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From Robert Zagarello <bz...@yahoo.com>
Subject Re: [users@httpd] Can this be Done?
Date Wed, 04 May 2005 16:22:30 GMT

Here are some guidelines for running a private web
server on your home network for internet
accessibility.  I think I've included everything. 
This is actually what I am using myself (am running
NetBSD) and it is working:

1. Use Dynamic DNS and a 3rd party DDNS service
provider like dyndns.org.  There should be an entry
for DDNS in your home cable/DSL router for this.  You
don't need an internet registered domain and DNS
address - the DDNS service will do it.  You don't need
a static IP address from your ISP for your router.

2. Install and run the SSH daemon for remote admin to
your web server.

3. On remote Windows PCs use PuTTY and PuTTY's command
line utilities for up/downloading files from your web
server.

4.  On your cable/DSL home router put an entry for the
remote IP addresses in your firewall, specifying the
host and SSH ports, and route them to your web server.

5.  Put an entry in your router's firewall for the
router itself, as in the previous step, to test
internet accessibility from your home network.  If you
put an entry for your web server's host name in a home
network PC's hosts file, you will access the web
server without going out to the internet.  If you use
the web server's FQDN (full host plus domain name,
fully qualified domain name), your home PC will
actually request name translation from your ISP's DNS,
which is your router, and then direct your request to
your router's WAN side port, effectively testing for
internet accessibility.

6. In your web server's host file put your DDNS
address and FQDN (full host plus domain name, fully
qualified domain name) you got from your DDNS service
provider.  Don't put in the web server's private LAN
address.  Note the IP address may change because you
are using DDNS - but it doesn't change that frequently
- so you may want to run a script that checks it
daily.

7.  You may want to put a simple non-dotted
up-to-15-character name for your ISP's DNS to test
name resolution from your web server when you have
problems using nslookup for example (you have to
specify the server using nslookup because the web
server is on your home network).

8.  You can also put a simple non-dotted
up-to-15-character name (say, just the host name only
of the FQDN) for the web server in your home PC's
hosts file to permit local testing of your web server.

9.  In rc.conf (I am running NetBSD) on the web
server,   put in the DDNS FQDN as the hostname and
similarly its domain part for the domainname.

There are entries above for the IP address that are
made manually so these have to be checked periodically
if changed by your broadband ISP.  (This does not
include the DDNS entry in the router which will update
your DDNS service entry automatically).

BZAG
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