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From Apache Wiki <>
Subject [Httpd Wiki] Update of "AIXPlatform" by MichaelFelt
Date Thu, 07 Aug 2014 08:59:57 GMT
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The "AIXPlatform" page has been changed by MichaelFelt:

update with instuctions on using the scripts in the directory build/aix

  = Compiling on AIX =
+ == creating an installp package ==
+ The latest version 2.2 and 2.4 distributions include a directory ./build/aix with scripts
that will create an installp package. This approach expects you to also download and package
the APR and APR-UTIL packages in advance.
+ Unfortunately, the build/aix scripts are not yet included in the APR downloads. They are
available at **LINK WILL FOLLOW**
+ === Preparations ===
+ Preparations: see ''prerequisites'' below as well. One goal of these scripts is to prevent
the need for mixing RPM's from other sources (e.g., perlz and/or AIX Toolbox). Mixing libraries
will sometimes break things when updates are applied. In short, as much as possible - "generic"
BOS AIX is used. To prevent filename collisions /opt/freeware and /usr/local are not used.
Likewise, /usr/lib is not intended as a target directory. (Note: the build/aix scripts check
for the existence of zlib include files and setup links in when they are missing in the places
where ./configure expects them (e.g., /usr/include) - so that you do not need to install a
so-called development RPM. These files are available - just not where configure looks).
+ The build/aix (inspired by build/pkg) scripts also refer to a new layout in ./config.layout
-- AIX. There is a discussion about this layout below.
+ * coreutils (for the install to DESTDIR - /var/tmp/root/httpd-version). I can wish otherwise,
but apr expects a behavior that only GNU/coreutils install has - both /usr/bin/install and
/usr/ucb/install fail during the install to a DESTDIR.
+ (This means if you only want to use "make install" rather than mkinstallp.ksh you can skip
installing coreutils).
+ * bos.adt.insttools : this is the fileset that includes the AIX script mkinstallp which
is needed by build/aix/mkinstallp.ksh (FYI: mkinstallp.ksh automates creating the template
mkinstallp needs)
+ RECOMMENDED: add /opt/bin to your PATH as first argument. This is the area where the buildaix
(available via sourceforge or at aixtools) and build/aix/* scripts put binaries and scripts.
+ === Step by Step ===
+ For both versions 2.2 and 2.4 APR and APR-UTIL are needed. So the first step is to download
both, and the APR build/aix scripts listed above (until they (I hope) appear in the distributions).
+ {{{
+  # build/aix/buildaix.ksh
+  # installp -d build/aix all
+ }}}
+ This will create the ASF.apr-vac.rte and ASF.apu-vac.rte and install them in /opt/bin (When
using gcc these will be named ASF.apr-gcc.rte and ASF-apu-gcc.rte. APR and APR-UTIL are dependent
on the compiler used. The different fileset names helps to identify which compiler is supported.
The files installed have the same name and position.
+ You are almost ready to build HTTPD. For version 2.4 you must have pcre somewhere. You can
build this yourself, but easier may be to use a prepackaged one, e.g. from aixtools (
+ If all is ready then all you should need is:
+ {{{
+  # build/aix/buildaix.ksh
+  # installp -d build/aix all
+  # mkgroup -a daemon
+  # vi /etc/httpd/httpd.conf # to set your serverName
+  # /opt/httpd/sbin/apachectl -l # check application without loading any modules
+  # /opt/httpd/sbin/apachectl -L # check for modules that do not load (e.g., mod_ldap)
+ }}}
+ At this point you can edit /etc/httpd/httpd.conf to comment out LoadModule statements that
are preventing /opt/httpd/sbin/httpd from loading.
+ === configure returns an error ===
+ My favorite command when that happens is:
+ {{{
+  # grep configure: config.log | tail
+ }}}
+ Note also, build/aix/buildaix accepts additional arguments for configure, for example to
disable FEATURE use
+ {{{
+  # build/aix/buildaix.ksh  --disable-FEATURE
+ }}}
  == prerequisites ==
   * xlc and gcc both are reported to work
@@ -40, +87 @@

    * ''perl -p -i.orig -e  \"s#[&#94; ]$curdir/srclib/apr-util/xml/expat/lib/
-lexpat#; s#[&#94; ];\" $PWD/srclib/apr-util/Makefile''
  == AIX layout discussion ==
- Ideal:
+ With the latest distributions there is a layout for AIX in config.layout to assist with
standardization of packaging on AIX.
+ The goals:
   * man pages in /usr/share/man/...
   * read only, system independent files in /opt/httpd/...
   * system dependent files in /var/httpd/...
+  * no files in /usr - except for man pages
   * no files in /usr/local
+  * httpd is used as directory name rather than apache2
   * /opt/httpd for binaries and static files (to be a USR part of an installp package)
   * /var/httpd as base for files that are system dependent and may be modified
   * /var/httpd/etc as base for config files
   * /usr/share/man for the man pages so that man httpd-foo works directly
+  * /etc/httpd/* is used for config files
+  * this layout will directly support multiple installations in system WPARs
-  * intention is that using /opt, /var, installation will directly support system WPARs
+  * Optional: If all server related files are to be in a separate filesystem (e.g., /var/httpd
you can consider moving /etc/httpd to /var/httpd/etc and creating a symbolic link from /etc/httpd
to /var/httpd/etc
-  * /etc/httpd is moved to /var/httpd/etc so that only one filesystem is needed. A symbolic
link could be placed in /etc
+ == Testing on AIX ==
+ To test httpd functionality you need (per 2014-08-06) at least perl v5.10 in order to add
the needed modules and modules. So, using standard AIX provided perl you must test on AIX
7.1 as AIX 5.3 has perl v5.8.2 and AIX 6.1 has perl v5.8.8.
+ === basic process ===
+  * Have apache httpd installed and configured normally (e.g. ServerName is defined, or you
will get a warned about this for EVERY test)
+ {{{ svn checkout ./test }}}
+ This should also download ApacheTest, if not use something like:
+ {{{ svn checkout ./test/Apache-Test
+ Now make sure your perl is current and load the bundle ApacheTest. This may take some trials
- and time.
+ {{{ perl -MCPAN -e 'install Bundle::ApacheTest' }}}
+ With the basics up and ready.
+ {{{
+  # su testuser
+  % find /opt/httpd -name apxs
+  % perl Makefile.PL -apxs ''full-path from find above''
+  % t/TEST
+ }}}

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