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From Axel-St├ęphane SMORGRAV <>
Subject RE: [users@httpd] Multiple httpd instances on startup? (OS X)
Date Thu, 26 Jan 2006 10:08:09 GMT
What you observe is quite normal behaviour. 

I was expecting to see what MPM you use in the output of "httpd -l", but since it does not
appear I'll assume it is prefork. Since you have not configured StartServers in httpd.conf,
the value of this parameter defaults to 5 which means that 5 prefork'ed processes will be
started upon initialisation of the server. Each of these 5 processes can handle one client

If the number of simultaneous client connections increases beyond this, additional processes
will be forked by the parent process up to the limit specified by MaxClients which by default
is 256. Actually, to be entirely exact, if the number of idle processes falls below MinSpareServers,
new processes will be forked until there are at least MinSpareServers idle processes or the
MaxClients limit is reached. If there are more than MaxSpareServers idle processes (processes
not serving a connection), idle processes will be killed until there is a maximum of MaxSpareServers

You can monitor server activity using mod_status.

See and
and for details. 


-----Original Message-----
From: [] 
Sent: Thursday, January 26, 2006 10:43 AM
Subject: RE: [users@httpd] Multiple httpd instances on startup? (OS X)

---- "Axel-St├ęphane  SMORGRAV" <> wrote: 
> What do you mean by "instances"??
> Do you mean that there are 5 httpd processes?
> Could you list the output of "httpd -l" and the value of your StartServers configuration
> -ascs

hugo:~ james$ httpd -l
Compiled-in modules:
suexec: disabled; invalid wrapper /usr/sbin/suexec

I'm not sure what you mean by StartServices configuration parameter, though.  This was a basic
install with no extra configuration.  Followed the directions in the httpd docs on
to the letter.  Where can I find config info on StartServices?


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