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From "R. Simons" <robcl...@yahoo.com>
Subject [users@httpd] Apache2 Configuring Virtual Servers/Hosts
Date Sun, 02 Jan 2005 22:50:01 GMT
Hi All,

After spending a lot of effort trying to get virtual
servers working on a SuSE's SLES9 server, I am posting
this in hopes of saving others the time.  Maybe I have
missed something in the documentation, but the
following configurations was the only way I could get
it to work.  I took a LAN trace, and I could see the
client was making request for the correct domain.  But
I was always seeing the first virtual server's web
page.

There was 2 things I had add/modify.

1) Create a conf file in the directory
/etc/apache2/vhost.d/ that has nothing but the
NameVirtualHost directive.

2) Changed <VirtualHost *:80> to <VirtualHost
192.168.0.15>.  This section created interesting
results depending what values I used.

Examples of failed configs

<VirtualHost *:80>
Results after doing "rcapache2 restart":
test:/etc/apache2/vhosts.d # rcapache2 restart
[Sun Jan 02 16:31:49 2005] [warn] _default_
VirtualHost overlap on port 80, the first has
precedence
Syntax OK
Shutting down httpd2 (waiting for all children to
terminate)         done
Starting httpd2 (prefork) [Sun Jan 02 16:31:49 2005]
[warn] _default_ VirtualHost overlap on port 80, the
first has precedence
                                                      
              done


<VirtualHost *>
Results after doing "rcapache2 restart":
test:/etc/apache2/vhosts.d # rcapache2 restart
Syntax OK
Shutting down httpd2 (waiting for all children to
terminate)         done
Starting httpd2 (prefork)                             
              done


<VirtualHost 192.168.0.15>
Results after doing "rcapache2 restart":
test:/etc/apache2/vhosts.d # rcapache2 restart
[Sun Jan 02 15:09:05 2005] [warn] VirtualHost
192.168.0.15:0 overlaps with VirtualHost
192.168.0.15:0, the first has precedence, perhaps you
need a NameVirtualHost directive
Syntax OK
Shutting down httpd2 (waiting for all children to
terminate)         done
Starting httpd2 (prefork) [Sun Jan 02 15:09:06 2005]
[warn] VirtualHost 192.168.0.15:0 overlaps with
VirtualHost 192.168.0.15:0, the first has precedence,
perhaps you need a NameVirtualHost directive
                                                      
              done


<VirtualHost www.c1thecat.com> and <VirtualHost
www.k2thecat.com>
Results after doing "rcapache2 restart":
test:/etc/apache2/vhosts.d # rcapache2 restart
[Sun Jan 02 14:59:39 2005] [warn] VirtualHost
www.c1thecat.com:0 overlaps with VirtualHost
www.k2thecat.com:0, the first has precedence, perhaps
you need a NameVirtualHost directive
Syntax OK
Shutting down httpd2 (waiting for all children to
terminate)         done
Starting httpd2 (prefork) [Sun Jan 02 14:59:39 2005]
[warn] VirtualHost www.c1thecat.com:0 overlaps with
VirtualHost www.k2thecat.com:0, the first has
precedence, perhaps you need a NameVirtualHost
directive
                                                      
              done


Here is my working configuration.


Apache2 Version:
test:~ # rpm -q apache2
apache2-2.0.49-27.8


My conf files:
test:/etc/apache2/vhosts.d # ls
.
..
c1thecat-vhost.conf ...	First Domain
k2thecat-vhost.conf ...	Second Domain
namevhost.conf	.......	My NameVirtualHost directive
conf file
vhost-ssl.template
vhost.template


Contents of namevhost.conf:
test:/etc/apache2/vhosts.d # cat namevhost.conf
NameVirtualHost 192.168.0.15


Contents of c1thecat-vhost.conf:
test:/etc/apache2/vhosts.d # cat c1thecat-vhost.conf
<VirtualHost 192.168.0.15>
    ServerAdmin webmaster@c1thecat.com 
    ServerName www.c1thecat.com 
    DocumentRoot /srv/www/vhosts/c1thecat.com
    ErrorLog /var/log/apache2/c1thecat.com-error_log
    CustomLog /var/log/apache2/c1thecat.com-access_log
combined

    # don't loose time with IP address lookups
    HostnameLookups Off

    # needed for named virtual hosts
    UseCanonicalName Off

    # configures the footer on server-generated
documents
    ServerSignature On

    ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/
"/srv/www/vhosts/c1thecat.com/cgi-bin/"

    <Directory "/srv/www/vhosts/c1thecat.com/cgi-bin">
        AllowOverride None
        Options +ExecCGI -Includes
        Order allow,deny
        Allow from all
    </Directory>

    <IfModule mod_userdir.c>
        UserDir public_html
        Include /etc/apache2/mod_userdir.conf
    </IfModule>

    <Directory "/srv/www/vhosts/c1thecat.com">
        Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
        AllowOverride None
        Order allow,deny
        Allow from all
    </Directory>

</VirtualHost>


Contents of k2thecat-vhost.conf:
test:/etc/apache2/vhosts.d # cat k2thecat-vhost.conf
<VirtualHost 192.168.0.15>
    ServerAdmin webmaster@.k2thecat.com 
    ServerName www.k2thecat.com 
    DocumentRoot /srv/www/vhosts/k2thecat.com
    ErrorLog /var/log/apache2/k2thecat.com-error_log
    CustomLog /var/log/apache2/k2thecat.com-access_log
combined

    # don't loose time with IP address lookups
    HostnameLookups Off

    # needed for named virtual hosts
    UseCanonicalName Off

    # configures the footer on server-generated
documents
    ServerSignature On

    ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/
"/srv/www/vhosts/k2thecat.com/cgi-bin/"

    <Directory "/srv/www/vhosts/k2thecat.com/cgi-bin">
        AllowOverride None
        Options +ExecCGI -Includes
        Order allow,deny
        Allow from all
    </Directory>

    <IfModule mod_userdir.c>
        UserDir public_html
        Include /etc/apache2/mod_userdir.conf
    </IfModule>

    <Directory "/srv/www/vhosts/k2thecat.com">
        Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
        AllowOverride None
        Order allow,deny
        Allow from all
    </Directory>

</VirtualHost>


My documentroot directories:
test:/srv/www/vhosts # ls
.
..
c1thecat.com
k2thecat.com


Last 25 lines of httpd.conf: 
test:~ # tail -25 /etc/apache2/httpd.conf
### Virtual server configuration
############################################
#
# VirtualHost: If you want to maintain multiple
domains/hostnames on your
# machine you can setup VirtualHost containers for
them. Most configurations
# use only name-based virtual hosts so the server
doesn't need to worry about
# IP addresses. This is indicated by the asterisks in
the directives below.
#
# Please see the documentation at
# <URL:http://httpd.apache.org/docs-2.0/vhosts/>
# for further details before you try to setup virtual
hosts.
#
# You may use the command line option '-S' to verify
your virtual host
# configuration.
#

Include /etc/apache2/vhosts.d/*.conf


# Note: instead of adding your own configuration here,
consider
#       adding it in your own file
(/etc/apache2/httpd.conf.local)
#       putting its name into
APACHE_CONF_INCLUDE_FILES in
#       /etc/sysconfig/apache2 -- this will make
system updates
#       easier :)


		
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