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From Apache Wiki <wikidi...@apache.org>
Subject [Incubator Wiki] Update of "BoardElectionVoteCounting" by JimJagielski
Date Fri, 06 Jun 2008 18:56:16 GMT
Dear Wiki user,

You have subscribed to a wiki page or wiki category on "Incubator Wiki" for change notification.

The following page has been changed by JimJagielski:
http://wiki.apache.org/incubator/BoardElectionVoteCounting

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- ""IF YOU READ NOTHING ELSE, READ THIS: THE ORDER OF YOUR VOTE MATTERS - PEOPLE NEAR THE
FRONT OF YOUR LIST ARE MORE LIKELY TO BE ELECTED THAN PEOPLE AT THE END, NO MATTER HOW SHORT
YOUR LIST IS""
+ No longer here. Instead follow [[http://wiki.apache.org/general/BoardVoting me]]
  
- The members of the foundation elect the board; typically this happens close to the annual
member's meeting.
- 
- The foundation uses a modern, if confusing, vote counting scheme that is designed to help
assure that small coherent constituencies can get a seat on the board. The vote counting design
helps to enable members to reveal their actual desires while at the same time getting engaging
in more strategic benefits of voting so that your vote will count.
- 
- Let's start with a point about strategic voting.  Strategic voting is the name for votes
that don't reveal your actual preference but instead make a calculated choice to get the maximum
benefit out of your vote.   Imagine there are three candidates A, B, and C.  You hate C; you
love A; you think B's ok.  In the absence of strategic voting you'd vote for A.  But say you
know that polling data shows that B and C are neck and neck in the race and A seems sure to
loose.  Strategic voters then vote for B.
- 
- Our vote counting technique helps solve that problem.  You vote for A, B, C in that order.
  Should it then become clear he won't win your vote will be reallocated; presumably to B.
 (Actually given that you hate C you probably shouldn't vote for him at all.)
- 
- The scheme we use gives voters more power over the election. It is important not to waste
that power. We have observed in the past that members don't understand the power the mechanism
give them.
- 
- When you vote you will reveal your rank ordered preference for candidates. Every effort
is made to get your #1 preference onto the board. If you vote in alphabetical order you're
sending a strong signal that you'd prefer a board with names like Mr. Awful and Ms. Beastly.
- 
- The vote counting proceeds in a loop.  Occasionally the loop spits out another board member.
It spits out an elected board member whenever that board member captures enough ballots to
get elected. Ballots begin by being assigned to the #1 candidate indicated on that ballot.
As the counting proceeds ballots are reallocated. Sometimes it becomes necessary to admit
somebody is not going to get elected; at that point his ballots are reallocated. When a candidate
is elected he takes with him only enough ballots to have gotten him elected; his other ballots
are sent off the the lower ranked preferences shown on that ballot.
- 
- This Wikipedia entry explains the gory details: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Single_Transferable_Vote
Single Transferable Vote].
- 
- This means that you can vote for Mr. Marginal and if he gets enough votes he's in; if not
your #2, #3, preference will get used.
- 
- This means you can vote for Mr. Wonderful along with everybody else and after he's elected
there is a reasonable chance your ballot will live on to help elect a candidate other than
your first preference.
- 
- Some hints:
-    o If you really don't want somebody on the Board, then omit them entirely, rather than
putting them at the end.
- 
-    o Although there are 9 slots available, you can vote for as many people as you want -
even votes after the 9th may end up being significant. Note that people you don't want elected
should not appear on your list at all.
- 
-    o AND RECALL: ORDERING IS CRUCIAL !!
- 
- This voting architecture is excellent for helping to break up the tendency of elected bodies
to settle into one or two power blocks; at it's also helpful for breaking up the power of
incumbents to attract strategic voters.  Its downside is that you can end up with a board
with nine members all of whom were elected by very narrow constituencies to which they are
extremely loyal - that can make it hard to reach any consensus.
- 
- ----
- 
- Logistics.  When time comes for the vote emails are sent to each of the voters.  Actual
votes are submitted from your apache.org account using a command line tool.  That tool takes
a token that was provided with the email.   You may vote more than once with the same token,
but only the last vote counts.  Using a command line tools allows us to leverage ssh authentication.
- 
- ----
- 
- Calculating Results. Results are calculated using Meek's Method. We use the Voting Systems
Toolbox [http://sourceforge.net/projects/votesystem/]. 
- 

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