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From André Warnier ...@ice-sa.com>
Subject Re: [users@httpd] Cannot change User for httpd.exe with Apache2.2 for Windows
Date Sun, 02 Nov 2008 11:54:52 GMT
Li Xin wrote:
> Hi Eric,
> 
> I basically followed the second link. I don't know that the Apache for Windows won't
be able to set the User for httpd.exe. So it means, that the "User" directive in httpd.conf
is useless for Windows?
> 
Hi.
I believe you are right, and the "User" and "Group" directives do 
nothing under Windows.

The very first thing to tell us maybe, is *how* you started Apache under 
Windows.

If it is started as a Windows Service, then the user under which it runs 
is the user under which the Windows Service runs.  You can check (and 
change) that as follows :
- right-click on the "My Computer" icon
- choose Manage..  Services and Applications .. Services .. Apache...
- right-click on the Apache line
- select the second tab "login as" or "run as"
By default, it is set as "LocalSystem", but you can change this to any 
valid Windows user-id, within some limits. (*)
"LocalSystem" is a special user under Windows : it has almost all rights 
on the local machine, but is a not a Domain user and has no rights to 
access any network resource (e.g. shared server directories, network 
printers etc).

If you start Apache within a command window, it runs as the user under 
which you logged in.

Another couple of notes :
"Administrators" (with "s") is not a Windows user, it is a User Group, 
in which there can be several users.

Also, if you get a page or a file from Apache (through the browser), and 
save it to disk, the owner of that file is not the user under which 
Apache is running.  It is the user under which *you* are running the 
browser that saves this file.

(*)
- For example, in order to be able to have Apache listen on any port =< 
1024, the user may need to be a least member of the local Administrators 
group.
- if you change the user, make sure you pick one whose password does not 
"age", otherwise when the password runs out, you won't be able to 
restart the Apache service.
- be aware that "Administrator" (user) and "Administrators" (group) are 
names that change depending on the international version of Windows you 
are using.  On a Spanish Windows e.g., these are "Administrador" and 
"Administradores" respectively. I don't even want to guess what they 
might be in a Chinese Windows ;-). But LocalSystem never changes, and 
that is probably why the Apache installer always uses that one by default.

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