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From "Jorge Medina" <jmed...@e-dialog.com>
Subject RE: [users@httpd] Proxy to Tomcat AJP
Date Thu, 02 Oct 2008 14:48:56 GMT
No, you don't strictly need the Tomcat Native library to run the AJP connector. It is optional;
it increases the performance of your Tomcat server according to the documentation. Nevertheless,
it is recommended for production settings. 

       "When APR is enabled, the AJP connector will use a socket poller for keepalive, increasing
scalability of the server. As AJP is designed around a pool of persistent (or almost persistent)
connections, this will reduce significantly the amount of processing threads needed by Tomcat.
Unlike the HTTP connector, the AJP connector cannot use sendfile to optimize static file processing.
" 

-Jorge

________________________________________
From: gmashini@gmail.com [mailto:gmashini@gmail.com] On Behalf Of George Mashini
Sent: Wednesday, October 01, 2008 5:27 PM
To: users@httpd.apache.org
Subject: Re: [users@httpd] Proxy to Tomcat AJP

Jorge,

Thank you for the feedback.  I was going to look at the native APR once I got everything
configured correctly.  Is this necessary for running the AJP connector?  Does anyone run
Apache to Tomcat in production?  If so, can you please share your experience and some feedback
on how you configured it.

Thank you,

George
On Wed, Oct 1, 2008 at 10:43 AM, Jorge Medina <jmedina@e-dialog.com> wrote:
Not sure if this help:
 
Are you using Tomcat Native Library (based in APR too)?
It would allow you to specify some parameters of the AJP connector.
 
http://tomcat.apache.org/tomcat-6.0-doc/printer/apr.html
 
 
-Jorge
 
________________________________________
From: George Mashini [mailto:gmashini@gmail.com] 
Sent: Tuesday, September 30, 2008 8:34 PM
To: users
Subject: [users@httpd] Proxy to Tomcat AJP
 
Hello,

I setup Apache to proxy to Tomcat using AJP, currently without SSL.  This is being used to
connect a Flex application that uses AMF to Java on the back end.  All AMF calls are done
using a POST to a servlet.  I have 3 tomcat instances running on separate ports.  Login
is used for logging into the application.  NA1 and NA2 are the application servers.  This
is running on RH Enterprise Linux 5, Apache HTTPD 2.2.3 and Tomcat 6.0.14

It all appears to work fine until I try to stress test it or someone uses the application
for an extended period of time.  The errors that we encounter are either connection refused
or hung connections, where the connection is alive but never returns a response.  At one
point the connection would drop after a few minutes when it got hung and I would get APR errors
in Apache and Broken pipe errors in Tomcat, but after changing some HTTPD configuration settings
it now just stays hung forever.  I run the same stress tests against Tomcat directly and
they all complete without errors.  I researched the configuration for each side of the connection,
but I cannot find what I am doing wrong.  I am including each piece of the configuration. 
Any help would be really appreciated.  Sorry for the lengthy email.

Thank you,

HTTPD.conf

#######################################
# START HTTPD.CONF
#######################################

ServerTokens OS
ServerRoot "/etc/httpd"
PidFile run/httpd.pid
Timeout 120
KeepAlive Off
MaxKeepAliveRequests 0
KeepAliveTimeout 15

<IfModule prefork.c>
StartServers       8
MinSpareServers    5
MaxSpareServers   20
ServerLimit      256
MaxClients       256
MaxRequestsPerChild  4000
</IfModule>


<IfModule worker.c>
StartServers         2
MaxClients         150
MinSpareThreads     25
MaxSpareThreads     75 
ThreadsPerChild     25
MaxRequestsPerChild  0
</IfModule>

