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From André Malo ...@perlig.de>
Subject Re: Selectable languages
Date Sat, 11 Jan 2003 20:15:20 GMT
* Joshua Slive wrote:

> Some thoughts:
> 
> 1. Having a perl script generate the metafiles is not a big deal.  We
> don't add or change files very often, so really the perl script can just
> be used for the initial change and we can even do it by hand after that.

ah right. This was mainly a rudiment from earlier trials. It does an 
additional dependency checking anyway. (metafile change -> touch all 
language variants). If we use the foreach task (see the posting about the 
out-of-memory/xalan-cache fix), we get the possibility to define a 
<dependset> that does that work (since we can determine every single 
filename)

> 2. Having the xml docs reference the metafile is not nice, but I agree
> probably unavoidable.  Again, it is a one-time thing for each doc, so we
> can live with it.

yep, exactly my thought.
By the way, the metafile can contain the relativepath, too (i.e. currently 
it does). So we can omit this particular element from the actual document 
sourcecode, which is a good thing, IMHO (since it actually describes 
metadata).

> 3. Once we have the metafiles, we can use some fancy xslt to generate
> mod_negotiation type maps.  This should be a real performance and
> simplicity improvement.

yes (performance) and yes/no (simplicity); see below.

> 4. Here's an idea to avoid the need for mod_rewrite, and thereby allow
> easier distribution:
> 
> manual/file1.meta.xml
> manual/file1.html (generated type-map)
> manual/file2.meta.xml
> manual/file2.html (generated type-map)
> manual/en/file1.xml
> manual/en/file1.html (generated html)
> manual/en/file2.xml
> manual/en/file2.html (generated html)
> manual/de/file1.xml
> manual/de/file1.html (generated html)
> manual/de/file2.xml
> manual/de/file2.html (generated html)
> 
> Now all references in the html are relative.  By default, the url looks
> like http://example.com/manual/file1.html which hits the typemap for
> content-negotiation.  A relative link "<a href="file2.html">" keeps
> you in the type-map file directory.  Now file1.xml contains auto-generated
> links (generated by looking at file1.meta.xml) to each language
> specific version (<a href="../en/file1.html"> and <a
> href="../de/file1.html">).  Once you are at the
> http://example.com/de/file1.html, then all (relative) links keep you under
> the de/ tree and no content negotiation occurs.
> 
> This, of course, requires a
> AddType type-map .var
> and a RemoveType in each language sub-directory.
> 
> Is this a good idea?

Partially. I'm very +1 on type maps in general, since it improves the 
performance much (the more files are present in the current directory). 
However, it doesn't solve all problems:

- if you're in the negotiated "root" branch (which actually uses files from 
  a particular language branch), the switch to an explicit language branch 
  won't work by the relative link. Currently (with the rewrite rules) it's 
  solved the other way round. The links are considered to be relative to 
  the "root" branch, thus you get within a language branch links like 
  "/manual/de/en/foo.html", when switching from de-branch to en-branch. 
  This can be detected by a RewriteRule (currently) or a RedirectMatch.
- The source files (meaning CSS and images etc.) have to be copied into 
  every branch or have to be aliased.
- At the moment (and for a long future time, I guess) the documents are not 
  translated entirely. This could be solved by turning on Multiviews within 
  the language subdirectories and use (also autogenerated) .html.var files 
  instead of the not-yet-translated .html files (need different extensions 
  in order to catch them). Multiviews detects the type-map and evaluates 
  it. (hmm, after some further thinking, we have also the problem with 
  diffenrent charsets, so the mutliviews are probably really neccessary - 
  or we configure them statically, i.e. one Location or Directory section 
  for every language *hmpf*)

So a complete solution with separated directories would be something like 
this:

manual/file1.meta.xml
manual/file1.html (generated type-map)
manual/file2.meta.xml
manual/file2.html (generated type-map)
...
manual/de/file1.xml
manual/de/file1.html (generated html)
manual/de/file2.xml
manual/de/file2.html.var (not transl., generated type-map)

the links to switch to another language would point to ./en/file.html 
instead of ../en/file.html (etc).
The config would be about the following: [untested, just written down]

# alias languaged /images/ and /style/
AliasMatch ^/manual(?:/(?:en|de|ru|ja|pt-br))?(/(?:images|style).*)$ \
            /path/to/manual$1

# alias the rest
Alias /manual /path/to/manual

# solve nested languages (lang2lang switch)
RedirectMatch ^/manual/(?:en|de|ru|ja|pt-br)/(en|de|ru|ja|pt-br)(/.*)?$ \
               /manual/$1$2

<Location /manual/>
  AddHandler type-map .html
  [... general stuff ...]
</Location>

<Location ~ ^/+manual/+(en|de|ru|ja|pt-br)>
  RemoveHandler .html
  AddHandler type-map .var
  Options +MultiViews
</Location>

-----------

Said all of that, the problem rolled round in my head, too. I think, it's 
worth to present it here, too, grabbing an opinion :). The result of my 
thoughts was an extension of mod_negotiation. It would introduce a new 
special variable, say "prefer-language", evaluated my mod_negotiation in 
the way, that it would at first try to serve the preferred language and if 
not possible negotiate over all variants. (A similar manipulation like 
"no-gzip" and "gzip-only-text/html" for mod_deflate do). That solution 
would rely on holding the different languages within the same directory 
again. The configuration would be similar to the above one, but we wouldn't 
need such a lot of files, for example:

manual/file1.meta.xml
manual/file1.html (generated type-map)
manual/file1.html.en
manual/file1.html.de
manual/file2.meta.xml
manual/file2.html (generated type-map)
manual/file2.html.en
...

httpd.conf:

# alias manual directory (an virtual language dirs.)
AliasMatch ^/manual(?:/(?:en|de|ru|ja|pt-br))?(/.*)? \
            /path/to/manual$1

# solve nested languages (lang2lang switch)
RedirectMatch ^/manual/(?:en|de|ru|ja|pt-br)/(en|de|ru|ja|pt-br)(/.*)? \
               /manual/$1$2

<Directory /path/to/manual>
  AddHandler type-map .html
  SetEnvIf Request_URI ^/manual/(en|de|ru|ja|pt-br)(?:/.*)? \
           prefered-language=$1

  <Files *.html.*>
    RemoveHandler .html
  </Files>

  [... general stuff ...]
</Directory>

The prefer-language feature should be easy to implement (afaics, just took 
a look into the mod_neg. code). Capturing results within setenvif also 
doesn't work at the moment, but should also be no problem to build in (and 
would be useful in general, too). I think, I'm able to code it up, but both 
changes probably have to be approved by some of the developers.

Sorry for the long post, I couldn't get it shorter ;-)

nd
-- 
Treat your password like your toothbrush. Don't let anybody else
use it, and get a new one every six months.  -- Clifford Stoll

                                    (found in ssl_engine_pphrase.c)

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