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From (Ben Hyde)
Subject [PATCH] windows.html - details details
Date Thu, 11 Jun 1998 15:31:49 GMT

Provide template where  somebody who knows can
explain how we mimic the unix signals on windows.

Explain how the poor thing finds it's ServerRoot.

Explain how to finish install, since Makefile.nt
can't quite do the whole job for you.

Fix broke internal link.

Somebody who thinks they understand the Window's
stuff should proof read!

Many other details could be added...


Index: windows.html
RCS file: /cvs/apache-1.3/htdocs/manual/windows.html,v
retrieving revision 1.16
diff -u -r1.16 windows.html
--- windows.html	1998/05/30 12:18:01	1.16
+++ windows.html	1998/06/11 15:23:58
@@ -47,6 +47,7 @@
   <LI><A HREF="#run">Running Apache for Windows</A>
   <LI><A HREF="#use">Using Apache for Windows</A>
   <LI><A HREF="#cmdline">Running Apache for Windows from the Command Line</A>
+  <LI><A HREF="#signal">Signalling Apache when running</A>
   <LI><A HREF="#comp">Compiling Apache for Windows</A>
@@ -152,7 +153,7 @@
 which should be set before you start really using Apache. However to
 get started quickly the files should work as installed.
-<H2><A NAME="inst">Running Apache for Windows</A></H2>
+<H2><A NAME="run">Running Apache for Windows</A></H2>
 There are two ways you can run Apache:
@@ -161,7 +162,7 @@
     you want Apache to automatically start when you machine boots, and to
     keep Apache running when you log-off.
- <LI>From a console window. This is the only option available for
+ <LI>From a <a ref="#cmdline">console window</a>. This is the only option
available for
     Windows 95 users.
@@ -272,32 +273,57 @@
 work from the command line.
 When working with Apache it is important to know how it will find the
-configuration files. During installation, a registry key will have
-been installed. For the 1.3 beta releases the key is:
+configuration files.  Apache will try one of the following, in this order.
-  HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Apache Group\Apache\1.3 beta\ServerRoot
+<li>A ServerRoot directive via a -C switch.
+<li>The -f switch on the command line.
+<li>The -d switch on the command line.
+<li>A registry entry, created if you did a binary install.
+<li>The server root compiled into the server.
-While for the final 1.3.0 release it is called:
+The server root compiled into the server is usually "/apache".
+invoking apache with the -v switch will display this value
+labeled as HTTPD_ROOT.
+Your current working directory when Apache is started up has no
+effect on Apache's behavior.
+Under windows, when invoked from the start menu or the Service Manager Apache is
+usually passed no arguments.  So using the registry entry is the perfered
+During a binary installation, a registry key will have
+been installed, for example:
   HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Apache Group\Apache\1.3.0\ServerRoot
-(The use of different keys lets you install later versions without
-affect any previous versions already installed. For example, when
-1.3.1 comes out it will use "1.3.1" instead of "1.3.0" in the registry
-key, so you can install and test 1.3.1 without affecting you existing
-1.3.0 installation. Note however that Windows NT service manager only
-ever allows one service with the same name, so you cannot install the
-newer version as a service whilst the older version is still
+For the 1.3 beta releases the key was:
+  HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Apache Group\Apache\1.3 beta\ServerRoot
+This key is compiled into the server and can enable you to test 
+new versions without affecting the current version.  Of course
+you must take care not to install the new version on top of the
+old version in the file system.  You can not run two invocations
+of Apache on Windows simultaneously.
+If you did not do a binary install then Apache will in some
+senarios complain that about the missing registry key.  This
+warning can be ignored if it otherwise was able to find it's
+configuration files.
 The value of this key is the "ServerRoot" directory, containing the
 <SAMP>conf</SAMP> directory. When Apache starts it will read the
 <SAMP>httpd.conf</SAMP> file from this directory. If this file
@@ -309,7 +335,6 @@
 directory in the <SAMP>httpd.conf</SAMP> file to the new location.
 To run Apache from the command line as a console application, use the
 following command:
@@ -317,14 +342,13 @@
     apache -s
-(The -s option is not required by Windows 95, but on Windows NT it
-prevents Apache waiting to see if Apache is running as a
-service). Apache will execute, and will remain running until it
-is stopped by pressing control-C.
+Apache will execute, and will remain running until it is stopped by pressing
+control-C.  (The -s option is not required by Windows 95, but on Windows NT it
+prevents Apache waiting to see if Apache is running as a service.)
-To install Apache as a Windows NT service, use the following:
+To install Apache as a Windows NT service as follows:
     apache -i
@@ -336,15 +360,34 @@
     apache -u
-If you want to run an installation of Apache in a directory other than
-the one in the registry key as above, use the <CODE>-f</CODE>
-command-line to specify the path to the <SAMP>httpd.conf</SAMP> file,
-or the <CODE>-d</CODE> option to specify the server root
-directory. These options can be used with any of the other flags as
-listed above. Again note that once Apache has read the
-<SAMP>httpd.conf</SAMP> file it will then start using the directory
-given on the <SAMP>ServerRoot</SAMP> directive line instead of the -f
-or -d command line argument.
+<H2><A NAME="signal">Signalling Apache when running</A></H2>
+<P>When Apache is running you may request that it reread it's
+configuration files as follows:
+    apache -Z @@whatever?@@>
+and to request that it shutdown gracefully, via:
+    apache -Z @@whatever?@@>
+and you can force it to stop via:
+    apache -Z @@whatever?@@
+Other techinques of shutting down the server (e.g. using the
+task manager to "End Process", distroying the command 
+window containing the server, or using control-C to interupt
+it) all have the downside of @@whatever@@.
 <H2><A NAME="comp">Compiling Apache for Windows</A></H2>
@@ -411,6 +454,13 @@
 <P>If you do not have nmake, or wish to install in a different directory,
    be sure to use a similar naming scheme.</P>
+Before running the server you must fill out the conf directory.
+Copy the *.conf-dist-win from the distribution conf directory
+and rename *.conf.  Edit the @@ServerRoot@@ entries to your
+actual server root (for example "C:\apache").  Copy over
+the conf/magic and conf/mime.types files as well.
 <!--#include virtual="footer.html" -->

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