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From sanjay tripathi <>
Subject Re: [users@httpd] How to direct http to https
Date Fri, 24 Feb 2006 09:28:42 GMT
             Hope this will resolve your problem. If you will get any problem, just let me
know. One another thing.. if somehow it willn't work.. then send me apache logs also.
  Sanjay Tripathi


Many thanks. I will follow the steps and see what happens.


On Thursday 23 February 2006 12:49 am, sanjay tripathi wrote:
> Hi Scenario: You've changed the location/path of a webpage on your server,
> but you don't want to break links to the old location. You could just use
> symlinks, but you want the new URL to appear in the user's browser so that
> new links/bookmarks point to the new, real location of your page. AND/OR
> you want requests to to be redirected
> to the https:// (SSL) version of that page. Especially if that page is in
> an Apache realm that requires a login, and you want the login to be
> encrypted. This guide will explain how to do both of those things. Step
> 1: Make sure mod_rewrite is being loaded; in other words, make sure that
> /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf contains the line: LoadModule rewrite_module
> modules/
> Step 2: Back up and then edit httpd.conf (you will need to be root). If
> you're using VirtualHost directives (see link), then find the VirtualHost
> block that corresponds to the url you want to rewrite. Otherwise put it in
> wherever you set the options for your site, or put it in a separate
> Directory block -- whatever you prefer. Add the line: RewriteEngine On
> Also, if it's not already set, you will need to add:
> Options +FollowSymlinks
> Step 3: Rules. If you're a regex king then you can get all kinds of fancy
> with these. I am just going to post a couple of simple example here:
> RewriteRule ^/oldpath/(.*)$ /newpath/$1 [R]
> In other words, followed by anything --
> /oldpath/oldpage.html, /oldpath/index.php, or just /oldpath/ by itself --
> will be rewritten to (followed by whatever
> followed the original URL). The R in brackets means "rewrite the URL in the
> user's browser." You can do "invisible" rewrites by leaving this off.
> RewriteRule ^(.*)\.html$ $1.php [R=permanent]
> This is nice for when you re-do your entire website in php, but you don't
> want to break links to SSL
> Redirects: Are more complicated than that. In httpd.conf you make the
> (relatively-straightforward) rule, preceded by a conditional: RewriteCond 
> %{SERVER_PORT} !^443$ RewriteRule ^/secret(.*)$
>$1 [L,R] The RewriteCond line says, "if the
> request is not already going to port 443 (the https port), then rewrite
> it." This prevents the server from doing redundant rewrites on URLs that
> are already correct. The rule itself is very similar to the previous
> example, except that it rewrites with the whole domain name so that it can
> include the https: part. The bracketed R is explained above, the additional
> L means "last rule" which I guess tells Apache to stop running the rewrite
> module or something. I really don't know. But you're not done yet. Now
> you need to edit /etc/httpd/conf.d/ssl.conf. We're assuming here that
> you've already got certificates configured and whatnot (https: actually
> works). Here's what my Directory block looks like: > "/home/">
Options +Indexes 
> SSLOptions +StrictRequire SSLRequire 
> %{SSL_CIPHER_USEKEYSIZE} >= 128 Order deny,allow deny
> from all ######## # These next five lines are for
> requiring an Apache login AuthType Basic AllowOverride
> AuthConfig AuthUserFile /etc/httpd/conf/users AuthName
> "Restricted Area" require valid-user ######## 
> satisfy any If you're not using Apache realm authentication,
> then leave out those five lines. If you ARE doing realms, but using
> separate .htaccess files, there is a way to do the rewrites and keep the
> .htaccess files but I couldn't make it work so I just moved the directives
> into httpd.conf. Sorry
> wrote: Hello
> Certainly a newbie question but I wonder how apache directs http://mysite
> to https://mysite automatically? The setup on my machine is port 443 but
> this is not exactly what I want.
> Many thanks
> Ed
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