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From Russell Branca <chewbra...@gmail.com>
Subject Re: [VOTE] Merge BigCouch
Date Tue, 07 May 2013 20:52:09 GMT
+1


Very excited to see this! Great work!


-Russell


On Tue, May 7, 2013 at 1:44 PM, Robert Newson <rnewson@apache.org> wrote:

> FYI: A zip of this work is available at
> http://people.apache.org/~rnewson/dist/nebraska-merge-candidate.zip
> made by 'git archive -o nebraska-merge-candidate.zip
> nebraska-merge-candidate'
>
> On 7 May 2013 21:34, Robert Newson <rnewson@apache.org> wrote:
> > Hi All,
> >
> > I propose to merge in the following work,
> > https://github.com/rnewson/couchdb/tree/nebraska-merge-candidate to
> > the official Apache CouchDB repository to a new branch (i.e, *not*
> > master). Once there, the full CouchDB developer community can begin
> > the work to incorporate the code here into an official release.
> >
> > You do not need to respond if you are in agreement. If there is no
> > response in 72 hours, I will assume lazy consensus. If we reach
> > consensus, I will start the IP clearance process and then the merge.
> >
> > As most of you know, Paul Davis and I recently sequestered ourselves
> > away from society (in a place called Nebraska) to make this merge
> > happen. I want to clarify that this work is not the BigCouch code you
> > can see on github.com/cloudant/bigcouch but the Cloudant platform from
> > which BigCouch was made. This means it is bang up to date with all the
> > bug fixes and feature enhancements we've made in the last eighteen
> > months or more. With that clarification made, here are our notes about
> > what we achieved, what it means to the project and what isn't yet
> > done;
> >
> > Nebraska Merge Roundup
> >
> >
> > Stats:
> >
> >
> > 1402 - total new commits
> >
> > 312 - commits written during the merge (will be reduced substantially
> > by squashing)
> >
> > 408 - number of files changed
> >
> > 21,897 - number of lines added
> >
> > 4,277 - number of lines removed
> >
> > A retrospective:
> >
> > Bob Newson and I have come to the end of our merge sprint on getting
> > BigCouch merged into Apache CouchDB. Its been a productive ten days
> > here in the midwest. I managed to get Bob out to a bowling alley and
> > he managed to get me to a sushi restaurant. In between the cultural
> > exchanges we’ve also managed to get a significant amount of work done
> > on the merging as well.
> >
> >
> > The current status of the merge is that we’ve managed to resolve the
> > differences in the single node execution of CouchDB. Both the
> > JavaScript and Erlang test suites run with only one failure in the
> > Erlang test suite due to a (deliberately) missing constraint on the
> > number of operating system processes. This should be a relatively
> > straightforward fix but was not prioritized during our limited time to
> > work on the larger issues.
> >
> >
> > We merged a large number of performance and stability enhancements
> > back into single node CouchDB as well as a number of pure bug fixes.
> > The biggest highlight is a brand new compactor that is both faster and
> > creates smaller and better organized post-compaction databases.
> >
> >
> > The current status of the merge is that single node operations should
> > be completely unaffected as demonstrated by the test suite passing. On
> > the other hand we haven’t yet finished getting the clustered code
> > merged to use some of the new changes in single node CouchDB. The
> > single most significant portion of this work involves updates to the
> > internal cluster API for views to use the recently rewritten indexer
> > APIs. This should be a relatively straightforward bit of work that
> > we’ll be finishing over the next few weeks.
> >
> >
> > All in all the merge work done so far has been quite successful. We’ve
> > met our primary goal of getting the code merged in a fashion that does
> > not affect single node operation while providing a starting point for
> > the larger community to start reviewing the more significant changes
> > made. Given the size of the diff between the two code bases we never
> > expected to have a fully working clustered solution after ten days of
> > work but we have succeeded in providing a base of work that will allow
> > us and new contributors to get up to speed quickly.
