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From Reindl Harald <>
Subject Re: httpd + systemd
Date Fri, 26 Feb 2016 10:19:25 GMT

Am 26.02.2016 um 10:57 schrieb Graham Leggett:
> Hi all,
> I am trying to come up with a vanilla systemd unit file so that our RPM packaging contains
a sensible startup on systemd environments, but I’m struggling.
> With the unit file below the “systemctl restart httpd” command hangs. Usually the
server starts fine, but then the server is stopped by something a short while afterwards for
no clear reason. According to google the hang in systemctl happens for many people, systemctl
is waiting for a message that never comes, but the causes are widely varied and I am struggling
to figure out exactly what is wrong.
> What I am trying to achieve is a simple daemon start, with no mod_systemd (which isn’t
part of core httpd).
> Can anyone point out any obvious errors in the following?

i would recommend the following which is in use here starting in 2012 on 
all servers, with the no-forking the mainpid for systemd is clear and by 
stop the service all processes get a SIGTERM from systemd

that works also with mpm-prefork perfectly (we use prefork)

while i understand the "give httpd some time to finish gracefully" in 
case of a hard restart it has the drawback that new connections are not 
accepted for that time-period and so it has negative impact

in case of a SIGTERM the daemon is supposed to do a clean shutdown anyways

ExecStart=/usr/sbin/httpd $OPTIONS -D FOREGROUND
ExecReload=/usr/sbin/httpd $OPTIONS -k graceful

> [Unit]
> Description=The Apache HTTP Server
> Documentation=man:httpd(8)
> Documentation=man:apachectl(8)
> [Service]
> Type=forking
> PIDFile=/var/run/
> EnvironmentFile=/etc/sysconfig/httpd
> ExecStart=/usr/sbin/httpd $OPTIONS
> ExecReload=/usr/sbin/httpd $OPTIONS -k graceful
> ExecStop=/bin/kill -WINCH ${MAINPID}
> # We want systemd to give httpd some time to finish gracefully, but still want
> # it to kill httpd after TimeoutStopSec if something went wrong during the
> # graceful stop. Normally, Systemd sends SIGTERM signal right after the
> # ExecStop, which would kill httpd. We are sending useless SIGCONT here to give
> # httpd time to finish.
> KillSignal=SIGCONT
> PrivateTmp=true
> [Install]

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