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From "Boyle Owen" <Owen.Bo...@swx.com>
Subject RE: [users@httpd] starting apache results an error
Date Mon, 19 Feb 2007 07:45:17 GMT
> -----Original Message-----
> From: Noah [mailto:admin2@enabled.com] 
> Sent: Friday, February 09, 2007 11:33 PM
> To: users@httpd.apache.org
> Subject: [users@httpd] starting apache results an error 
> 
> apache-2.2.4
> FreeBSD-6.2
> 
> 
> okay this is weird.  So I have two ways of starting apache.  
> I could either:
> 
> 1) use the start script in /usr/local/etc/rc.d/apache22.sh
> 2) use the start script in /usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl
> 
> option1 apache complains of a syntax error from line 127 of 
> /usr/local/apache2/conf/httpd.conf: ( look below).
> 
> option 2 continues fine.
> 
> they both use the same configuration file.  any clues why 
> this is happening?

My guess would be that the two scripts trigger *different* httpd
binaries (look for the definition of the HTTPD variable in the scripts).
One of the binaries has mod_authz_host compiled in and the other
doesn't...

Rgds,
Owen Boyle
Disclaimer: Any disclaimer attached to this message may be ignored. 

> 
> 
> here apache22 is the configuration from /etc/rc.conf
> # grep apache /etc/rc.conf
> apache22_enable="YES"
> apache22_flags="-f /usr/local/apache2/conf/httpd.conf"
> 
> 
> 
> ns1# /usr/local/etc/rc.d/apache22 graceful
> Performing a graceful restart
> Syntax error on line 127 of /usr/local/apache2/conf/httpd.conf:
> Invalid command 'Order', perhaps misspelled or defined by a 
> module not 
> included in the server configuration
> 
> 
> here is the configuration file /usr/local/apache2/conf/httpd.conf
> 
> 
> --- snip ----
> 
> #
> # This is the main Apache HTTP server configuration file.  It 
> contains the
> # configuration directives that give the server its instructions.
> # See <URL:http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2> for detailed information.
> # In particular, see
> # <URL:http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2/mod/directives.html>
> # for a discussion of each configuration directive.
> #
> # Do NOT simply read the instructions in here without understanding
> # what they do.  They're here only as hints or reminders.  If 
> you are unsure
> # consult the online docs. You have been warned. 
> #
> # Configuration and logfile names: If the filenames you 
> specify for many
> # of the server's control files begin with "/" (or "drive:/" 
> for Win32), the
> # server will use that explicit path.  If the filenames do *not* begin
> # with "/", the value of ServerRoot is prepended -globs.net- so 
> "logs/foo.log"
> # with ServerRoot set to "/usr/local/apache2" will be 
> interpreted by the
> # server as "/usr/local/apache2/logs/foo.log".
> 
> #
> # ServerRoot: The top of the directory tree under which the server's
> # configuration, error, and log files are kept.
> #
> # Do not add a slash at the end of the directory path.  If you point
> # ServerRoot at a non-local disk, be sure to point the 
> LockFile directive
> # at a local disk.  If you wish to share the same ServerRoot 
> for multiple
> # httpd daemons, you will need to change at least LockFile 
> and PidFile.
> #
> ServerRoot "/usr/local/apache2"
> 
> #
> # Listen: Allows you to bind Apache to specific IP addresses and/or
> # ports, instead of the default. See also the <VirtualHost>
> # directive.
> #
> # Change this to Listen on specific IP addresses as shown below to
> # prevent Apache from glomming onto all bound IP addresses.
> #
> #Listen 12.34.56.78:80
> Listen www.globs.net:80
> 
> #
> # Dynamic Shared Object (DSO) Support
> #
> # To be able to use the functionality of a module which was 
> built as a 
> DSO you
> # have to place corresponding `LoadModule' lines at this 
> location so the
> # directives contained in it are actually available _before_ 
> they are used.
> # Statically compiled modules (those listed by `httpd -l') do not need
> # to be loaded here.
> #
> # Example:
> # LoadModule foo_module modules/mod_foo.so
> LoadModule php5_module        modules/libphp5.so
> LoadModule perl_module modules/mod_perl.so
> #LoadModule dav_svn_module     modules/mod_dav_svn.so
> #LoadModule authz_svn_module   modules/mod_authz_svn.so
> #
> 
> <IfModule !mpm_netware_module>
> #
> # If you wish httpd to run as a different user or group, you must run
> # httpd as root initially and it will switch. 
