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From Knute Johnson <>
Subject [users@httpd] Files and DirectoryIndex conflict?
Date Sat, 28 May 2011 18:51:21 GMT
I'm having a problem using the Files directive to require authentication 
on the index.html file.  It doesn't work if it is requested with the 
index URL but does if the URL specifies the file directly.  I can't 
believe that I'm the only person ever to try to do this but maybe I am.

So if I request http://localhost/ I get the following error and NO user 
name/password dialog.

401 Authorization Required

Authorization Required

This server could not verify that you are authorized to access the 
document requested. Either you supplied the wrong credentials (e.g., bad 
password), or your browser doesn't understand how to supply the 
credentials required.

But if I request http://localhost/index.html I get the Authentication 
Required dialog and can enter the user name and password and then 
receive the file.

I've tested this with FireFox and Chrome.  I'm running Ubuntu 10.10 and 
apache 2.2.16.

Here is the access log from the first request - - [28/May/2011:11:31:16 -0700] "GET / HTTP/1.1" 401 618 "-" 
"Mozilla/5.0 (X11; U; Linux i686; en-US; rv: Gecko/20110422 
Ubuntu/10.10 (maverick) Firefox/3.6.17"

and the access log from the second request - knute [28/May/2011:11:30:12 -0700] "GET /index.html 
HTTP/1.1" 200 485 "-" "Mozilla/5.0 (X11; U; Linux i686; en-US; 
rv: Gecko/20110422 Ubuntu/10.10 (maverick) Firefox/3.6.17"

The error.log is empty.

Here is the virtual host configuration file

<VirtualHost *:80>
	ServerAdmin webmaster@localhost

	DocumentRoot /var/www
	<Directory />
		Options FollowSymLinks
		AllowOverride None
	<Directory /var/www/>
		Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews
		AllowOverride None
		Order allow,deny
		allow from all
         # added for testing
         # any files require group any membership
<Files index.html>
         AuthType Basic
         AuthName "ARCLA Lookers"
         AuthUserFile /usr/local/apache/passwords/arcla.pwd
         AuthGroupFile /usr/local/apache/passwords/groups
         Require group lookers players honchos
         # this file requires group membership
         <Files status-update.html>
             AuthType Basic
             AuthName "ARCLA Players"
             AuthUserFile /usr/local/apache/passwords/arcla.pwd
             AuthGroupFile /usr/local/apache/passwords/groups
             Require group players honchos

	ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ /usr/lib/cgi-bin/
	<Directory "/usr/lib/cgi-bin">
		AllowOverride None
		Options +ExecCGI -MultiViews +SymLinksIfOwnerMatch
		Order allow,deny
		Allow from all
         # added for testing
             AuthType Basic
             AuthName "test"
             AuthUserFile /usr/local/apache/passwords/arcla.pwd
             AuthGroupFile /usr/local/apache/passwords/groups
             Require group honchos

	ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/error.log

	# Possible values include: debug, info, notice, warn, error, crit,
	# alert, emerg.
	LogLevel warn

	CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/access.log combined

     Alias /doc/ "/usr/share/doc/"
     <Directory "/usr/share/doc/">
         Options Indexes MultiViews FollowSymLinks
         AllowOverride None
         Order deny,allow
         Deny from all
         Allow from ::1/128


The DirectoryIndex directive is in dir.conf

<IfModule mod_dir.c>

           DirectoryIndex index.html index.cgi index.php 
index.xhtml index.htm




Knute Johnson

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