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From Apache Wiki <wikidi...@apache.org>
Subject [Alois Wiki] Update of "IMF2011" by UrsLerch
Date Fri, 14 Jan 2011 14:18:07 GMT
Dear Wiki user,

You have subscribed to a wiki page or wiki category on "Alois Wiki" for change notification.

The "IMF2011" page has been changed by UrsLerch.
The comment on this change is: added open computing image  .
http://wiki.apache.org/alois/IMF2011?action=diff&rev1=6&rev2=7

--------------------------------------------------

  
  While there are projects that are largely dominated by one company, it is more and more
realized that open source software can be developed better when there is a large degree of
independence. To achieve this, many projects founded independent non-profit organizations
that play a mediating role. The first project launched this was the Apache web server with
the Apache Software Foundation. The non-profit organization takes on the one hand the role
of the legal person, on the other hand, it is responsible for the infrastructure. The important
thing is, that the organization can preserve their independence from the cooperating companies.
At the Apache Software Foundation this has been solved in the way that only "private" people
can be members, but not organizations, while in principle every person has the same rights,
regardless of their financial contribution. In addition, the committees are elected democratically
by the members, and again every person has one voice (Fielding 1999). That a project's legal
independence is elementary for the participation of commercial organizations, showed, among
other things, the Eclipse project. The platform, originally developed by IBM internally for
its own use, has opened its source in an early stage to make it more interesting for partner
companies (O'Mahony et al. 2005). But it has been the later detachment of the project from
IBM through the transfer of rights to the independent Eclipse Foundation, that was able to
convince other companies to participate (Spaeth et al. 2008). Today, Eclipse is the de facto
standard in the field of Java development platforms and has a market share of well over 50%.
  
- The recognition, that in the Internet age, that is, rapid access to worldwide information,
an isolated proceeding is no longer appropriate, has grown significantly in recent years over
the levels of management. In this context, the concept of interoperability is increasingly
become more important. Interoperability describes the ability of diverse systems and organizations
to work together (inter-operate). Open-source software alone, however, cannot fullfill this
demand. While it can actually guarantee the independence from a manufacturer by the disclosure
of the source code, this can not be said of the independence from the product and therefor
the full flexibility. That will only be possible by the means of cooperative innovations.
Jollans (2006) outlines this⁠ using the term "community innovation" respectively the concept
of "Open Computing" (see illustration). By this he means the combination of the three components
of open architecture, open standards and open source, in which a full interoperability can
be achieved. The goal of "Open Computing" is the flexibility of a modular integration of function
as well as independence from manufacturers, both in hardware and in software. While for example
Apple goes the opposite way, due to the experiences of recent years and decades it can be
predicted with good conscience, that software will be successful mainly because of its openness.
+ The recognition, that in the Internet age, that is, rapid access to worldwide information,
an isolated proceeding is no longer appropriate, has grown significantly in recent years over
the levels of management. In this context, the concept of interoperability is increasingly
become more important. Interoperability describes the ability of diverse systems and organizations
to work together (inter-operate). Open-source software alone, however, cannot fullfill this
demand. While it can actually guarantee the independence from a manufacturer by the disclosure
of the source code, this can not be said of the independence from the product and therefor
the full flexibility. That will only be possible by the means of cooperative innovations.
Jollans (2006) outlines this⁠ using the term "community innovation" respectively the concept
of "Open Computing".
+ 
+ {{http://incubator.apache.org/alois/images/open%20computing.png}}
+ 
+ By this he means the combination of the three components of open architecture, open standards
and open source, in which a full interoperability can be achieved. The goal of "Open Computing"
is the flexibility of a modular integration of function as well as independence from manufacturers,
both in hardware and in software. While for example Apple goes the opposite way, due to the
experiences of recent years and decades it can be predicted with good conscience, that software
will be successful mainly because of its openness.
  
  == Apache ALOIS ==
  Apache ALOIS [http://incubator.apache.org/alois/] is a log collection and correlation software
with reporting  and alarming functionalities. ALOIS stands for "Advanced Log Data  Insight
System" and is meant to be a fully implemented open source SIEM  security information and
event management system. Since fall 2010 Apache ALOIS is an effort undergoing incubation at
The Apache Software Foundation (ASF). Incubation is required of all newly accepted projects
until a further review indicates that the infrastructure, communications, and decision making
process have stabilized in a manner consistent with other successful ASF projects. While incubation
status is not necessarily a reflection of the completeness or stability of the code, it does
indicate that the project has yet to be fully endorsed by the ASF.

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