> #
> # User/Group: The name (or #number) of the user/group to run httpd as.
> # It is usually good practice to create a dedicated user and group for
> # running httpd, as with most system services.
> #
> User www
> Group www
> </IfModule>
> 
> # 'Main' server configuration
> #
> # The directives in this section set up the values used by the 'main'
> # server, which responds to any requests that aren't handled by a
> # <VirtualHost> definition.  These values also provide defaults for
> # any <VirtualHost> containers you may define later in the file.
> #
> # All of these directives may appear inside <VirtualHost> containers,
> # in which case these default settings will be overridden for the
> # virtual host being defined.
> #
> 
> 
> #
> # ServerAdmin: Your address, where problems with the server should be
> # e-mailed.  This address appears on some server-generated pages, such
> # as error documents.  e.g. admin@your-domain.com
> #
> ServerAdmin pro-swatch@globs.net.net
> 
> #
> # ServerName gives the name and port that the server uses to identify 
> itself.
> # This can often be determined automatically, but we 
> recommend you specify
> # it explicitly to prevent problems during startup.
> #
> # If your host doesn't have a registered DNS name, enter its 
> IP address 
> here.
> #
> ServerName www.globs.net:80
> 
> #
> # DocumentRoot: The directory out of which you will serve your
> # documents. By default, all requests are taken from this 
> directory, but
> # symbolic links and aliases may be used to point to other locations.
> #
> DocumentRoot "/usr/local/apache2/htdocs"
> 
> #
> # Each directory to which Apache has access can be configured 
> with respect
> # to which services and features are allowed and/or disabled in that
> # directory (and its subdirectories).
> #
> # First, we configure the "default" to be a very restrictive set of
> # features. 
> #
> 
> <Directory />
> #    Options FollowSymLinks
> #    AllowOverride None
> #    Order deny,allow
> # #   Deny from all
>     Options Includes FollowSymLinks Indexes ExecCGI
>     AllowOverride All
> #    AllowOverride None
> #    Order deny,allow
> #    Deny from all
>     Order allow,deny
>     Allow from all
>     php_flag engine on
>     AddType application/x-httpd-php .php
>     AddType application/x-httpd-php-source .phps
> </Directory>
> 
> <Directory "/usr/local/apache2/phpMyAdmin">
>     AllowOverride All
>     Options FollowSymLinks MultiViews Includes
>     Order deny,allow
>     Allow from all
> </Directory>
> 
> <VirtualHost www.globs.net>
>    ServerName www.globs.net
>    Alias /rt3 /usr/local/rt3/share/html
>    Alias /myadmin /usr/local/apache2/phpMyAdmin
>    AddDefaultCharset UTF-8
> 
>   AddType application/x-httpd-php .php
> 
>    # this line applies to Apache2+mod_perl2 only
>    # Below line might be incorrect, I had to use:
>    #     PerlModule Apache2::compat
>    # mod_perl 2.0.1 from FC4 Linux
> 
>    PerlModule Apache2 Apache::compat
>    PerlModule Apache::DBI
>    PerlRequire /usr/local/rt3/bin/webmux.pl
> 
>    <Location /rt3>
>        SetHandler perl-script
>        PerlHandler RT::Mason
>    </Location>
> </VirtualHost>
> 
> 
> #
> # Note that from this point forward you must specifically allow
> # particular features to be enabled - so if something's not working as
> # you might expect, make sure that you have specifically enabled it
> # below.
> #
> 
> #
> # This should be changed to whatever you set DocumentRoot to.
> #
> <Directory "/usr/local/apache2/htdocs">
>     #
>     # Possible values for the Options directive are "None", "All",
>     # or any combination of:
>     #   Indexes Includes FollowSymLinks SymLinksifOwnerMatch ExecCGI 
> MultiViews
>     #
>     # Note that "MultiViews" must be named *explicitly* --- 
> "Options All"
>     # doesn't give it to you.
>     #
>     # The Options directive is both complicated and 
> important.  Please see
>     # http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2/mod/core.html#options
>     # for more information.
>     #
>     Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
> 
>     #
>     # AllowOverride controls what directives may be placed in 
> .htaccess 
> files.
