On Wed, Jul 6, 2011 at 2:48 PM, William Oberman <firstname.lastname@example.org>
I have a few cassandra/hadoop/pig questions. I currently have things set up in a test environment, and for the most part everything works. But, before I start to roll things out to production, I wanted to check on/confirm some things.
When I originally set things up, I used:
One difference I noticed between the two guides, which I ignored at the time, was how "datanodes" are treated. The wiki said "At least one node in your cluster will also need to be a datanode.
That's because Hadoop uses HDFS to store information like jar
dependencies for your job, static data (like stop words for a word
count), and things like that - it's the distributed cache. It's a very
small amount of data but the Hadoop cluster needs it to run properly". But, the hadoop guide (if you follow it blindly like I did), creates a datanode on all TaskTracker nodes. I _think_ that is controlled by the conf/slaves file, but I haven't proved that yet. Is there any good reason to run datanodes on only the JobTracker vs. on all nodes? If I should only run it on the JobTracker, how do I properly stop the datanodes from starting automatically (when both start-dfs and start-mapred seem to draw from the same slaves file)?
I noticed a second issue/oddness with datanodes, in that the HDFS data isn't always small. The other day I ran out of disk running my pig script. I checked, and by default, hadoop creates HDFS in /tmp, and I'm using EC2 (and /tmp is on the boot device) which is only 10G by default. Do other people put HDFS on a different disk? If yes, I'll really want to only run one datanode, as I don't want to re-template all of my cassandra nodes to have HDFS disks vs. one new JobTracker node.
In terms of hardware, I am running small instances (32bit, 2GB) in the test cluster, while my production cluster is larges (64bit, 7 or 8GB). I was going to check the performance impact there, but even on smalls in test I was able to run hadoop jobs while serving web requests. I am wondering if smalls are causing the high HDFS usage though (I think data might "spill" more, if I'm understanding things correctly).
If these are more hadoop then cassandra questions, let me know and I'll move my questions around.
I did want to mention that these are small details compared to the amount of complicated things that worked like a charm during my configuration and testing of the combination of cassandra/hadoop/pig. It was impressive :-)