After messing around with my Cassandra cluster recently, I think I need some basic understanding on how things work behind scene regarding data streaming.
Let's say we have three node cluster with RF = 3. If node 3 for some reason dies and I want to replace it with a new node with the same (maybe minus one) range. During the bootstrap, how the data is streamed?
From what I observed, Node 3 has replicates for its primary range on node 4, 5. So it streams the data from them and
starts to compact them. Also, node 3 holds
replicates for primary range of node 2, so it streams data from node 2 and node 4. Similarly, it holds replicates for node 1. So data streamed from node 1 and node 2. So during the bootstaping, it basically gets the data from all the replicates (2 copies each), so it will require double the disk space in order to hold the data? Over the time, those SStables will be compacted and redundant will be removed? Is it true?
if we issue nodetool repair -pr on node 3, apart from streaming data from node 4, 5 to 3. We also see data stream between node 4, 5 since they hold the replicates. But I don't see log regarding "merkle tree calculation" on node 4,5. Just wondering how they know what data to stream in order to repair node 4,