>     # It can be "All", "None", or any combination of the keywords:
>     #   Options FileInfo AuthConfig Limit
>     #
>     AllowOverride None
> 
>     #
>     # Controls who can get stuff from this server.
>     #
>     Order allow,deny
>     Allow from all
> 
> </Directory>
> 
> #
> # DirectoryIndex: sets the file that Apache will serve if a directory
> # is requested.
> #
> <IfModule dir_module>
>     DirectoryIndex index.html index.php
> </IfModule>
> 
> #
> # The following lines prevent .htaccess and .htpasswd files from being
> # viewed by Web clients.
> #
> <FilesMatch "^\.ht">
>     Order allow,deny
>     Deny from all
>     Satisfy All
> </FilesMatch>
> 
> #
> # ErrorLog: The location of the error log file.
> # If you do not specify an ErrorLog directive within a <VirtualHost>
> # container, error messages relating to that virtual host will be
> # logged here.  If you *do* define an error logfile for a 
> <VirtualHost>
> # container, that host's errors will be logged there and not here.
> #
> ErrorLog logs/error_log
> 
> #
> # LogLevel: Control the number of messages logged to the error_log.
> # Possible values include: debug, info, notice, warn, error, crit,
> # alert, emerg.
> #
> LogLevel warn
> 
> <IfModule log_config_module>
>     #
>     # The following directives define some format nicknames 
> for use with
>     # a CustomLog directive (see below).
>     #
>     LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" 
> \"%{User-Agent}i\"" combined
>     LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b" common
> 
>     <IfModule logio_module>
>       # You need to enable mod_logio.c to use %I and %O
>       LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" 
> \"%{User-Agent}i\" %I %O" combinedio
>     </IfModule>
> 
>     #
>     # The location and format of the access logfile (Common 
> Logfile Format).
>     # If you do not define any access logfiles within a <VirtualHost>
>     # container, they will be logged here.  Contrariwise, if you *do*
>     # define per-<VirtualHost> access logfiles, transactions will be
>     # logged therein and *not* in this file.
>     #
>     CustomLog logs/access_log common
> 
>     #
>     # If you prefer a logfile with access, agent, and referer 
> information
>     # (Combined Logfile Format) you can use the following directive.
>     #
>     #CustomLog logs/access_log combined
> </IfModule>
> 
> <IfModule alias_module>
>     #
>     # Redirect: Allows you to tell clients about documents 
> that used to
>     # exist in your server's namespace, but do not anymore. The client
>     # will make a new request for the document at its new location.
>     # Example:
>     # Redirect permanent /foo http://www.example.com/bar
> 
>     #
>     # Alias: Maps web paths into filesystem paths and is used to
>     # access content that does not live under the DocumentRoot.
>     # Example:
>     # Alias /webpath /full/filesystem/path
>     #
>     # If you include a trailing / on /webpath then the server will
>     # require it to be present in the URL.  You will also likely
>     # need to provide a <Directory> section to allow access to
>     # the filesystem path.
>     #
>     # ScriptAlias: This controls which directories contain 
> server scripts.
>     # ScriptAliases are essentially the same as Aliases, except that
>     # documents in the target directory are treated as 
> applications and
>     # run by the server when requested rather than as 
> documents sent to the
>     # client.  The same rules about trailing "/" apply to ScriptAlias
>     # directives as to Alias.
>     #
>     ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ "/usr/local/apache2/cgi-bin/"
> </IfModule>
> 
> <IfModule cgid_module>
>     #
>     # ScriptSock: On threaded servers, designate the path to the UNIX
>     # socket used to communicate with the CGI daemon of mod_cgid.
>     #
>     #Scriptsock logs/cgisock
> </IfModule>
> 
> 
> #
> # "/usr/local/apache2/cgi-bin" should be changed to whatever your 
> ScriptAliased
> # CGI directory exists, if you have that configured.
> #
> <Directory "/usr/local/apache2/cgi-bin">
>     AllowOverride None
>     Options None
>     Order allow,deny
>     Allow from all
> </Directory>
> 
> #
> # DefaultType: the default MIME type the server will use for 
> a document
> # if it cannot otherwise determine one, such as from filename 
> extensions.
> # If your server contains mostly text or HTML documents, 
> "text/plain" is
> # a good value.  If most of your content is binary, such as 
> applications
> # or images, you may want to use "application/octet-stream" instead to
> # keep browsers from trying to display binary files as though they are
> # text.
