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From Naipaul Ojar <>
Subject [users@httpd] Unable to start Apache/2.2.2 - http: bad user name daemon
Date Mon, 28 Aug 2006 21:08:34 GMT
I am unable to get Apache/2.2.2 to start after recompiling the source for 2.2.2, downloaded
from Cygwin.

$ /usr/bin/apachectl -k start
httpd: bad user name daemon

Operating System:-
Cygwin 1.5.21 on Windows XP SP2

1. The default setting does not work.
2. I have tried a valid userID and Group with admin rights, which does not work.

I have read the Apache pages and they suggest that one should not use root user

$ cat /etc/passwd
ASPNET:unused_by_nt/2000/xp:1003:513:ASP.NET Machine Account,U-IBM-CNO001Y\ASPNET,S-1-5-21-3002598208-1586291766-3582713335-1003:/
HelpAssistant:unused_by_nt/2000/xp:1004:513:Remote Desktop Help Assistant Account,U-IBM-CNO001Y\HelpAssistant,S-1-5-21-3002598208-1586291766-3582713335-1004:/home/HelpAssistant:/bin/bash
root:unused_by_nt/2000/xp:1007:513:UNIX Root User,U-IBM-CNO001Y\root,S-1-5-21-3002598208-1586291766-3582713335-1007:/home/root:/bin/bash
SUPPORT_388945a0:unused_by_nt/2000/xp:1002:513:CN=Microsoft Corporation,L=Redmond,S=Washington,C=US,U-IBM-CNO001Y\SUPPORT_388945a0