Listen 80

LoadModule auth_basic_module modules/mod_auth_basic.so
LoadModule auth_digest_module modules/mod_auth_digest.so
LoadModule authn_file_module modules/mod_authn_file.so
LoadModule authn_alias_module modules/mod_authn_alias.so
LoadModule authn_anon_module modules/mod_authn_anon.so
LoadModule authn_dbm_module modules/mod_authn_dbm.so
LoadModule authn_default_module modules/mod_authn_default.so
LoadModule authz_host_module modules/mod_authz_host.so
LoadModule authz_user_module modules/mod_authz_user.so
LoadModule authz_owner_module modules/mod_authz_owner.so
LoadModule authz_groupfile_module modules/mod_authz_groupfile.so
LoadModule authz_dbm_module modules/mod_authz_dbm.so
LoadModule authz_default_module modules/mod_authz_default.so
LoadModule ldap_module modules/mod_ldap.so
LoadModule authnz_ldap_module modules/mod_authnz_ldap.so
LoadModule include_module modules/mod_include.so
LoadModule log_config_module modules/mod_log_config.so
LoadModule logio_module modules/mod_logio.so
LoadModule env_module modules/mod_env.so
LoadModule ext_filter_module modules/mod_ext_filter.so
LoadModule mime_magic_module modules/mod_mime_magic.so
LoadModule expires_module modules/mod_expires.so
LoadModule deflate_module modules/mod_deflate.so
LoadModule headers_module modules/mod_headers.so
LoadModule usertrack_module modules/mod_usertrack.so
LoadModule setenvif_module modules/mod_setenvif.so
LoadModule mime_module modules/mod_mime.so
LoadModule dav_module modules/mod_dav.so
LoadModule status_module modules/mod_status.so
LoadModule autoindex_module modules/mod_autoindex.so
LoadModule info_module modules/mod_info.so
LoadModule dav_fs_module modules/mod_dav_fs.so
LoadModule vhost_alias_module modules/mod_vhost_alias.so
LoadModule negotiation_module modules/mod_negotiation.so
LoadModule dir_module modules/mod_dir.so
LoadModule actions_module modules/mod_actions.so
LoadModule speling_module modules/mod_speling.so
LoadModule userdir_module modules/mod_userdir.so
LoadModule alias_module modules/mod_alias.so
LoadModule rewrite_module modules/mod_rewrite.so
LoadModule proxy_module modules/mod_proxy.so
LoadModule proxy_balancer_module modules/mod_proxy_balancer.so
LoadModule proxy_ftp_module modules/mod_proxy_ftp.so
LoadModule proxy_http_module modules/mod_proxy_http.so
LoadModule proxy_connect_module modules/mod_proxy_connect.so
LoadModule cache_module modules/mod_cache.so
LoadModule suexec_module modules/mod_suexec.so
LoadModule disk_cache_module modules/mod_disk_cache.so
LoadModule file_cache_module modules/mod_file_cache.so
LoadModule mem_cache_module modules/mod_mem_cache.so
LoadModule cgi_module modules/mod_cgi.so
LoadModule version_module modules/mod_version.so

Include conf.d/*.conf

User apache
Group apache

ServerAdmin root@localhost
#ServerName www.example.com:80

UseCanonicalName Off
DocumentRoot "/srv/www"

<Directory />
    Options FollowSymLinks
    AllowOverride None
</Directory>

<Directory "/srv/www">
    Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
    AllowOverride None
    Order allow,deny
    Allow from all
</Directory>

<IfModule mod_userdir.c>
    UserDir disable
</IfModule>

DirectoryIndex index.html index.html.var

AccessFileName .htaccess

<Files ~ "^\.ht">
    Order allow,deny
    Deny from all
</Files>

TypesConfig /etc/mime.types

DefaultType text/plain

<IfModule mod_mime_magic.c>
#   MIMEMagicFile /usr/share/magic.mime
    MIMEMagicFile conf/magic
</IfModule>

HostnameLookups Off
ErrorLog logs/error_log
LogLevel warn

LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\"" combined
LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b" common
LogFormat "%{Referer}i -> %U" referer
LogFormat "%{User-agent}i" agent

CustomLog logs/access_log combined

ServerSignature On

Alias /icons/ "/var/www/icons/"

<Directory "/var/www/icons">
    Options Indexes MultiViews
    AllowOverride None
    Order allow,deny
    Allow from all
</Directory>

<IfModule mod_dav_fs.c>
    # Location of the WebDAV lock database.
    DAVLockDB /var/lib/dav/lockdb
</IfModule>

ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ "/var/www/cgi-bin/"

<Directory "/var/www/cgi-bin">
    AllowOverride None
    Options None
    Order allow,deny
    Allow from all
</Directory>

IndexOptions FancyIndexing VersionSort NameWidth=* HTMLTable

AddIconByEncoding (CMP,/icons/compressed.gif) x-compress x-gzip

AddIconByType (TXT,/icons/text.gif) text/*
AddIconByType (IMG,/icons/image2.gif) image/*
AddIconByType (SND,/icons/sound2.gif) audio/*
AddIconByType (VID,/icons/movie.gif) video/*

AddIcon /icons/binary.gif .bin .exe
AddIcon /icons/binhex.gif .hqx
AddIcon /icons/tar.gif .tar
AddIcon /icons/world2.gif .wrl .wrl.gz .vrml .vrm .iv
AddIcon /icons/compressed.gif .Z .z .tgz .gz .zip
AddIcon /icons/a.gif .ps .ai .eps
AddIcon /icons/layout.gif .html .shtml .htm .pdf
AddIcon /icons/text.gif .txt
AddIcon /icons/c.gif .c
AddIcon /icons/p.gif .pl .py
AddIcon /icons/f.gif .for
AddIcon /icons/dvi.gif .dvi
AddIcon /icons/uuencoded.gif .uu
AddIcon /icons/script.gif .conf .sh .shar .csh .ksh .tcl
AddIcon /icons/tex.gif .tex
AddIcon /icons/bomb.gif core

AddIcon /icons/back.gif ..
AddIcon /icons/hand.right.gif README
AddIcon /icons/folder.gif ^^DIRECTORY^^
AddIcon /icons/blank.gif ^^BLANKICON^^

DefaultIcon /icons/unknown.gif

ReadmeName README.html
HeaderName HEADER.html

IndexIgnore .??* *~ *# HEADER* README* RCS CVS *,v *,t

AddLanguage ca .ca
AddLanguage cs .cz .cs
AddLanguage da .dk
AddLanguage de .de
AddLanguage el .el
AddLanguage en .en
AddLanguage eo .eo
AddLanguage es .es
AddLanguage et .et
AddLanguage fr .fr
AddLanguage he .he
AddLanguage hr .hr
AddLanguage it .it
AddLanguage ja .ja
AddLanguage ko .ko
AddLanguage ltz .ltz
AddLanguage nl .nl
AddLanguage nn .nn
AddLanguage no .no
AddLanguage pl .po
AddLanguage pt .pt
AddLanguage pt-BR .pt-br
AddLanguage ru .ru
AddLanguage sv .sv
AddLanguage zh-CN .zh-cn
AddLanguage zh-TW .zh-tw

LanguagePriority en ca cs da de el eo es et fr he hr it ja ko ltz nl nn no pl pt pt-BR ru
sv zh-CN zh-TW

ForceLanguagePriority Prefer Fallback

AddDefaultCharset UTF-8

AddType application/x-compress .Z
AddType application/x-gzip .gz .tgz

AddHandler type-map var

AddType text/html .shtml

Alias /error/ "/var/www/error/"

<IfModule mod_negotiation.c>
<IfModule mod_include.c>
    <Directory "/var/www/error">
        AllowOverride None
        Options IncludesNoExec
        AddOutputFilter Includes html
        AddHandler type-map var
        Order allow,deny
        Allow from all
        LanguagePriority en es de fr
        ForceLanguagePriority Prefer Fallback
    </Directory>
</IfModule>
</IfModule>

BrowserMatch "Mozilla/2" nokeepalive
BrowserMatch "MSIE 4\.0b2;" nokeepalive downgrade-1.0 force-response-1.0
BrowserMatch "RealPlayer 4\.0" force-response-1.0
BrowserMatch "Java/1\.0" force-response-1.0
BrowserMatch "JDK/1\.0" force-response-1.0
BrowserMatch "Microsoft Data Access Internet Publishing Provider" redirect-carefully
BrowserMatch "MS FrontPage" redirect-carefully
BrowserMatch "^WebDrive" redirect-carefully
BrowserMatch "^WebDAVFS/1.[0123]" redirect-carefully
BrowserMatch "^gnome-vfs/1.0" redirect-carefully
BrowserMatch "^XML Spy" redirect-carefully
BrowserMatch "^Dreamweaver-WebDAV-SCM1" redirect-carefully