> #
> DefaultType text/plain
> 
> <IfModule mime_module>
>     #
>     # TypesConfig points to the file containing the list of 
> mappings from
>     # filename extension to MIME-type.
>     #
>     TypesConfig conf/mime.types
> 
>     #
>     # AddType allows you to add to or override the MIME configuration
>     # file specified in TypesConfig for specific file types.
>     #
>     #AddType application/x-gzip .tgz
>     #
>     # AddEncoding allows you to have certain browsers uncompress
>     # information on the fly. Note: Not all browsers support this.
>     #
>     #AddEncoding x-compress .Z
>     #AddEncoding x-gzip .gz .tgz
>     #
>     # If the AddEncoding directives above are commented-out, then you
>     # probably should define those extensions to indicate media types:
>     #
>     AddType application/x-compress .Z
>     AddType application/x-gzip .gz .tgz
> 
>     # PHP
>     AddType application/x-httpd-php .php .phtml
> 
>     #
>     # AddHandler allows you to map certain file extensions to 
> "handlers":
>     # actions unrelated to filetype. These can be either 
> built into the 
> server
>     # or added with the Action directive (see below)
>     #
>     # To use CGI scripts outside of ScriptAliased directories:
>     # (You will also need to add "ExecCGI" to the "Options" 
> directive.)
>     #
>     #AddHandler cgi-script .cgi
> 
>     # For type maps (negotiated resources):
>     #AddHandler type-map var
> 
>     #
>     # Filters allow you to process content before it is sent 
> to the client.
>     #
>     # To parse .shtml files for server-side includes (SSI):
>     # (You will also need to add "Includes" to the "Options" 
> directive.)
>     #
>     #AddType text/html .shtml
>     #AddOutputFilter INCLUDES .shtml
> </IfModule>
> 
> #
> # The mod_mime_magic module allows the server to use various 
> hints from the
> # contents of the file itself to determine its type.  The 
> MIMEMagicFile
> # directive tells the module where the hint definitions are located.
> #
> #MIMEMagicFile conf/magic
> 
> #
> # Customizable error responses come in three flavors:
> # 1) plain text 2) local redirects 3) external redirects
> #
> # Some examples:
> #ErrorDocument 500 "The server made a boo boo."
> #ErrorDocument 404 /missing.html
> #ErrorDocument 404 "/cgi-bin/missing_handler.pl"
> #ErrorDocument 402 http://www.example.com/subscription_info.html
> #
> 
> #
> # EnableMMAP and EnableSendfile: On systems that support it,
> # memory-mapping or the sendfile syscall is used to deliver
> # files.  This usually improves server performance, but must
> # be turned off when serving from networked-mounted
> # filesystems or if support for these functions is otherwise
> # broken on your system.
> #
> #EnableMMAP off
> #EnableSendfile off
> 
> # Supplemental configuration
> #
> # The configuration files in the conf/extra/ directory can be
> # included to add extra features or to modify the default 
> configuration of
> # the server, or you may simply copy their contents here and change as
> # necessary.
> 
> # Server-pool management (MPM specific)
> #Include conf/extra/httpd-mpm.conf
> 
> # Multi-language error messages
> #Include conf/extra/httpd-multilang-errordoc.conf
> 
> # Fancy directory listings
> #Include conf/extra/httpd-autoindex.conf
> 
> # Language settings
> #Include conf/extra/httpd-languages.conf
> 
> # User home directories
> Include conf/extra/httpd-userdir.conf
> 
> # Real-time info on requests and configuration
> #Include conf/extra/httpd-info.conf
> 
> # Virtual hosts
> #Include conf/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf
> # Local access to the Apache HTTP Server Manual
> #Include conf/extra/httpd-manual.conf
> 
> # Distributed authoring and versioning (WebDAV)
> #Include conf/extra/httpd-dav.conf
> 
> # Various default settings
> #Include conf/extra/httpd-default.conf
> 
> # Secure (SSL/TLS) connections
> #Include conf/extra/httpd-ssl.conf
> #
> # Note: The following must must be present to support
> #       starting without SSL on platforms with no /dev/random 
> equivalent
> #       but a statically compiled-in mod_ssl.
> #
> <IfModule ssl_module>
> SSLRandomSeed startup builtin
> SSLRandomSeed connect builtin
> </IfModule>
> 
> 
> --- snip ----
> 
> 
> ---------------------------------------------------------------------
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