Content of the http.conf file:-

$ cat httpd.conf | grep -v "#" | grep -v "^$"
ServerRoot "/usr"
<IfModule !mpm_winnt.c>
<IfModule !mpm_netware.c>
<IfModule !mpm_netware.c>
<IfModule !perchild.c>
<IfModule !mpm_netware.c>
PidFile /var/run/
Timeout 300
KeepAlive On
MaxKeepAliveRequests 100
KeepAliveTimeout 15
<IfModule prefork.c>
StartServers         5
MinSpareServers      5
MaxSpareServers     10
MaxClients         150
MaxRequestsPerChild  0
<IfModule worker.c>
StartServers         2
MaxClients         150
MinSpareThreads     25
MaxSpareThreads     75
ThreadsPerChild     25
MaxRequestsPerChild  0
<IfModule perchild.c>
NumServers           5
StartThreads         5
MinSpareThreads      5
MaxSpareThreads     10
MaxThreadsPerChild  20
MaxRequestsPerChild  0
<IfModule mpm_winnt.c>
ThreadsPerChild 250
MaxRequestsPerChild  0
<IfModule beos.c>
StartThreads               10
MaxClients                 50
MaxRequestsPerThread       10000
<IfModule mpm_netware.c>
ThreadStackSize      65536
StartThreads           250
MinSpareThreads         25
MaxSpareThreads        250
MaxThreads            1000
MaxRequestsPerChild      0
MaxMemFree             100
<IfModule mpmt_os2.c>
StartServers           2
MinSpareThreads        5
MaxSpareThreads       10
MaxRequestsPerChild    0
Listen 80
LoadModule auth_basic_module  lib/apache2/
LoadModule authn_default_module lib/apache2/
LoadModule authn_file_module  lib/apache2/
LoadModule authn_anon_module  lib/apache2/
LoadModule authn_dbm_module   lib/apache2/
LoadModule auth_digest_module lib/apache2/
LoadModule ext_filter_module  lib/apache2/
LoadModule include_module     lib/apache2/
LoadModule deflate_module     lib/apache2/
LoadModule log_config_module  lib/apache2/
LoadModule log_forensic_module lib/apache2/
LoadModule env_module         lib/apache2/
LoadModule mime_magic_module  lib/apache2/
LoadModule cern_meta_module   lib/apache2/
LoadModule expires_module     lib/apache2/
LoadModule headers_module     lib/apache2/
LoadModule usertrack_module   lib/apache2/
LoadModule unique_id_module   lib/apache2/
LoadModule setenvif_module    lib/apache2/
LoadModule mime_module        lib/apache2/
LoadModule dav_module         lib/apache2/
LoadModule status_module      lib/apache2/
LoadModule autoindex_module   lib/apache2/
LoadModule asis_module        lib/apache2/
LoadModule info_module        lib/apache2/
LoadModule cgi_module         lib/apache2/
LoadModule dav_fs_module      lib/apache2/
LoadModule vhost_alias_module lib/apache2/
LoadModule negotiation_module lib/apache2/
LoadModule dir_module         lib/apache2/
LoadModule actions_module     lib/apache2/
LoadModule speling_module     lib/apache2/
LoadModule userdir_module     lib/apache2/
LoadModule alias_module       lib/apache2/
LoadModule rewrite_module     lib/apache2/
<IfModule !mpm_winnt.c>
<IfModule !mpm_netware.c>
User gb047358
Group Administrators
ServerName IBM-cno001y
UseCanonicalName Off
DocumentRoot "/srv/www/htdocs"
<Directory />
    Options FollowSymLinks
    AllowOverride None
<Directory "/srv/www/htdocs">
    Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
    AllowOverride None
    Order allow,deny
    Allow from all
UserDir public_html
DirectoryIndex index.html index.html.var
AccessFileName .htaccess
<FilesMatch "^\.ht">
    Order allow,deny
    Deny from all
TypesConfig /etc/apache2/mime.types
DefaultType text/plain
<IfModule mod_mime_magic.c>
    MIMEMagicFile /etc/apache2/magic
HostnameLookups Off
ErrorLog /var/log/apache2/error_log
LogLevel warn
LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\"" combined
LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b" common
LogFormat "%{Referer}i -> %U" referer
LogFormat "%{User-agent}i" agent
CustomLog /var/log/apache2/access_log common
ServerTokens Full
ServerSignature On
Alias /icons/ "/usr/share/apache2/icons/"
<Directory "/usr/share/apache2/icons">
    Options Indexes MultiViews
    AllowOverride None
    Order allow,deny
    Allow from all
AliasMatch ^/manual(?:/(?:de|en|es|fr|ja|ko|ru))?(/.*)?$ "/usr/share/apache2/manual$1"
<Directory "/usr/share/apache2/manual">
    Options Indexes
    AllowOverride None
