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From "James Davidson" <>
Subject Re: XML configuration revisited
Date Mon, 11 Oct 1999 18:30:10 GMT
> The major issue I see is that Apache's configuration is extensible, but
> DTDs are not (at least, as far as I understand them). So, some kind of
> XDTD (to coin an acronym) is needed. I believe such things do exist, but
> I don't know much about them. However, the fact that they are plural
> worries me :-)

XML is extensible even if the DTD can be rigid. For example, in Ant (a
little build tool that we are using over in Tomcat land), the first two
levels of the config file are set, but the next level down is dynamically
mapped to wherever it needs to go.. Let me give an example:

The build.xml file is structured like:

    <project name="Tomcat">
      <target name="main" depends="foo">
        <[taskname] [taskattribute=value]/>

The taskname is resolved to a class, and instance of that class is created
and the attributes of the task are reflected into that class via beans
setter methods to configure it.

This lets us do the following:

    <project name="foo">
      <taskdef name="newtask" class="org.apache.reallycool.TaskClass"/>
      <target name="main">
        <newtask att1="foo" att2="bar"/>

So at runtime, I've created extensibility on the fly using this. In ant, the
definition of what the task tags can look like is driven by a set of
defaults and added to by in xml taskdefs -- in some other application such
as configuration -- the configuration could be read in a central location
and only the various components interested in particular parts of the config
file need ask for what they want.

I'm sure that people who think that everything should have a DTD are going
to choke over this approach, but it gives Ant amazing on the fly flexibility
to deal with things, lets people writing the config files use a well defined
easy to read common syntax, and lets the progam itself use standard XML
libraries to do business.


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