> >
> >
> > This work, coupled with work by Dave Cottlehuber and Benoît Chesneau
> > on updating the build system and various other internal updates, will
> > provide a solid foundation for work going forward. Its an exciting
> > time for CouchDB and anyone interested should keep an eye on the next
> > few releases as we ramp up work on various core aspects of the
> > database.
> >
> >
> > We’ve had an exciting few days working to prepare the road for an
> > exciting next twelve to eighteen months. We hope that everyone will
> > feel as excited as we do about the next twelve to eighteen months for
> > Apache CouchDB. It should be an exciting ride.
> >
> >
> >
> > Things we got done
> >
> >
> > * Large update to the source tree layout for Erlang applications. Each
> > application now has a src/appname/(c_src|ebin|priv|src) structure. The
> > build system has been updated.
> >
> > * Renamed src/couchdb to src/couch to match the Erlang convention of
> > the top directory name matching the Erlang application name.
> >
> > * Imported Cloudant Erlang applications for clustered CouchDB. These
> > are imported with their history by using git subtree and merging the
> > top level commit. These are not external deps, development will happen
> > within the CouchDB tree. The imported apps are:
> >
> >
> >    * config - A couch_config replacement (Behavior is mostly identical
> > to couch_config except how we listen for configuration changes
> > internally to allow for smooth hot code upgrade).
> >
> >    * twig - An rsyslog source replacement for couch_log.
> >
> >    * rexi - An RPC library. Replaces Erlang’s built-in rex application
> > to avoid costly safety measures in the interest of performance and
> > throughput.
> >
> >    * mem3 - The “Dynamo” part of BigCouch responsible for managing
> cluster state
> >
> >    * fabric - The internal cluster-aware CouachDB API
> >
> >    * ets_lru - A small library application that provides an LRU
> > implementation using a couple ets tables.
> >
> >    * ddoc_cache - Caches design documents on each node for use in
> > design handler functions. This uses an ets_lru cache with a very short
> > TTL.
> >
> >    * chttpd - The cluster aware HTTP layer
> >
> >
> > Each imported app also had its build system updated to use Autotools
> > along with the necessary updates noted above for the new application
> > layouts for existing CouchDB erlang apps.
> >
> >
> > * Merged a large amount of updates and fixes to couch_replicator based
> > on work done internally at Cloudant. Unfortunately due to an error
> > when we created our internal clone we lost a bit of history in some of
> > the initial merge and have a big commit that affects
> > couch_replicator_manager mostly. There are a number of other commits
> > related to couch_replicator that resolve the single node vs. clustered
> > differences. Some noticeable couch_replicator features:
> >
> >
> >    * Optionally disable checkpoints so that replication can work when
> > a source is read only. This should only be used for smaller databases
> > as each replication call has to scan the entire source database on
> > each invocation.
> >
> >    * A new changes_pending field in the _active_tasks output
> >
> >    * A fix to the continuous replication to automatically reconnect to
> > a continuous changes feed when it sees a last_seq value. This allows
> > for the source to selectively recycle the HTTP connections used which
> > can be quite useful for “permanent” replications.
> >
> >    * A multitude of smaller bug fix and stability enhancements.
> >
> >
> > Updates to single node couch:
> >
> >
> >  * We changed the by_seq tree to store a copy of the #full_doc_info{}
> > record instead of the #doc_info{} record. This gives significant speed
> > improvements for compaction and replication and generally anything
> > that needs to walk the by_seq tree and access document bodies
> > internally.
> >
> >  * We rewrote the compactor to be significantly faster as well as
> > provides significantly better compacted databases. The two main halves
> > are to use a temp file and replace the use of btrees in the temp file.
