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From Apache Wiki <>
Subject [Incubator Wiki] Update of "SkyWalkingProposal" by mck
Date Mon, 27 Nov 2017 22:09:55 GMT
Dear Wiki user,

You have subscribed to a wiki page or wiki category on "Incubator Wiki" for change notification.

The "SkyWalkingProposal" page has been changed by mck:

copy the draft proposal over from

New page:
''Follow the Apache guide: [[Guide :: A Guide To Proposal Creation|]].''

= Abstract =
Skywalking is an APM (application performance monitor), especially for microservice, Cloud
Native and container-based architecture systems. Also known as a distributed tracing system.
It provides an automatic way to instrument applications: no need to change any of the source
code of the target application; and an collector with an very high efficiency streaming module.

= Proposal =
The goal of this proposal is to bring the existing [[Skywalking|]]
codebase and existing developers and community into the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) in
order to build a global, diverse and self-governed open source community in APM field. 

This project started in Open Source on GitHub about more than 2 years ago. Beginning with
a small SDK and collector. So far the [[OpenSkywalking|]]
governs the project through the PMC and Committer Team. The major contributors are from '''Huawei
DevCloud Team''', '''Tydic''', '''Oneapm''' (APM vendor),  '''Alibaba Group''', ''''''
and '''cloudwise''' (APM vendor). 

OpenSkywalking is submitting this proposal to donate the Skywalking sources code and  associated
artifacts (documentation, web site content, wiki, etc.) to the Apache Software Foundation
Incubator under the Apache License, Version 2.0. These artifacts are currently available on
GitHub at and include:
 * Skywalking: The java sniffer(agent) for collecting data, and collector for analysing and
 * Skywalking-UI: The web UI for skywalking APM

''Voted on submitting the proposal to the Incubator. [[Check here|]]''

= Background =
Mircro-service, Cloud Native and container-based architecture system are becoming more and
more popular, so the traditional monitoring, like application loggings, can provide less information
because of the distributed isolates the relations. Based on the [[Google Dapper paper|]],
many tracing systems born. The OpenSkywalking organisation was created with  Skywalking made
based on tracing, but not just tracing, it adds additional value by reducing the sniffer (agent)
cost, analysis and visualization. 

In 2015, Skywalking project started, when service-oriented architecture became popular. At
first, skywalking provided a very simple SDK, and collected data into a HBASE cluster. After
we opened on the GitHub, the community gives the feedbacks about how difficult to maintain
a HBase cluster, even harder than the applications under monitored. So, in 2.x 2016, skywalking
provided a self-designed storage, and update the SDK to a javaagent with supporting auto-instrumentation.
Then since 2017, more and more contributors joined, we set up the PMC team and committer team.
Skywalking evolved to an APM, and more and more features provided since then.

= Rationale =
Skywalking includes these primary parts:
 1. Provide an anto-instrument sniffer, which is based on Javaagent and collects events and
traces happened inside JVM, with little CPU/Memory cost.
 1. An extendable `tracing data protocol suit` with gRPC and HTTP implementations, is compatible
for other language agent or SDK. 
 1. Provide Collector, which accepts the `tracing data protocol suit`, and does the analysis
and aggregation inside for detecting the relationships among applications and services, generating
the metrics, and altering.
 1. Provided our own UI, which visualizes the topological graph of related applications and
services, trace stack, metrics and alerting.

Also, Skywalking team is passionate about community cooperations. Skywalking is a supported
tracer and member of [[OpenTracing|]]. Also we take part in the [[TraceContext
Specs|]], which is about `tracing context
propagation format`. The founder of the project, Sheng Wu, is the member of these organizations,

There is a strong need for an open, easy-to-use APM towards helping today's DevOps people
to monitor their running systems, while also being easy and transparent to maintain and modify.
The Skywalking has been an hot open source project in GitHub. We feel that by moving to Apache
it will help us work in a more global and open way, presenting the project as a commercial
friendly but vendor neutral technology. Under Apache's strong governance and existing processes,
hope is also to make the Skywalking releases more reliable, as is crucial for monitoring systems
running in any Application Zone.

= Initial Goals =
Our initial goals are to bring Skywalking into the ASF. The most important things are following
ASF's governance module, and integrating with Apache development process. Also moving the
existing codebase to an Apache git repository.

= Current Status =
== Meritocracy ==
Skywalking was originally created by [[Sheng Wu,  吴晟|]] himself
in May 2015, and opened in GitHub in Nov. 8th, 2015. The project now has committers and users
from many companies. The newer committers of the project are guided by the existed PMC and
Committer Team members, by reviewing and discussing with them. When they are ready, PMC will
start a vote to promote him/her to become a member of PMC and Committer Team.
Also after the founder, Sheng Wu, joined Huawei in 2017, Huawei DevCloud decided to contribute
and support the project. So he personally leads the interested developers, and helps them
to join the community quickly and efficiently. Now we have set `Huawei Devcloud Contributor
Team` for them.
Contributions are always welcomed, highly valued. A lot of energy is allocated to ensure help
to all wishing to contribute.

== Community ==
OpenSkwaylking is supported by 5 companies: Huawei,,, tydic,
, which are both contributing to the project and also used it in product, also provide many
important feedbacks from their actual scenarios.
The contributors, who can provide employer informantions, are from '''Huawei DevCloud Team''',
'''Tydic''', '''Oneapm''' (APM vendor), '''Alibaba Group''', '''''', '''cloudwise'''
(APM vendor), '''''', '''''', '''''', and ''''''.