<VirtualHost *:80>
    ServerName xyz.net
</VirtualHost>

<VirtualHost *:80>
    ServerName login.xyz.net
    ProxyPass / ajp://localhost:8009/
    ProxyRequests Off
    ProxyPassReverse / ajp://localhost:8009/
    ProxyPreserveHost On
</VirtualHost>

<VirtualHost *:80>
    ServerName na1.xyz.net
    ProxyPass / ajp://localhost:8010/ max=5
    ProxyRequests Off
    ProxyPassReverse / ajp://localhost:8010/
    ProxyPreserveHost On
</VirtualHost>

<VirtualHost *:80>
    ServerName na2.xyz.net
    ProxyPass / ajp://localhost:8011/ max=20
    ProxyPassReverse / ajp://localhost:8010/ 
    ProxyVia On  
    ProxyPreserveHost On
</VirtualHost>

#######################################
# END HTTPD.CONF
#######################################

workers.properties in httpd/conf

#######################################
# START workers.properties
#######################################

# List workers
worker.list=login, NA1, NA2 
#
# Define loginn
worker.login.port=8009
worker.login.host=localhost
worker.login.type=ajp13
worker.login.cachesize=10
worker.login.cache_timeout=600
worker.login.socket_timeout=300

# Define NA1
worker.NA1.port=8010
worker.NA1.host=localhost
worker.NA1.type=ajp13
worker.NA1.cachesize=10
worker.NA1.cache_timeout=600
worker.NA1.socket_timeout=300

# Define NA2
worker.NA2.port=8011
worker.NA2.host=localhost
worker.NA2.type=ajp13
worker.NA2.cachesize=10
worker.NA2.cache_timeout=600
worker.NA2.socket_timeout=300

#######################################
# END workers.properties
#######################################

proxy_ajp.conf in httpd/conf.d

#######################################
# START proxy_ajp.conf
#######################################

LoadModule proxy_ajp_module modules/mod_proxy_ajp.so

#######################################
# END proxy_ajp.conf
#######################################

Server.xml for NA1 tomact

#######################################
# START server.xml
#######################################

<Server port="8005" shutdown="SHUTDOWN">

  <Listener className="org.apache.catalina.core.AprLifecycleListener" SSLEngine="on" />
  <Listener className="org.apache.catalina.core.JasperListener" />
  <Listener className="org.apache.catalina.mbeans.ServerLifecycleListener" />
  <Listener className="org.apache.catalina.mbeans.GlobalResourcesLifecycleListener" />

  <GlobalNamingResources>
    <Resource name="UserDatabase" auth="Container"
              type="org.apache.catalina.UserDatabase"
              description="User database that can be updated and saved"
              factory="org.apache.catalina.users.MemoryUserDatabaseFactory"
              pathname="conf/tomcat-users.xml" />
  </GlobalNamingResources>

  <Service name="Catalina">
    <Connector port="8087" protocol="HTTP/1.1" 
               connectionTimeout="20000" 
               redirectPort="443" />
    <!-- Define an AJP 1.3 Connector on port 8009 -->
    <Connector 
    port="8010" 
    protocol="AJP/1.3" 
    redirectPort="8443" 
    acceptCount="100"
         maxThreads="400"/>

    <Engine name="Catalina" defaultHost="localhost">
      <Realm className="org.apache.catalina.realm.UserDatabaseRealm"
             resourceName="UserDatabase"/>
      <Host name="localhost"  appBase="webapps"
            unpackWARs="true" autoDeploy="true"
            xmlValidation="false" xmlNamespaceAware="false">
      </Host>
    </Engine>
  </Service>
</Server>

#######################################
# END server.xml
#######################################EN
 


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