> > The temp file only contains a temporary copy of the document ids. At
> > the end of a compaction run we then rebuild the by_id btree in the
> > compaction file from this temp file. The reason this helps so much is
> > that the compaction is based on the update_seq btree, which for most
> > cases means that the id tree is updated in roughly random order which
> > is very bad for our append only btrees. By using the tmp file we can
> > stream it in order back into the compacted db file at the end of
> > compacting, generating a minimum amount of garbage in the process. The
> > other upgrade was to implement an external merge sort module
> > (couch_emsort) that is used with this temporary file.
> >
> >  * Reject updates to design docs that introduce updates that break
> > compilation for source code. Currently we only check map and reduce
> > calls as the other should provide user visible errors instead of
> > inexplicably empty views.
> >
> > because my OCD kicked in and I was unable to resist.
> >
> >  * Reverted a change made a long time ago that uses two file
> > descriptors for each database. See the todo list.
> >
> >  * The reason to remove the second fd is so that we can rewrite ref
> > counting. Better ref counting makes everyone happy, but the real
> > reason is for this next bullet point:
> >
> >  * Optimize couch_server to not require a round trip message pass for
> > opening a database that’s in the LRU. This is a significant
> > performance boost for high concurrency access. We also optimized
> > couch_server internals to not blow up when it’s under load.
> >
> >  * Introduce a #leaf{} record into the revision trees. This is never
> > written to disk but makes internal code a lot cleaner when dealing
> > with multiple versions of rev tree values.
> >
> >  * Some changes to couch_changes to enable clustered access. Also some
> > general cleanup
> >
> >  * Internal changes to how CouchDB is booted in Erlang land. Not very
> > sexy but this removes a lot of complicated un-Erlangy bits. We still
> > have a bit of work left here.
> >
> >  * btree chunk sizes are now configurable which can allow people to
> > adjust the RAM/speed tradeoffs a bit more.
> >
> >  * We now load update validation functions on the first write. This is
> > a cluster-motivated change because the clustered version of this call
> > is expensive and can lead to race conditions when opening a bunch of
> > db shards simultaneously. This should be invisible to external
> > clients.
> >
> >  * Disabled conflict detection for local docs. They don’t replicate so
> > there’s no point. This just led to clusters getting stuck and confused
> > when there were lots of replications happening.
> >
> >  * Changes to the multipart/mime parsing code. Necessary for clustered
> > attachment uploads to split the incoming data  stream into N copies.
> >
> >  * Don’t use init:restart/0 when reloading the ICU driver. I think
> > this has a bug. But we should rewrite this driver to be a NIF anyway.
> >
> >  * New couch OS process manager. Significantly faster access to OS
> > processes under heavy load. This replaces the hard limit with a soft
> > limit. Process spawned over the soft limit will be used until they’ve
> > sat idle for a few minutes and then be closed. We have a todo item to
> > add the hard ceiling back in (while keeping the soft ceiling).
> >
> >  * Automatically replace some easily identifiable JS reductions with
> > their builtin counterparts. Uses a regex to do the detection so its
> > not too smart.
> >
> >  * Improved view updater write batch.
> >
> >  * Updates to couchjs’ views.js to improve index update speeds
> >
> >  * Updates to the _stats bultin reduce to allow reduces to work over
> > emitted stats objects. Sometimes clients have summary data in a doc,
> > and this allows them to combine stats if they follow the same pattern
> > as the builtin expects.
> >
> >  * Added a config:reload() that is accessible by POST’ing to
> > _config/_reload. Used by the JS tests to reset the config to what's on
> > disk. This should prevent those test run failures where a test fails
> > leaving the config in a bad state causing all subsequent tests to
> > fail. I think. Maybe.
> >
> >  * Databases are deleted synchronously in the test suite. We may need
> > to address this on Windows. But it does seem to reduce the number of
> > “{error, file_exists}” failures.
> >
> >  * I reimplemented the JS restartServer() function. There’s a new
> > _restart/token URL that will given a unique value for each instance of
> > the Erlang VM. To run a restart we grab the current token value, hit
> > _restart, then wait till we get a successful response with a different
> > token. This appears to have made the restart strategy more robust.