== Core Developers ==
The core developers are a diverse group of experienced open source developers and team leaders.
 * [[PMC members|]]
 * [[Committer Team members|]]

== Known Risks ==
The project is well known in global tracing and APM field, and live more than 2 years. We
are not sure there exists a risk, but definitely have a challenge for us. So far, the contributors,
committers and confirmed product use cases are all from China. 
=== Language and Culture ===
TBC (from offline conversations regarding how the community has so far been active with its
bilingual challenges)

== Orphaned products ==
The contributors and community cooperation brings the project from a small concept into a
real APM system. So far, many companies, e.g. Huawei DevCloud,, tydic,,
have their own independency contribute team for Skywalking. So this is not risk of any signs
of orphaned or abandoned code.

== Inexperience with Open Source ==
The founder of the project, Sheng Wu, is an open source lover. He contributed for these open
source projects(not all): OpenTracing-Specification, OpenTracing-Java, Motan, Hprose, OpenTracing
specification-zh, apache/incubator-rocketmq, since 2014.

Hongtao Gao, our committer team member, is the major maintainer of [[sharding-jdbc|]]
and [[elastic-job||]] since 2014.

The project are following these two experienced open source people's guidance. And glad to
learn from the Apache Way.

== Homogenous Developers ==
The confirmed contributors list:
As mentioned above in the [[Community|#community]] section.

== Reliance on Salaried Developers ==
First of all, most members of the PMC and Committer Team, are paid by their employers (Huawei,
Tydic, and OneAPM) to contribute to this project. But we have to say, many of
them have more than one employer in the past 3 years contribution, but the contributions are
never stopped. We don't just depend on salaried contributors only. Skywalking itself and the
distributed tracing field are very attractive and important for every company the contributors
work in, and they have no reason to stop them. Contributions and new committers are expected.

== Relationships with Other Apache Products ==
HBase was used as a backend before being rewritten, and that ZooKeeper, httpcomponents, log4j
and junit are used. Also we are considering all java projects, especially big data technology,
e.g. Hadoop, Hbase, Cassandra.

== A Excessive Fascination with the Apache Brand ==
The ASF has a strong brand, and that brand is in itself attractive. Skywalking will benefit
from world wide collaboration and use cases. The Apache brand will be duly respected and honored
in regards to  marketing and publicity. Further more, with the help of Incubator PMC, we will
make every effort to follow the rules and policies of the ASF.

== Documentation ==

== Initial Source ==

== Source and Intellectual Property Submission Plan ==
The project is under Apache Licensed 2.0 already. As soon as Skywalking is approved to join
Apache, we can transfer of source code to the Apache Foundation. There is no legal issue.
All source artifacts (code and documentation) will be assigned copyright to the ASF. Currently
all artifacts are copyright to 'OpenSkywalking Organization', so effort in this process pertains
mostly to obtaining the individual and corporation contributor agreements (ICLAs and CCLAs)
from all committers and PMC.

== External Dependencies ==
 * Byte-buddy (Apache 2.0)
 * gRPC (Apache 2.0)
 * netty (Apache 2.0)
 * guava (Apache 2.0)
 * elasticsearch (Apache 2.0)
 * H2 Driver (MPL 2.0 or EPL 1.0)
 * Zookeeper Client (Apache 2.0)
 * disruptor (Apache 2.0)
 * junit (MPL)
 * mockito (MIT)
 * powermock (Apache 2.0)
 * Spring (Apache 2.0)
 * gson  (Apache 2.0)
 * httpcomponents (Apache 2.0)
 * log4j  (Apache 2.0)
 * vis (Apache 2.0)
 * webjars-boostrap  (Apache 2.0)
 * animate.css (MIT)
 * jquery (
 * jquery-ui (
 * jsView (MIT)
 * metisMenu (MIT)
 * d3 (BSD-3)
 * echarts (BSD-3)
 * DataTables (MIT)
 * requirejs (MIT)
 * vue (MIT)

= Required Resources =
== Mailing Lists ==
 * (moderated subscriptions)

== Git Repositories ==

== Issue Tracking ==
JIRA Project Skywalking
(to be discussed)

== Initial Incubator PMC ==
 * 吴晟, Sheng Wu  @wu-sheng
 * 彭勇升, Yongsheng Peng  @peng-yongsheng
 * 张鑫, Xin Zhang  @ascrutae

== Initial Committer ==
 * 吴晟, Sheng Wu  @wu-sheng
 * 彭勇升, Yongsheng Peng  @peng-yongsheng
 * 张鑫, Xin Zhang  @ascrutae
 * 高洪涛, Hongtao Gao  @hanahmily
 * 柏杨, Yang Bai  @bai-yang
 * 王凯, Kai Wang  @oracle219
 * 李运涛, Yuntao Li  @lytscu
 * 汪盛, Sheng Wang  @titsquid
 * 司冬雪, Dongxue Si  @IluckySi
 * 张科伟, Kewei Zhang  @zhangkewei

= Champion =
 * Michael Semb Wever,

''Voted for skywalking Incubator champion. [[Check here|]]''

= Mentors =
 * Michael Semb Wever,
 * Luke Han,
 * Willem Ning Jiang,

Skywalking received a lot helps from Michael Semb Wever about this proposal and Apache way.
Set face-to-face meeting with three Apache members: Luke Han, Nicolas Hedhman, Willem Ning
Jiang. They helps us a lot.

== Sponsoring Entity ==
We are requesting the Incubator to sponsor this project.

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