    Order allow,deny
    Allow from all
    <Files *.html>
        SetHandler type-map
    SetEnvIf Request_URI ^/manual/(de|en|es|fr|ja|ko|ru)/ prefer-language=$1
    RedirectMatch 301 ^/manual(?:/(de|en|es|fr|ja|ko|ru)){2,}(/.*)?$ /manual/$1$2
ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ "/srv/www/cgi-bin/"
<IfModule mod_cgid.c>
<Directory "/srv/www/cgi-bin">
    AllowOverride None
    Options None
    Order allow,deny
    Allow from all
IndexOptions FancyIndexing VersionSort
AddIconByEncoding (CMP,/icons/compressed.gif) x-compress x-gzip
AddIconByType (TXT,/icons/text.gif) text/*
AddIconByType (IMG,/icons/image2.gif) image/*
AddIconByType (SND,/icons/sound2.gif) audio/*
AddIconByType (VID,/icons/movie.gif) video/*
AddIcon /icons/binary.gif .bin .exe
AddIcon /icons/binhex.gif .hqx
AddIcon /icons/tar.gif .tar
AddIcon /icons/world2.gif .wrl .wrl.gz .vrml .vrm .iv
AddIcon /icons/compressed.gif .Z .z .tgz .gz .zip
AddIcon /icons/a.gif .ps .ai .eps
AddIcon /icons/layout.gif .html .shtml .htm .pdf
AddIcon /icons/text.gif .txt
AddIcon /icons/c.gif .c
AddIcon /icons/p.gif .pl .py
AddIcon /icons/f.gif .for
AddIcon /icons/dvi.gif .dvi
AddIcon /icons/uuencoded.gif .uu
AddIcon /icons/script.gif .conf .sh .shar .csh .ksh .tcl
AddIcon /icons/tex.gif .tex
AddIcon /icons/bomb.gif core
AddIcon /icons/back.gif ..
AddIcon /icons/hand.right.gif README
AddIcon /icons/folder.gif ^^DIRECTORY^^
AddIcon /icons/blank.gif ^^BLANKICON^^
DefaultIcon /icons/unknown.gif
ReadmeName README.html
HeaderName HEADER.html
AddLanguage ca .ca
AddLanguage cs .cz .cs
AddLanguage da .dk
AddLanguage de .de
AddLanguage el .el
AddLanguage en .en
AddLanguage eo .eo
AddLanguage es .es
AddLanguage et .et
AddLanguage fr .fr
AddLanguage he .he
AddLanguage hr .hr
AddLanguage it .it
AddLanguage ja .ja
AddLanguage ko .ko
AddLanguage ltz .ltz
AddLanguage nl .nl
AddLanguage nn .nn
AddLanguage no .no
AddLanguage pl .po
AddLanguage pt .pt
AddLanguage pt-BR .pt-br
AddLanguage ru .ru
AddLanguage sv .sv
AddLanguage zh-CN .zh-cn
AddLanguage zh-TW .zh-tw
LanguagePriority en ca cs da de el eo es et fr he hr it ja ko ltz nl nn no pl pt pt-BR ru
sv zh-CN zh-TW
ForceLanguagePriority Prefer Fallback
AddCharset ISO-8859-1  .iso8859-1  .latin1
AddCharset ISO-8859-2  .iso8859-2  .latin2 .cen
AddCharset ISO-8859-3  .iso8859-3  .latin3
AddCharset ISO-8859-4  .iso8859-4  .latin4
AddCharset ISO-8859-5  .iso8859-5  .latin5 .cyr .iso-ru
AddCharset ISO-8859-6  .iso8859-6  .latin6 .arb
AddCharset ISO-8859-7  .iso8859-7  .latin7 .grk
AddCharset ISO-8859-8  .iso8859-8  .latin8 .heb
AddCharset ISO-8859-9  .iso8859-9  .latin9 .trk
AddCharset ISO-2022-JP .iso2022-jp .jis
AddCharset ISO-2022-KR .iso2022-kr .kis
AddCharset ISO-2022-CN .iso2022-cn .cis
AddCharset Big5        .Big5       .big5
AddCharset WINDOWS-1251 .cp-1251   .win-1251
AddCharset CP866       .cp866
AddCharset KOI8-r      .koi8-r .koi8-ru
AddCharset KOI8-ru     .koi8-uk .ua
AddCharset ISO-10646-UCS-2 .ucs2
AddCharset ISO-10646-UCS-4 .ucs4
AddCharset UTF-8       .utf8
AddCharset GB2312      .gb2312 .gb
AddCharset utf-7       .utf7
AddCharset utf-8       .utf8
AddCharset big5        .big5 .b5
AddCharset EUC-TW      .euc-tw
AddCharset EUC-JP      .euc-jp
AddCharset EUC-KR      .euc-kr
AddCharset shift_jis   .sjis
AddType application/x-compress .Z
AddType application/x-gzip .gz .tgz
AddHandler type-map var
BrowserMatch "Mozilla/2" nokeepalive
BrowserMatch "MSIE 4\.0b2;" nokeepalive downgrade-1.0 force-response-1.0
BrowserMatch "RealPlayer 4\.0" force-response-1.0
BrowserMatch "Java/1\.0" force-response-1.0
BrowserMatch "JDK/1\.0" force-response-1.0
BrowserMatch "Microsoft Data Access Internet Publishing Provider" redirect-carefully
BrowserMatch "MS FrontPage" redirect-carefully
BrowserMatch "^WebDrive" redirect-carefully
BrowserMatch "^WebDAVFS/1.[0123]" redirect-carefully
BrowserMatch "^gnome-vfs" redirect-carefully
BrowserMatch "^XML Spy" redirect-carefully
BrowserMatch "^Dreamweaver-WebDAV-SCM1" redirect-carefully
<IfModule mod_ssl.c>
    Include /etc/apache2/ssl.conf
Include /etc/apache2/conf.d/*.conf

Best Regards
Naipaul Ojar
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