> >
> >
> >
> > Things that need doing
> >
> >
> > IP Clearance -
> >
> >
> > We’ll need to track down if we have the CCLA as well as look at each
> > source file added to make sure each one is strictly from Cloudant or
> > has an amenable license. I’m pretty sure that the only one of interest
> > is trunc_io.erl but we need to be thorough.
> >
> > documentation -
> >
> >
> > There shouldn’t be much here since the entire point of this merge was
> > to not change the visible behavior of single node couch. A few things
> > to add about the testing endpoints. Maybe an update to the compaction
> > section mention the two new file names used.
> >
> >
> > Copyright notices -
> >
> >
> > We need to strip out copyright notices from individual files and make
> > sure all files have a standard Apache License v2 header.
> >
> >
> > clustered vhosts -
> >
> >
> > We’ve never implemented this at Cloudant. We either need to write a
> > cluster or go back and tell people to use HAProxy (or similar) for
> > such things.
> >
> >
> > twig -
> >
> >
> > We need to add another output type to twig that is configurable in
> > some manner. Right now we spit out entire rsyslog records which isn’t
> > useful for most people. We’ll need to implement the file writer from
> > couch_log as well as update the _log HTTP handler to know when it can
> > and can’t expect to find data on disk.
> >
> >
> > fabric -
> >
> >
> > This is going to need a lot of work. Specifically view access is going
> > to need to be updated to work with couch_mrview and friends.
> >
> >
> > Boot a dev cluster -
> >
> >
> > Once we fix up the clustering code we’ll need to write instructions
> > and scripts for pulling up a dev cluster.
> >
> >
> > OTP stuff -
> >
> >
> > We’ve updated each app but we still need to pull some parts out of
> > couchdb into their own application. Specifically the HTTP layer needs
> > its own app. We could probably pull out the os process/query_servers
> > as well as the os daemons and friends. Once done we need to update the
> > supervision trees so we don’t have things like couch starting and
> > managing the replication manager process.
> >
> >
> > ddoc_cache -
> >
> >
> > Wire this up in couch_httpd_db to actually be used. Right now its only
> > used in chttpd.
> >
> >
> > couch_file upgrade -
> >
> >
> > The revert to remove the second updater_fd from each #db{} record
> > means that we’re back in the original position of files appearing to
> > slow down significantly under load. Since the initial hammer approach
> > of just adding a second fd we’ve since discovered that the underlying
> > bug is due to the way that message passing works combined with
> > Erlang’s file io. Significantly though is the fact that the fix is
> > rather simple to implement. A first draft of this work is on an old
> > branch of mine here:
> >
> >
> >    https://github.com/davisp/couchdb/commit/d856878
> >
> >
> > finish the size calculating changes -
> >
> >
> > The #leaf{} record change is to enable us to add more data size
> > calculations. CouchDB master calculates a data size that account for
> > all bytes that are active in a .couch file. Cloudant is interested in
> > the total size of uncompressed docs and attachments minus the internal
> > overhead of btrees. And there’s a fourth number to calculate based on
> > the compression level used. Having each of these numbers will be
> > useful as well as the calculations they’ll enable (ie, dead bytes in
> > file, bytes used for overhead, compression ratio achieved, etc).
> >
> >
> > couch_proc_manager -
> >
> >
> > We need to implement the hard ceiling for capping the number of OS
> > processes. We’ve started seeing a need for this at Cloudant with some
> > work loads so motivation to fix this is high. The only failing etap is
> > the assertion of this ceiling.
> >
> >
> > Synchronous db delete on Windows -
> >
> >
> > I did this because running the test suite was driving me bonkers. I
> > need to ask Dave about how this behaves on Windows (my guess is not
> > well) but I think we can close things up so that it works better than
> > the status quo.
>

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