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From "Souramita Sen" <>
Subject New to module development
Date Tue, 13 Mar 2007 04:27:50 GMT


Greetings to All..I am a new member of this list and would like to know the
following :-

1. Suppose i make a demo module named "mod_demo" that would print "Hello
World" once Apache web server is started. I have surfed through different web
sites and jotted down the following steps:
   a) Write the corresponding C file mod_demo.c that prints "Hello World"
   b) Compile the module by invoking
           gcc -fPIC -DSHARED_MODULE -I/usr/include/httpd
-I/usr/include/apr-0  -c mod_demo.c

   c) Make a shared object from the object file
           ld -Bshareable -o mod_demo.o

   d) Copy the file to the apache modules directory:
           cp /usr/lib/httpd/modules/
           chmod 0755 /usr/lib/httpd/modules/

   e) Add the line to httpd.conf file for Apache to load the module
           LoadModule myvar_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/

   f) Add the following in the httpd.conf file
           <IfModule mod_demo.c>
               DemoEnable On

    This will enable the new module.

Now my doubts are:
    a) To enable the module should not I stop the apache server(service httpd
stop) and compile the apache directory again? If yes How do i compile the
apache directory again?
    b) I did not understand the format of how to write the mod_demo.c. It is
not simple C file. Here is what i found in net as contents of some
mod_myvar.c. In the Fedora core Linux distribution the following header files
are not present by default.


#include "httpd.h"
#include "http_config.h"
#include "http_protocol.h"
#include "http_log.h"
#include "ap_config.h"

module AP_MODULE_DECLARE_DATA myvar_module;

static apr_status_t myvar_cleanup(void *cfgdata) {
   // cleanup code here, if needed
   return APR_SUCCESS;

static void myvar_child_init(apr_pool_t *p, server_rec *s) {
   apr_pool_cleanup_register(p, NULL, myvar_cleanup, myvar_cleanup);

static int myvar_post_read_request(request_rec *r) {
   char myvar[16] = "CAPTAIN WAS HERE";
   apr_table_set(r->notes, "myvar", myvar); // PHP: apache_notes
   apr_table_set( r->subprocess_env, "myvar", myvar ); // PHP:
   return OK;

static const char *set_myvar_enable(cmd_parms *cmd, void *dummy, int arg) {
   ap_get_module_config(cmd->server->module_config, &myvar_module);
   return NULL;

static const command_rec myvar_cmds[] = {
   AP_INIT_FLAG( "MyVarEnable", set_myvar_enable, NULL, OR_FILEINFO, "Turn on

static void myvar_register_hooks(apr_pool_t *p) {
   ap_hook_post_read_request( myvar_post_read_request, NULL, NULL,
   ap_hook_child_init(        myvar_child_init,        NULL, NULL,

// API hooks
module AP_MODULE_DECLARE_DATA myvar_module = {
   NULL,                        /* create per-dir    config structures */
   NULL,                        /* merge  per-dir    config structures */
   NULL,                        /* create per-server config structures */
   NULL,                        /* merge  per-server config structures */
   myvar_cmds,                  /* table of config file commands       */
   myvar_register_hooks         /* register hooks                      */




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