting additional committers including
>> non-salaried developers.
>>
>> === Relationships with Other Apache Products ===
>>
>> As mentioned in the Alignment section, Optiq is being used by Apache Hive
>> and Apache Drill, and has adapters for Apache Phoenix and Apache Spark.
>> Optiq often operates on data in a Hadoop environment, so collaboration with
>> other Hadoop projects is desirable and highly likely.
>>
>> === An Excessive Fascination with the Apache Brand ===
>>
>> Optiq solves a real problem, as evidenced by its take-up by other projects.
>> This proposal is not for the purpose of generating publicity. Rather, the
>> primary benefits to joining Apache are those outlined in the Rationale
>> section.
>>
>> == Documentation ==
>>
>> Additional documentation for Optiq may be found on its github site:
>>
>>  * [[https://github.com/julianhyde/optiq/blob/master/README.md|Overview]]
>>  * [[
>> https://github.com/julianhyde/optiq-csv/blob/master/TUTORIAL.md|Tutorial]]
>>  * [[https://github.com/julianhyde/optiq/blob/master/HOWTO.md|HOWTO]]
>>  * [[https://github.com/julianhyde/optiq/blob/master/REFERENCE.md|Referenceguide]]
>>
>> === Presentation: ===
>>
>>  *[[
>> https://github.com/julianhyde/share/blob/master/slides/optiq-richrelevance-2013.pdf?raw=true|
>> SQL on Big Data using Optiq]]
>> == Initial Source ==
>>
>> The initial code codebase resides in three projects, all hosted on github:
>>
>>  * https://github.com/julianhyde/optiq
>>  * https://github.com/julianhyde/optiq-csv
>>  * https://github.com/julianhyde/linq4j
>>
>> === Source and Intellectual Property Submission Plan ===
>>
>> The initial codebase is already distributed under the Apache 2.0 License.
>> The owners of the IP have indicated willingness to sign the SGA.
>>
>> === External Dependencies ===
>>
>> Optiq and Linq4j have the following external dependencies.
>>
>>  * Java 1.6, 1.7 or 1.8
>>  * Apache Maven, Commons
>>  * JavaCC (BSD license)
>>  * Sqlline 1.1.6 (BSD license)
>>  * Junit 4.11 (EPL)
>>  * Janino (BSD license)
>>  * Guava (Apache 2.0 license)
>>  * Eigenbase-resgen, eigenbase-xom, eigenbase-properties (Apache 2.0
>> license)
>>
>> Some of Optiq's adapters (optiq-csv, optiq-mongodb, optiq-spark,
>> optiq-splunk) are currently developed alongside core Optiq, and have the
>> following additional dependencies:
>>
>>  * Open CSV 2.3 (Apache 2.0 license)
>>  * Apache Incubator Spark
>>  * Mongo Java driver (Apache 2.0 license)
>> Upon acceptance to the incubator, we would begin a thorough analysis of all
>> transitive dependencies to verify this information and introduce license
>> checking into the build and release process by integrating with Apache Rat.
>>
>> === Cryptography ===
>>
>> Optiq will eventually support encryption on the wire. This is not one of
>> the initial goals, and we do not expect Optiq to be a controlled export
>> item due to the use of encryption.
>>
>> == Required Resources ==
>>
>> === Mailing Lists ===
>>
>>  * private@optiq.incubator.apache.org
>>  * dev@optiq.incubator.apache.org (will be migrated from
>> optiq-dev@googlegroups.com)
>>  * commits@optiq.incubator.apache.org
>>
>> === Source control ===
>>
>> The Optiq team would like to use git for source control, due to our current
>> use of git/github. We request a writeable git repo git://
>> git.apache.org/incubator-optiq, and mirroring to be set up to github
>> through INFRA.
>>
>> === Issue Tracking ===
>>
>> Optiq currently uses the github issue tracking system associated with its
>> github repo: https://github.com/julianhyde/optiq/issues. We will migrate to
>> the Apache JIRA: http://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/OPTIQ.
>>
>> == Initial Committers ==
>>
>>  * Julian Hyde (jhyde at apache dot org)
>>  * Jacques Nadeau (jacques at apache dot org)
>>  * James R. Taylor (jamestaylor at apache dot org)
>>  * Chris Wensel (cwensel at apache dot org)
>>
>> === Affiliations ===
>>
>> The initial committers are employees of Concurrent, Hortonworks, MapR and
>> Salesforce.com.
>>
>>  * Julian Hyde (Hortonworks)
>>  * Jacques Nadeau (MapR Technologies)
>>  * James R. Taylor (Salesforce.com)
>>  * Chris Wensel (Concurrent)
>>
>> == Sponsors ==
>>
>> === Champion ===
>>
>>  * Ashutosh Chauhan (hashutosh at apache dot org)
>>
>> === Nominated Mentors ===
>>
>>  * Ted Dunning (tdunning at apache dot org) - Chief Application Architect
>> at MapR Technologies; committer for Lucene, Mahout and ZooKeeper.
>>  * Alan Gates (gates at apache dot org) - Architect at Hortonworks;
>> committer for Pig, Hive and others.
>>  * Steven Noels (stevenn at apache dot org) - Chief Technical Officer at
>> NGDATA; committer for Cocoon and Forrest, mentor for Phoenix.
>>
>> === Sponsoring Entity ===
>>
>> The Apache Incubator.

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